Asked by: Salua Gojenuri
science chemistry

How are atoms elements and compounds related?

Last Updated: 17th January, 2020

A particular atom will have the same number of protons and electrons and most atoms have at least as many neutrons as protons. An element is a substance that is made entirely from one type of atom. A compound is a substance made from two or more different elements that have been chemically joined.

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People also ask, what is the relationship between atoms elements and compounds?

Different elements combine to make a compound. That means, hydrogen can combine with oxygen to create a compound called 'Water'. A compound is 'impure', that means it contains more than one type of atom. When a group of atoms combine, they create a molecule.

One may also ask, how are elements compounds and mixtures related? Elements and compounds are purely homogeneous substances and they have a constant composition throughout. Elements and compounds cannot be separated into their respective constituents by physical means. Compounds and mixtures are made up of different elements or different atoms.

Likewise, people ask, how are atoms elements and compounds related quizlet?

All atoms of the same element have the same number of protons. Atoms of different elements differ in the number of protons. How do compounds differ from elements? A compound's properties are different from the properties that make up the element.

What is the relationship between atoms elements molecules and ions?

Particles can be atoms, molecules or ions. Atoms are single neutral particles. Molecules are neutral particles made of two or more atoms bonded together. An ion is a positively or negatively charged particle.

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How many atoms are in an element?

The two words are synonymous, so if you're looking for the number of atoms in an element, the answer is always one, and only one. Scientists know of 118 different elements, which they categorize in the periodic table, a diagram that arranges them in increasing order according to the number of protons in their nuclei.

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Can an element be a molecule?

A molecule is the smallest particle of a substance that exists independently. Molecules of most elements are made up of only one of atom of that element. Oxygen, along with nitrogen, hydrogen, and chlorine are made up of two atoms. A compound is a substance formed when two or more elements are chemically joined.

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What are the examples of compound?

A compound is a substance that is made up of two or more elements. Some examples of compounds include the following: water, carbon dioxide, and table salt.

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Is ozone gas an element or compound?

Ozone, O3, is a pale blue gas that is unstable and toxic. It is a powerful allotropic of the element oxygen; a high concentration of ozone around the earth absorbs heat. Ozone is a molecule containing three oxygen atoms. It is unstable and harmful on ground level.

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What are three common compounds?

Examples of Compounds - Common Compounds
  • C2H6O: Alcohol. NaCl: Salt. C2H6O: Ethanol. C2H4O2: Vinegar. NH3: Ammonia. C2H4O2: Acetic Acid. C4H10: Butane.
  • H2SO4 : Sulfuric Acid. CH4: Methane.
  • C12H22O11: Sucrose. C3H8: Propane.
  • NaHCO3: Baking Soda. N2O: Nitrogen. C6H8O7: Citric Acid. C8H18: Octane. C10H16O: Camphor.

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Is ice an element or compound?

Dry ice is pure carbon dioxide making it a pure substance. Compound have specific rations, for example H2O is 2:1 –hydrogen to oxygen and CO2 is 1:2 – carbon to oxygen. Compounds can be broken down into a simpler type of matter (elements) by chemical means (but not by physical means).

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How are atoms and elements different?

A particular atom will have the same number of protons and electrons and most atoms have at least as many neutrons as protons. An element is a substance that is made entirely from one type of atom. A compound is a substance made from two or more different elements that have been chemically joined.

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What are the three main classes of elements?

The three main classes of elements are metals on the left side, metalloids on the staircase, and nonmetals on the right hand side.

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Who defined the term element?

An element is a substance whose atoms all have the same number of protons: another way of saying this is that all of a particular element's atoms have the same atomic number. Elements are chemically the simplest substances and hence cannot be broken down using chemical reactions.

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Why do atoms form chemical bonds?

The atoms of most elements form chemical bonds because the atoms become more stable when bonded together. Electric forces attract neighboring atoms to each other, making them stick together. The arrangement of an atom's electrons determines how strongly it seeks to bond with other atoms.

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How is a molecule related to a compound?

A molecule is formed when two or more atoms of an element chemically join together. And a compound is a type of molecule, in which the types of atoms forming the molecule are different from each other.

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How do compounds differ from elements quizlet?

A mixture is made of two or more substances that are not chemically combined whereas a compound is made of 2 or more elements that are chemically combined. The elements that make up the compound are combined in fixed ratios. For example, water is always two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen.

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How does an atom become an ion quizlet?

An atom becomes an ion when its number of protons change. Some ions are positively charged, and some ions have no charge. The formation of an ion results in a full outermost energy level. Ions usually form when electrons are transferred from one atom to another.

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How are compounds different from mixtures?

Compounds are substances that are made of two or more atoms via a chemical reaction. On the other hand, mixtures are not chemically bound. They are physical combinations of two or more substances. The substances within the mixture maintain their physical and chemical properties.

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How does an atom become an ion?

An atom becomes an Ion (a) if it gains one or more electron(s) or (b) if it loses one or more electron(s). When it gains electrons it becomes negatively charged and is called an anion. When it loses electron(s) it becomes positively charged and is called a cation.

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Is milk a mixture?

Milk is a mixture of liquid butterfat globules dispersed and suspended in water. Colloids are generally considered heterogeneous mixtures, but have some qualities of homogeneous mixtures as well.

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Is Salt an element?

Chemically, table salt consists of two elements, sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl). Neither element occurs separately and free in nature, but are found bound together as the compound sodium chloride.

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Is oxygen a compound?

Oxygen in the atmosphere is a molecule because it contains molecular bonds. It is not a compound because it is made from atoms of only one element - oxygen. This type of molecule is called a diatomic molecule, a molecule made from two atoms of the same type.

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Is blood a mixture?

Answer and Explanation:
Blood is a mixture because it is made up of many different parts that are combined, but can be physically separated from each other.