Asked by: Nelso Carminda
science chemistry

How does Dynamite work chemically?

Last Updated: 1st February, 2020

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Dynamite is an absorbent material soaked in nitroglycerin.
Dynamite is one example of a chemical explosive. An explosive is anything that, once ignited, burns extremely rapidly and produces a large amount of hot gas in the process. The hot gas expands very rapidly and applies pressure.

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Similarly, you may ask, how does a dynamite work?

Dynamite is formed into explosive sticks that feature a wick and a blasting cap. The wick is lit, which leads to a small explosion when it reaches the blasting cap. When the blasting cap explodes, the nitroglycerin then causes a much larger explosion.

Furthermore, is dynamite the same as TNT? Dynamite is not the same thing as TNT. You've probably heard people say “TNT” and “dynamite” in a conversation as though they were the same thing. But TNT (or 2,4,6,-trinitrotoluene, to use its chemical name) is not one of those components. Instead, the active explosive in dynamite is a chemical called nitroglycerin.

Hereof, how is dynamite used in mining?

Dynamite. Dynamite is an explosive based on the explosive potential of nitroglycerin using diatomaceous earth as an adsorbent. The chief uses of dynamite used to be in construction, mining and demolition.

How do chemical explosions work?

Chemical explosions may be distinguished from other exothermic reactions by the extreme rapidity of their reactions. In addition to the violent release of energy, chemical explosions must provide a means to transfer the energy into mechanical work. This is accomplished by expanding product gases from the reaction.

Related Question Answers

Bentchey LaƱa

Professional

Can I buy dynamite?

(No mention about target blasting. or home protection) After you have this, you contact an explosives supplier who will sell you the explosives you are licensed to have--if you are licensed to have water gel slurry explosives and not dynamite, you can't buy dynamite.

Poder Villalon

Professional

What is c4 made of?

The Composition C-4 used by the United States Armed Forces contains 91% RDX ("Research Department Explosive", an explosive nitroamine), bound by a mixture of 5.3% dioctyl sebacate (DOS) or dioctyl adipate (DOA) as the plasticizer (to increase the plasticity of the explosive), thickened with 2.1% polyisobutylene (PIB, a

Encarni Shakhlamov

Professional

How strong is dynamite?

A stick of dynamite thus produced contains roughly 1 MJ (megajoule) of energy. Other sizes also exist, rated by either portion (Quarter-Stick or Half-Stick) or by weight. Dynamite is usually rated by "weight strength" (the amount of nitroglycerin it contains), usually from 20% to 60%.

Raj Dascher

Explainer

How long does it take for dynamite to explode?

The explosion took place in from two to four minutes.

Coral Weiskopf

Explainer

What happens when dynamite gets wet?

Dynamite is an explosive invented by Alfred Nobel. Its main explosive component is nitroglycerin. Even though the diatomaceous earth takes away some of the dangers of nitroglycerin, there are still problems because the mixture is not stable in damp environments. Water causes the nitroglycerin to leak away.

Fabrizio Costillo

Pundit

What was used before dynamite?

Liquid Nitroglycerin
Nevertheless, it was used widely in the 19th century for blasting operations in the oil and mining industries and in railroad construction. Alfred Nobel discovered a method of stabilizing nitroglycerin by mixing it with absorbent substances such as diatomaceous earth and silicates.

Drifa Erer

Pundit

What chemicals are in dynamite?

Nitroglycerin, for example, has the chemical formula C3H5(ONO2)3. The carbon and hydrogen combine with oxygen, and the nitrogen is liberated. Dynamite is simply some sort of absorbent material (like sawdust) soaked in nitroglycerin.

Armenuhi Tomuta

Pundit

How did dynamite affect the economy?

Nobel's invention made producing and using explosives cheaper and safer w/ fewer accidents & deaths. Dynamite also made the jobs of demolition and mining a lot easier and faster. It also helped in the development of transport networks (train track and roads) all around the world.

Bourama Senlle

Pundit

What are the 3 categories of high explosives?

High explosives are divided into three main categories, Primary (or Initiating) High Explosives, Secondary High Explosives, Boosters and Secondary High Explosives, Main Charge. As with many of the terms associated with explosions, there is also other terms that describe combustion explosions, "Deflagration Explosion".

Timotei Raithel

Pundit

What is a blast hole?

Blast hole Drilling is a technique used in mining whereby a hole is drilled into the surface of the rock, packed with explosive material, and detonated. The initial hole into which the explosives are packed is known as the “blast hole”.

Maimona Conza

Teacher

Is Dynamite legal to own?

DCS requires both a license and permit before transporting, using, procuring, manufacturing, selling, and storing explosives. Under state law, it is illegal for anyone to possess an explosive without a bill of sale or some other proof of its legal transfer.

Elisha Ganci

Teacher

How powerful is an m80?

Because an M-80 is a pyrotechnic device containing a charge in excess of 50 milligrams of pyrotechnic flash power, civilian use requires a license issued by federal authorities.

Hunter Fountain

Teacher

How did dynamite changed the world?

Dynamite change a lot of our way of getting things done. It revolutionized the processes in construction, demolition, and mining as it can be used as a detonating explosive instead of the previous burning explosives. With this in mind, dynamite also help form the building structres we use in cities and towns today.

Aldair Zaccheo

Teacher

When was dynamite first used in war?

Use in war
Dynamite was first used in a bomb in 1870, during the Franco-German war and it soon became widespread in canons in the Spanish-American war. Nobel was not ignorant of these uses.

Venecia Bahshiev

Reviewer

Can you shoot dynamite to make it explode?

It depends on the explosive. Some bomb materials are highly sensitive to impact; if you shoot a gun at a stick of dynamite, for example, there's a good chance you'll set it off. Others are less susceptible to gunfire. A block of C4 plastic explosive can withstand a rifle shot without exploding.

Libe Tesoureiro

Reviewer

What was dynamite used for in the Industrial Revolution?

The Evolution of Dynamite From the Industrial Revolution. Nobel's invention was first sold as “ Nobel's Blasting Powder” Dynamite can be used for: construction, mining, cut concrete and steel, demolition, clearing stumps, dynamite gun, and making tunnels in mountains.

Sigrun Fago

Reviewer

Why do they call it TNT?

As for TNT, it's also a high explosive, but it ain't dynamite. TNT is a yellowish compound with the chemical name trinitrotoluene(try-night-row-TALL-you-een), which is somewhat easier to remember than its chemical formula, CH 3C6H2(NO2)3. TNT was discovered in Germany in 1863 by Joseph Wilbrand.

Leidiane Ginart

Reviewer

Is TNT more powerful than dynamite?

As for TNT, it's also a high explosive, but it ain't dynamite. Although not quite as powerful as dynamite (and harder to detonate), the main benefit of TNT is that it's even more stable than dynamite (Wilbrand, for instance, never lost a single brother to an explosion).