Asked by: Verdell Frechoso
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How do you use ser and estar correctly?

Last Updated: 20th May, 2020

Ser is used in a simple way, to talk about WHAT something is (permanent state). To describe characteristics that are an essential part of the thing we're talking about. Estar is used to talk about HOW something is, so we use it for conditions, locations, emotions, and actions (temporary states).

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Moreover, how do you remember the difference between ser and estar?

There is a little rhyme that is printed in the textbook, Realidades, which helps you remember when to use the verb, estar. The rhyme goes, For how you feel or where you are, always use the verb estar. Estar is used to describe emotions and locations. These are the differences between ser and estar.

Beside above, what are the rules for ser and estar? Ser is used to classify and identify permanent or lasting attributes. If the general rule isn´t specific enough for you, think of the acronym DOCTOR, which stands for Description, Occupation, Characteristic, Time, Origin, and Relationship. Estar is used to indicate temporary states and locations.

Also to know is, how do you use ser in a sentence?

The verb ser is used to describe occupation. Note that in Spanish you will say, "She is professor" (Ella es profesora), NOT "She is a professor" (Ella es una profesora). When talking about occupation, you should not include either un or una. I am an actor.

What are the conjugations of ser?

Ser is one of only three irregular imperfect verbs. Here's that conjugation; notice that, like regular verbs, the first-person and third-person singular forms (yo and usted) are the same.

Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Ser (to Be)

Conjugation Translation
tú eres You (informal) are
él/ella/ello/uno es He/she/one is
usted es You (formal) are
nosotros somos We are

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Present Conjugation of Ser and Estar.
Pronombre Ser Estar
Yo soy estoy
eres estás
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Nosotros somos estamos