Also to know is, how do you administer IV phenytoin?
In adults, a loading dose of 10 to 15 mg/kg should be administered slowly intravenously, at a rate not exceeding 50 mg per minute (this will require approximately 20 minutes in a 70-kg patient). The loading dose should be followed by maintenance doses of 100 mg orally or intravenously every 6-8 hours.
Then, why are IV filters used?
This filtration is intended to protect the patient receiving the medication by filtering out particulate matter, bacteria, and air emboli, protecting the patient from phlebitis due to particulates or infection due to bacteria. Filters are used with the intravenous administration of many medications.
An increased risk of phlebitis is related to the infusion of certain caustic medications. Studies have repeatedly shown high incidences of phlebitis in patients receiving amiodarone peripherally. According to recent evidence, in-line filters have proven to be a necessary component when administering amiodarone.