Asked by: Bailey Schraer
medical health diabetes

How does hyperglycemia cause damage?

Last Updated: 30th January, 2020

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Hyperglycemia causes tissue damage through five major mechanisms: Increased flux of glucose and other sugars through the polyol pathway, increased intracellular formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), increased expression of the receptor for advanced glycation end products and its activating ligands,

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Similarly one may ask, how does hyperglycemia damage the body?

It's important to treat hyperglycemia, because if left untreated, hyperglycemia can become severe and lead to serious complications requiring emergency care, such as a diabetic coma. In the long term, persistent hyperglycemia, even if not severe, can lead to complications affecting your eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart.

Beside above, what body systems are negatively affected by hyperglycemia? The kidneys and urinary system Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the kidneys. This damage prevents the kidneys from filtering waste out of the blood. In time, kidney failure can result.

Subsequently, question is, how does glucose damage cells?

Diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease such as heart disease and stroke, even when glucose, or blood sugar, levels are under control. Most of the glucose in the body goes directly into cells where it's modified to produce the energy source ATP.

What happens to cells during hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia refers to high levels of sugar, or glucose, in the blood. It occurs when the body does not produce or use enough insulin, which is a hormone that absorbs glucose into cells for use as energy.

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