Asked by: Marg Offental
medical health menopause

Does IV Dilantin need filter?

Last Updated: 16th July, 2021

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A filter of 0.2 micron must be used then to prevent precipitates that may form, from being injected into the blood circulation. Make sure the infusion is safe and provide an adequate treatment. Phenytoin Sodium must be administered by intermittent infusion in mini bag or piggyback, and on volumetric pump.

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Also to know is, how do you administer IV phenytoin?

In adults, a loading dose of 10 to 15 mg/kg should be administered slowly intravenously, at a rate not exceeding 50 mg per minute (this will require approximately 20 minutes in a 70-kg patient). The loading dose should be followed by maintenance doses of 100 mg orally or intravenously every 6-8 hours.

Subsequently, question is, what is Dilantin used for other than seizures? Dilantin (phenytoin) is an anti-epileptic drug, also called an anticonvulsant. Dilantin is used to control seizures.

Then, why are IV filters used?

This filtration is intended to protect the patient receiving the medication by filtering out particulate matter, bacteria, and air emboli, protecting the patient from phlebitis due to particulates or infection due to bacteria. Filters are used with the intravenous administration of many medications.

Does IV amiodarone require a filter?

An increased risk of phlebitis is related to the infusion of certain caustic medications. Studies have repeatedly shown high incidences of phlebitis in patients receiving amiodarone peripherally. According to recent evidence, in-line filters have proven to be a necessary component when administering amiodarone.

Related Question Answers

Yocelin Bonomi

Professional

Can Dilantin be given IV push?

Because of the increased risk of adverse cardiovascular reactions associated with rapid administration DILANTIN should be injected slowly intravenously at a rate not exceeding 1 to 3 mg/kg/min or 50 mg per minute, whichever is slower [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Iliya Okonsk

Professional

How do you mix Dilantin IV?

Phenytoin Sodium must be diluted with a NS 0.9% solute at a concentration of 1 to 10 mg/ml in a large vein. The rate of administration must not exceed 50 mg/min for 25 mg/min for elderly persons, and 1 - 3 mg/kg/min for newborns. Finish the infusion within 30 minutes (maximum dosage of 1,500 mg / 24 hours).

Xisela Parrillas

Professional

What is the antidote for Dilantin?

There is no antidote, and there is no evidence that any method of gastrointestinal decontamination or enhanced elimination improves outcome. Activated charcoal should be considered if the patient presents early; however, the role of multiple-dose activated charcoal is controversial.

Nilson Bens

Explainer

What IV fluid is compatible with phenytoin?

It is concluded that 0.9% sodium chloride and lactated Ringer's injections are suitable diluents for the intravenous administration of phenytoin. Factors other than pH and cosolvent concentration may affect phenytoin stability in dextrose solutions.

Ohiana Brandt

Explainer

Does Dilantin show up as a barbiturate?

Phenytoin sodium is an antiepileptic drug. Phenytoin sodium is related to the barbiturates in chemical structure, but has a five-membered ring.

Oleguer Chomsky

Explainer

What causes Dilantin levels to drop?

Drugs which may decrease phenytoin levels include: carbamazepine, chronic alcohol abuse, reserpine. Moban brand of molindone HCl contains calcium ions which interfere with the absorption of phenytoin.

Hortensio Vitse

Pundit

Is Dilantin and Phenytoin the same?

Dilantin, made by Parke-Davis, is the brand name for phenytoin (FEN-ih-toyn). For more than 50 years, it's helped people with epilepsy keep their seizures under control. The small differences between Dilantin and generic phenytoin can have big clinical effects.

Illan Mourinho

Pundit

How often should Dilantin levels be checked?

How Often Should I Check Phenytoin Levels in a Stable Patient – i.e. in the Outpatient Setting? Depending on the state of the patient, phenytoin levels are generally monitored at 3- to 12-months intervals10.

Solayman Duttenhofer

Pundit

What does a 0.2 micron filter remove?

All particles larger or smaller than 0.2 microns will be captured at an equal or greater efficiency than 0.2 microns. Sterile air filters are designed specifically to remove microorganisms, and the average size of bacteria is 0.2 microns.

Candela Millos

Pundit

What is an in line filter IV?

In-line IV filters house a membrane that separates the whole unit into a patient side and an air-vent side. The saturated membrane will prevent air from passing through to the patient side. In-line IV filters are observed to back-siphon when lowered below the patient's heart level.

Ava Groothuisen

Pundit

What are inline filters?

Inline filters remove system contaminants and maintain fluid purity in instrumentation and process systems. Sintered metal and mesh elements trap particles to protect sensitive equipment such as sensors and analyzers. Inline filters are used where more direct flow through the filter and compact size are required.

Lanita Fiedler

Teacher

What does a 1.2 micron filter remove?

Basic properties of filtration during drug preparation/administration: 5 micron filter removes large particles, including glass from ampules. 1.2 micron filter removes fungi and other particulate contamination. 0.2 micron filter is designed for sterilization and bacteria retention.

Simran Tendeiro

Supporter

What does Dilantin do to your brain?

Phenytoin is used to prevent and control seizures (also called an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug). It works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain.

Reka Zarouri

Supporter

Does Dilantin affect your teeth?

Gingival Overgrowth as a Side Effect of Dilantin (Phenytoin) Certain medications used to control seizures may cause an oral condition known as gingival enlargement or gingival overgrowth, increasing the risk of periodontal disease, tooth decay, and oral infections.

Teresa Janices

Beginner

Does Dilantin come in pill form?

The free acid form of phenytoin is used in DILANTIN-125 Suspension and DILANTIN Infatabs. DILANTIN extended capsules and parenteral DILANTIN are formulated with the sodium salt of phenytoin.

Jeff Mendive

Beginner

What type of seizures does phenytoin treat?

Phenytoin is an anti-seizure medication (anticonvulsant) used for preventing or treating generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures, complex partial seizures (psychomotor seizures), and seizures occurring during or after neurosurgery. It may be used alone or with phenobarbital or other anticonvulsants.

Taanant Gotschal

Beginner

What happens when you stop taking Dilantin?

Stopping DILANTIN suddenly can cause serious problems. Stopping a seizure medicine suddenly can cause you to have seizures more often or seizures that will not stop (status epilepticus). Like other antiepileptic drugs, DILANTIN may cause suicidal thoughts or actions in a very small number of people, about 1 in 500.

Flore Guim

Beginner

Does Dilantin affect blood pressure?

In previous decades, several patients experienced adverse effects of intravenous phenytoin such as severe heart arrhythmias and decrease of blood pressure. For old patients and patients with a heart disease, a slower infusion rate was recommended with a careful follow-up of heart rhythm and blood pressure.