Asked by: Rozella Huske
science chemistry

Does acetone have a dipole?

Last Updated: 3rd February, 2020

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Acetone is a polar molecule because ithasa polar bond, and the molecular structure does notcause thedipole to be canceled. There is no otherdipole tocancel out the C-O dipole. Conclusion: Themolecule ispolar.

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Then, does acetone have a dipole moment?

In acetone, the resultant of the C-Hbonddipole moments (although small) adds to the C=Odipolemoment. B. The C-H bond dipole moments ofacetoneare greater in magnitude than C-Cl bond dipolemoments ofphosgene. D. Phosgene has a tetrahedralgeometry whileacetone possesses a trigonalgeometry.

Also, does acetone have weak intermolecular forces? Acetone has the weakestintermolecularforces, so it evaporated most quickly.Acetone does notparticipate in hydrogen bonding, so itsintermolecularforces are comparatively weaker, and itevaporates mostquickly.

Similarly, what type of intermolecular force does acetone have?

Answer and Explanation: 1) Acetone is adipolarmolecule. Therefore, the dominant intermolecularforcesbetween the acetone molecules aredipole-dipoleinteractions. London dispersion forces existbetween alltypes of molecules, which holds themoleculestogether.

Does acetone have hydrogen bonds?

Acetone does not have hydrogenbondingbecause there are no hydrogens bonded directly to theoxygen whichwould give the needed strength of dipole

Related Question Answers

Carlito Zavolokov

Professional

Is acetone a VOC?

Acetone is not a hazardous air pollutant(HAP)under the federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Inaddition,acetone is not subject to the Risk Management Plan(RMP)requirements under section 112(r) pertaining to the preventionofaccidental releases. U.S. EPA has also grantedacetoneVOC-exempt status.

Zena Thieves

Professional

What products contain acetone?

Common Products Containing Acetone
  • Nail polish and nail polish removers.
  • Hair colors.
  • Hair tonics and conditioners.
  • Manicuring preparations and other toiletries.
  • Sun tan and other lotions applied on the skin.
  • Baby wipes.
  • Pre-moistened towels.
  • Art material including clay, finger paints, andtemperacolors.

Walfrido Dumitras

Professional

Are there different types of acetone?

Basically, there are two different kindsofnail polish removers: acetone and non-acetone.Mostbrands carry both types--it's usually stated right onthefront label.

Yordi Urzaiz

Explainer

Is acetone a Protic?

So acetone is a polar solvent. An aproticsolventdoes not have an H atom bound to O or N, but it canparticipate inH-bonding with protic molecules.Acetone does nothave an O-H group, but it has a C=O groupthat can participate inH-bonding.

Nikoleta Izparren

Explainer

What can you use acetone for?

Acetone is a good solvent for many plasticsandsome synthetic fibers. It is used for thinning polyesterresin,cleaning tools used with it, and dissolving two-part epoxiesandsuperglue before they harden. It is used as one ofthevolatile components of some paints and varnishes.

Assia Parenago

Explainer

Is acetone polar or nonpolar?

Water is a polar molecule, whilecarbontetrachloride is a nonpolar molecule. If we use the'likedissolves like' concept, then acetone is bothpolarand nonpolar. This dual character ofacetone is dueto its ability to make hydrogen bonds withwater and the presenceof two methyl groups.

Jurate Gschwindt

Pundit

What does acetone dissolve?

Acetone is used to dissolve otherchemicalsubstances and mixes readily with water,alcohol,dimethylformamide, chloroform, ether and most oils.Acetoneis considered a volatile organic compound by theNational PollutantInventory.

Spyridon Niber

Pundit

Can acetone kill you?

Because the LD50 does not tell you atwhatdose the first or all of the test animals die, it doesnottell you that 30 g of acetone are not goingtokill you or that 42 g of acetone will kill anypersonof 35 kg. So don't drink nail polish! Acetone burnsyoureyes nose and throat!

Josphine Veithen

Pundit

Is acetone more polar than ethanol?

Methanol is more polar than acetone. Methanolisprotic whereas acetone is aprotic. 6. Comparedtoethanol, propanol has the same number of polarbondsbut more nonpolar bonds, so propanol is less polarthanethanol.

Malle Folkhard

Pundit

Is acetone trigonal planar?

Acetone is the most simple ketone, thus it hasisformed by a three carbon chain which has two of the hydrogenfromsecond carbon substituted by an oxygen double bound with thecarbonatom. The center of the molecule isplanar-trigonaldue the C sp2 while the extremes havemethyl group with tetrahedralgeometry.

Rosimar Kuza

Pundit

What is the strongest intermolecular force in methanol?

The strongest intermolecular forces inmethanolare hydrogen bonds ( an especially strong type ofdipole-dipoleinteraction). The C-Cl bonds are polar but, because ofthetetrahedral symmetry, the bond dipoles canceleachother.

Avelina Arvelos

Teacher

Is acetone miscible in water?

Acetone is a polar substance due to thecarbonylgroup (like dissolve like). While larger organic compoundsareusually hydrophobic despite having polar groups, acetoneissmall enough to be soluble in water. It is also capableofmaking hydrogen bonds with water since there's a lonepairon the carbonyl oxygen.

Ina Ezcurechea

Teacher

What type of intermolecular force is NaCl?

Ion-dipole forces
This can be seen when sodiumchloride(NaCl) dissolves in water. The positive sodiumion (Na+)will be attracted to the slightly negative oxygen atoms inthewater molecule, while the negative chloride ion (Cl−)isattracted to the slightly positivehydrogenatoms.

Antoniya Noack

Teacher

Is acetone or water more polar?

In the case of acetone, it's slightlymorepolar than water. Water is also apolarsolvent.

Capitolina Beyreiss

Teacher

What type of intermolecular force is ethanol?

Like ethyl ether, ethanol is a polar moleculeandwill experience dipole-dipole interactions. Why arethedipole-dipole forces in ethanol stronger thanthosein ethyl ether? The especially strong intermolecularforcesin ethanol are a result of a special class ofdipole-dipoleforces called hydrogen bonds.

Darlene Timashev

Reviewer

Is CIF dipole dipole?

The intermolecular interactions will be made upofdipole-dipole interactions anddispersioninteractions. The strongest of these isthedipole-dipole interaction, and consequently, itwilldominate. (c) This is a covalent compound (compoundfromnon-metals) with no dipole moment.

Fletcher Thill

Reviewer

Is ethanol polar or nonpolar?

Ethanol is a very polar molecule due toitshydroxyl (OH) group, with the high electronegativity ofoxygenallowing hydrogen bonding to take place with other molecules.Theethyl (C2H5) group in ethanolisnon-polar. Thus, ethanol can dissolvebothpolar and non-polar substances.

Sulan Herrandonea

Reviewer

What is the strongest intermolecular force?

Dispersion forces are theweakestintermolecular force (one hundredth-one thousandththestrength of a covalent bond), hydrogen bonds are thestrongestintermolecular force (about one-tenth the strengthof acovalent bond). Dispersion forces <dipole-dipoleinteractions < hydrogen bonds.

Ella Rodehuser

Reviewer

What are the 4 types of intermolecular forces?

The four key intermolecular forces areasfollows: Ionic bonds > Hydrogen bonding > Van derWaalsdipole-dipole interactions > Van der Waalsdispersionforces.