Asked by: Bonnie Luedtke
science physics

How is energy being dissipated in a bouncing ball?

Last Updated: 10th July, 2021

The ball hits the ground where some energy is dissipated to heat and friction. While traveling back up, the ball's energy is losing kinetic energy while gaining potential energy (conserved energy). With each successive bounce, it dissipates more energy to friction, air resistance and heat.

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Beside this, what happens to the energy of the ball when the ball stops bouncing?

The short answer is: A ball stops bouncing because it has lost all its energy. Upon hitting the ground, some kinetic energy is lost, because it is converted to other forms of energy, mostly in the form of thermal energy (from friction and heat released) and even possibly sound energy.

Also, how much energy is lost when a ball bounces? Each bounce created a total energy loss of approximately 0.9 J. The energy was lost in the actual bounce rather than in the air. This is because if the ball bounced on an elastic surface, the energy of each bounce would be roughly equal and the ball would return to its starting height.

Beside above, how long does it take for a ball to stop bouncing?

The answer, as far as I can tell, is yes (well, maybe). Since each bounce has half of the initial velocity of the previous bounce, the time between each bounce also halves. The first bounce might take 1 second, the second takes 0.5 seconds, the third 0.25 seconds, etc.

Can a ball bounce forever?

The law of conservation of energy implies that a bouncing ball will bounce forever. When you drop it on the floor, it changes some of its energy into other forms, such as heat, each time it hits the floor.

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When energy is lost where does it go?

We know that based on the law of conservation of energy, energy cannot be lost, but it can change form. When the basketball hits the floor, some kinetic energy that the ball has is transferred into another form of energy. A collision where kinetic energy is lost (by changing forms) is called an inelastic collision.

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Why does a ball bounce back up when you drop it?

When a ball is dropped gravity pulls the ball toward the ground, slowing the ball down so that each bounce is shorter and shorter, until eventually the ball stops bouncing. The force of the ball hitting the hard ground puts an equal force back onto the ball, meaning it bounces back up.

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What type of energy does a ball have when it hits the ground?

As the ball falls towards the ground, its gravitational potential energy is transformed into kinetic energy. The kinetic energy of an object is the energy it possesses due to its motion.

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Why does the ball bounce back after striking the ground?

Ball bounces back due to the elastic nature of rubber that is the main material in it. It is the same phenomenon of elastic materials to retain its original shape when they are pressed or stretched. When the ball hits the ground, it is pressed with a force of gravity and other forces that was exerted on it.

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Where does the energy go?

There is kinetic energy in objects that are moving. The molecules making up all matter contains a huge amount of energy, as Einstein's E = mc^2 pointed out to us. Energy can also travel in the form of electromagnetic waves, such as heat, light, radio, and gamma rays.

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What happens to lost energy?

When energy is transformed from one form to another, or moved from one place to another, or from one system to another there is some energy loss. This means that when energy is converted to a different form, some of the input energy is turned into a highly disordered form of energy, like heat.

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How does a bouncing ball work?

When the rubber ball hits the ground it gets compressed, or squished, and because it is very elastic, it quickly returns to its original shape. When it does this, it pushes back on the ground shoots back up into the air.

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How do you calculate how high a ball bounces?

If the first height is h, the second will be f*h, the third f*f*h, the fourth f*f*f*h, and so on. So if f is 0.9, the first bounce will be 0.9 times as high, the second 0.81 times as high, the third 0.729 times as high (as the original height), and so on.

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Can a ball bounce higher than from where it was dropped?

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Balls which undergo more elastic collisions bounce higher as they lose less kinetic energy. No ball which is dropped (from rest) will bounce higher than the height it was dropped from. A ball can bounce higher than the original height if thrown down.

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Why does a ball bounce?

The force of the ball hitting the hard ground puts an equal force back onto the ball, causing it to bounce up. This happens because balls are made out of an elastic material like rubber, which means they can be dented or stretched and then return to their normal shape (think of what happens when you squeeze a balloon).

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Why dont balls bounce as high during the second bounce as they do in the first?

Answer and Explanation:
When the ball regains its shape this elastic potential energy cannot be fully converted into kinetic energy. Due to these losses the kinetic energy of the ball as it goes up is less than that when it comes down therefore it covers smaller height.

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Does a ball on the ground have potential energy?

If an object, such as a ball is lifted above the ground it has gravitational potential energy. If the ball is then dropped from rest it will fall back to the ground. The gravitational potential energy is converted to kinetic energy .