Asked by: Ixeya Boeckh
medical health cold and flu

Do enzymes kill viruses?

Last Updated: 19th June, 2020

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Researchers have now turned a CRISPR RNA-cutting enzyme into an antiviral that can be programmed to detect and destroy RNA-based viruses in human cells. Many of the world's most common or deadly human pathogens are RNA-based viruses -- Ebola, Zika and flu, for example -- and most have no FDA-approved treatments.

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In this way, are there enzymes in viruses?

Some viruses have no enzymes at all inside the virus particle itself. Some other specific enzymes that are often made inside the host cell are RNA polymerase which duplicates viral RNA and transposase which moves the viral DNA to a different location in the host's DNA.

Additionally, what are some enzymes with which the virus is equipped? A distinctive large family of single-stranded RNA viruses is called Retroviridae; the RNA of these viruses is positive, but the viruses are equipped with an enzyme, called a reverse transcriptase, that copies the single-stranded RNA to form double-stranded DNA.

Besides, can enzymes kill bacteria?

Unlike antibiotics, which are usually broad spectrum and kill many different bacteria found in the human body, some of which are beneficial, the phage enzymes only kill the disease bacteria with little to no effect on the normal human bacterial flora.

Are enzymes alive?

Enzymes are NOT alive. They are complex chemicals produced by bacteria. They cannot reproduce, or actually consume waste. They speed up chemical reactions without getting used themselves.

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