Asked by: Ostap Hilpert
business and finance metals industry

How is cement made step by step?

Last Updated: 14th March, 2020

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From the limestone quarry to the delivery of theendproduct, follow every step in the cementmanufacturingprocess.
  1. Step 1: Mining.
  2. Step 2: Crushing, stacking, and reclaiming ofrawmaterials.
  3. Step 3: Raw meal drying, grinding,andhomogenization.
  4. Step 4: Clinkerization.
  5. Step 5: Cement grinding and storage.
  6. Step 6: Packing.

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Likewise, is cement a raw material?

The raw materials needed to producecement(calcium carbonate, silica, alumina and iron ore) aregenerallyextracted from limestone rock, chalk, clayey schist orclay.Suitable reserves can be found in most countries. Theserawmaterials are extracted from the quarrybyblasting.

Also Know, what is the chemical composition of cement? Lime or calcium oxide, CaO: from limestone,chalk,shells, shale or calcareous rock. Silica, SiO2:fromsand, old bottles, clay or argillaceous rock.Alumina,Al2O3: from bauxite, recycledaluminum, clay.Iron, Fe2O3: from from clay,iron ore, scrapiron and fly ash.

Similarly, you may ask, what is cement formula?

Updated Jul 27, 2017. Cement is a mixtureofdifferent compounds. It consists of Calciumoxide(CaO),Silicondioxide(SiO2),Aluminumoxide(Al2O3),Ironoxide(Fe2O3),Water(H2O),Sulfate(SO3) and do nothave any specificformula.

What is the raw material used?

Raw materials can be explained as substanceormaterial used in the manufacturing or primary productionofgoods. Generally, raw materials are natural resourceslikeoil, wood, and iron. Raw materials are often altered forusein various processes prior to being used inthemanufacturing process.

Related Question Answers

Shiva Ouarti

Professional

Which raw material is used in cement?

The most common raw rock types usedincement production are: Limestone (supplies the bulk ofthelime) Clay, marl or shale (supplies the bulk of the silica,aluminaand ferric oxide) Other supplementary materials suchassand, fly ash/pulverised fuel ash (PFA), or ironstone toachievethe desired bulk composition.

Nedra Kindl

Professional

Why gypsum is added in cement?

Gypsum plays a very important role in controllingtherate of hardening of the cement. During the cementmanufacturingprocess, upon the cooling of clinker, a smallamount ofgypsum is introduced during the final grindingprocess.Gypsum is added to control the “settingofcement”.

Weiqiang Guttler

Professional

What are the 5 types of cement?

The Six Types of Cement
  • Type I; Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). This is ageneralpurpose cement with no special properties.
  • Type IP; Blended Cement (Pozzolan). This is also ageneralpurpose cement, mainly used for concreting andplastering.
  • Type II Cement.
  • Type III Cement.
  • Type V (SR Cement.
  • Class "G" Oil Well Cement.

Agusti Silanes

Explainer

Why is it called Portland cement?

Its name is derived from its similaritytoPortland stone, a type of building stone quarried ontheIsle of Portland in Dorset, England. In his1824cement patent, Joseph Aspdin called hisinvention"Portland cement" because of the its resemblancetoPortland stone.

Ilhame Foos

Explainer

What is concrete used for?

It is an important construction materialusedextensively in buildings, bridges, roads and dams. Itsuses rangefrom structural applications, to paviours, kerbs, pipesand drains.Concrete is a composite material, consistingmainly ofPortland cement, water and aggregate (gravel, sandorrock).

Yacine Sagazola

Explainer

How is cement used?

Cement is mainly used as a binderinconcrete, which is a basic material for all types ofconstruction,including housing, roads, schools, hospitals, dams andports, aswell as for decorative applications (for patios,floors,staircases, driveways, pool decks) and items liketables,sculptures or bookcases.

Dorut Cascalheiro

Pundit

What is mortar made of?

Mortar is used to hold building materials suchasbrick or stone together. It is composed of a thickmixtureof water, sand, and cement. The water is used to hydrate thecementand hold the mix together. The water to cement ratio ishigher inmortar than in concrete in order to form itsbondingelement.

Oriol Wibbe

Pundit

What is cement made up of?

Cement is manufactured through acloselycontrolled chemical combination of calcium, silicon,aluminum, ironand other ingredients. Common materials used tomanufacturecement include limestone, shells, and chalk ormarl combinedwith shale, clay, slate, blast furnace slag, silicasand, and ironore.

Albertine Niederhofer

Pundit

What is natural cement?

Cement Rock is the term given to alimestonecontaining up to 25% clayey (argillaceous) material. Bycalciningand grinding this naturally occurring rock, a materialknown asNatural Cement or Roman Cement is produced.Itsproperties are between that of a Portland cementandhydraulic lime.

Lexuri Chapon

Pundit

What is concrete made of?

Concrete is made up of threebasiccomponents: water, aggregate (rock, sand, or gravel) andPortlandcement. Cement, usually in powder form, acts as a bindingagentwhen mixed with water and aggregates.

Florian Konheiser

Pundit

What is cement simple definition?

The definition of cement is anythingthatbinds, particularly a substance made of burned lime, clay, sandandwater to make mortar or sand, water and gravel to make concrete.Anexample of cement is the material used for a foundation ofahouse.

Baha Miera

Teacher

When was cement first used?

Joseph Aspdin took out a patent in 1824 for"PortlandCement," a material he produced by firingfinely-ground clayand limestone until the limestone was calcined.He called itPortland Cement because the concrete made fromit lookedlike Portland stone, a widely-used building stoneinEngland.

Aventina Sarasibar

Teacher

What are the types of cement?

Followings are the types of cement:
  • Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC)
  • Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)
  • Rapid Hardening Cement.
  • Quick setting cement.
  • Low Heat Cement.
  • Sulphates resisting cement.
  • High Alumina Cement.
  • White Cement.

Ausra Lameiro

Teacher

What is the rate of cement?

Project Cement Prices for Mumbai MMR Area Prices ason:21-Sep-2019
Brand Grade Rate Rs./Bag #
ACC OPC-53 BULK 250.00
Ambuja PPC 220.00
Ambuja OPC-53 BULK 250.00
Ambuja OPC-53 225.00

Damasa Mazo

Reviewer

Who discovered cement?

Joseph Aspdin

Ubaldina Versace

Reviewer

What is the formula for concrete?

CONCRETE CALCULATOR FORMULA
Multiply the length by the width to determinesquarefootage. Convert the thickness from inches to feet. Multiplythethickness in feet by the square footage to determine cubicfeet.Convert cubic feet to cubic yards by multiplyingby.037.

Roselia Nevado

Reviewer

Why Silica is used in cement?

Sufficient quantity of silica helps fortheformation of di-calcium and tri-calcium silicates whichimpartsstrength to the cement. Excess silicaincement will increase the strength of cement butatthe same time setting time of cementalsoincreased.

Barka Tormo

Reviewer

What are the properties of cement?

The physical properties of good cement arebasedon:
  • Fineness of cement.
  • Soundness.
  • Consistency.
  • Strength.
  • Setting time.
  • Heat of hydration.
  • Loss of ignition.
  • Bulk density.