Asked by: Allyn Gerikscience genetics
What is the site of protein synthesis in the cell?
Last Updated: 1st April, 2020
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Also know, what is cell protein synthesis?
Protein synthesis is the biological process by which cells generate proteins from RNA. They are principally during transcription (phenomena of RNA synthesis from DNA template) and translation (phenomena of amino acid assembly from RNA).
Additionally, what is the process of protein synthesis? Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. After the mRNA is processed, it carries the instructions to a ribosome in the cytoplasm.
One may also ask, what is the site of protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells?
4.4 Ribosomes: the sites of protein synthesis. The mRNA molecules exported from the nucleus are translated into protein in the cytoplasm by the ribosomes (which are RNA-protein complexes, not organelles). Ribosomal structure is similar in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
What organelles are involved in protein synthesis?
Ribosomes and Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes are the organelles responsible for protein translation and are composed of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and proteins. Some ribosomes are found in the cytoplasm, a gel-like substance that organelles float in and some are found in the rough endoplasmic reticulum.