Asked by: Thorsten Veliciasscience genetics
How does DNA code for amino acids?
Last Updated: 17th April, 2020
Click to see full answer.
Also know, how does DNA make amino acids?
First, enzymes read the information in a DNA molecule and transcribe it into an intermediary molecule called messenger ribonucleic acid, or mRNA. Next, the information contained in the mRNA molecule is translated into the "language" of amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins.
Also Know, does the start codon code for an amino acid? The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes.
Keeping this in view, how does DNA code for proteins?
The type of RNA that contains the information for making a protein is called messenger RNA (mRNA) because it carries the information, or message, from the DNA out of the nucleus into the cytoplasm. Through the processes of transcription and translation, information from genes is used to make proteins.
How do you code amino acid sequences?
You can think of the sequences of bases in the coding strand of DNA or in messenger RNA as coded instructions for building protein chains out of amino acids. There are 20 amino acids used in making proteins, but only four different bases to be used to code for them. Obviously one base can't code for one amino acid.