Asked by: En Amersvoort
science chemistry

How do you find the charge of hydroxide?

When water ionizes one of the hydrogen atomsabscondswith itself and leaves it's electron behind, giving usthehydroxide ion. The extra electron gives hydroxideanet charge of -1. The brackets indicate that this is anion,charge is denoted at top right.

Accordingly, what is the formula of hydroxide?


Also Know, how do you find the formal charge? The formal charge is determined by thevalenceelectrons (VE), nonbonding electrons (NE), and bondingelectrons(BE) in the following formula: By calculating theformalcharge of each atom in a molecule, we can determinethe overallcharge of the molecule.

Also to know is, what is the charge for the hydroxide ion in NaOH?

The formula for hydroxide is OH-. Inthiscompound, oxygen bonds with hydrogen by sharingtwoelectrons. Hydroxide carries a negativechargebecause it has gained an electron.

How many electrons are in a hydroxide ion?

10 electrons

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What is the chemical formula for Limewater?

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Is hydroxide a base or acid?

If one of those ions is H+, the solutionisacidic. The strong acid hydrogen chloride (HCl)isone example. If one of the ions is OH-, the solutionisbasic. An example of a strong base issodiumhydroxide (NaOH).

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What is the charge of calcium hydroxide?

Ca (calcium) has a charge of 2+, sinceitis in group 2 on the periodic table. OH (hydroxide) isapolyatomic ion with a charge of -1.

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What is the charge of acetate?

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What is the name for nh4+?

NH4+ = Ammonium cation (more obscurely:aminium)cation is a positively charged polyatomic cation with thechemicalformula NH4+. It is formed by the protonation ofammonia(NH3).

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What does hydrogen and hydroxide form?

It all has to do with hydrogen ions(abbreviatedwith the chemical symbol H+). In water(H2O),a small number of the molecules dissociate (splitup). Some of thewater molecules lose a hydrogen and becomehydroxideions (OH). A base is a substancethat acceptshydrogen ions.

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Is hydrogen positive or negative?

One Hydrogen (H) has a positive charge+1.This has nothing to do with it having more protons thanelectrons,as it has one of each. Think of it as 'willing' to donateoneelectron, or it has +1 electrons see, it is on the plus side.OneOxygen (O) has a negative charge of -2.

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Is oxygen negative or positive?

The slight positive charges on the hydrogenatomsin a water molecule attract the slight negative chargesonthe oxygen atoms of other water molecules. This tinyforceof attraction is called a hydrogen bond. This bond isveryweak.

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What is Valency of Hydroxide?

Answered Jan 21, 2018. Hydroxide ion that is OHisa compound made up of hydrogen and oxygen. To knowthevalency of an atom you need to understand the conceptofelectronegativity. Oxygen is more electronegative atom ascomparedto hydrogen, thus the oxygen atom has a charge of -2whereashydrogen atom has a charge +1

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Is helium positive or negative?

A helium atom has no charge, which means it hasanoxidation number of 0. Neutrons have no charge. Since thenumbers ofprotons and electrons are equal, the positivecharge of theprotons and the negative charge of theelectrons add up tozero.

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Is NaOH polar or nonpolar?

In contrast, some compounds, such as NaOH orKOH,are not very acidic. In fact, they are termed Arhenniusbases,which means they are ionic compounds that dissociate in watertogive hydroxide ions (HO-).

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Are acids more positive or negative?

Acids are compounds that have a hydrogenionconnected to some other ion. Because the hydrogen ion isapositively charged ion, the opposite ion isanegative charged. One of the most wellknownacids out there is hydrochloric acid. It'schemicalmakeup is: HCl.

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Can hydrogen have a negative charge?

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What is the difference between hydroxide and hydroxyl?

Hydroxyl” is a neutral molecule;it'susually called a radical because it has an unpaired electron.Whenin compounds, OH is called “hydroxide” whenit'sin a compound with a metal, such ascalciumhydroxide or aluminum hydroxide, and calleda“hydroxyl group” or “hydroxygroup”in organic compounds such as ethanol.

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What state of matter is hydroxide?

Sodium hydroxide exists in the solid phase atroomtemperature. You would find it in the lab as hemisphericalwhitesolid pellets. The phase of a substance depends ontemperature andpressure. As you heat a solid, it will melt andchange to the liquidphase.

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What is formal charge?

In chemistry, a formal charge (FC) isthecharge assigned to an atom in a molecule, assumingthatelectrons in all chemical bonds are shared equally betweenatoms,regardless of relative electronegativity.

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What is the best formal charge?

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