Asked by: Alecia Lubosch
science genetics

In which type of transduction does the transducing particle carry only specific portions of the bacterial genome?

Last Updated: 28th June, 2020

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Generalized transduction can transfer any host gene. It occurs when phage packaging accidentally incorporates bacterial DNA instead of phage DNA. The transducing phage can transfer only specific host genes.

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Correspondingly, what are the two types of transduction?

There are two types of transduction: generalized and specialized. In generalized transduction, the bacteriophages can pick up any portion of the host's genome. In contrast, with specialized transduction, the bacteriophages pick up only specific portions of the host's DNA.

what is Generalised transduction? Generalized transduction is the process by which any bacterial DNA may be transferred to another bacterium via a bacteriophage. It is a rare event; a very small percentage of phage particles happen to carry a donor bacterium's DNA, on the order of 1 phage in 10,000.

In respect to this, what's the difference between generalized and specific transduction?

The key difference between generalized and specialized transduction is that generalized transduction is done by virulent bacteriophages in which bacterial cell is lysed when new bacteriophages are released while specialized transduction is done by temperate bacteriophages in which bacterial cell is not lysed, and viral

How do bacteria take up DNA?

In transformation, a bacterium takes up a piece of DNA floating in its environment. In transduction, DNA is accidentally moved from one bacterium to another by a virus. In conjugation, DNA is transferred between bacteria through a tube between cells.

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Romualdas Senyagin

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What is the purpose of transduction?

Signal transduction (also known as cell signaling) is the transmission of molecular signals from a cell's exterior to its interior. Signals received by cells must be transmitted effectively into the cell to ensure an appropriate response.

Alexandru Leuthold

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What happens in transduction?

Signal transduction occurs as a result of a ligand binding to the outside region of the receptor (the ligand does not pass through the membrane). Ligand-receptor binding induces a change in the conformation of the inside part of the receptor, a process sometimes called "receptor activation".

Jokin Zidane

Professional

How is transduction important in disease?

Transduction happens through either the lytic cycle or the lysogenic cycle. Transduction is especially important because it explains one mechanism by which antibiotic drugs become ineffective due to the transfer of antibiotic-resistance genes between bacteria.

Lahcene Eisert

Explainer

What is an example of transduction?

Transduction. Technically speaking, transduction is the process of converting one form of energy into another. For example, your ears receive energy (sound waves) and transduce (or convert) this energy into neural messages that make their way to your brain and are processed as sounds.

Fatema Pinna

Explainer

What is transduction in biology?

Transduction, a process of genetic recombination in bacteria in which genes from a host cell (a bacterium) are incorporated into the genome of a bacterial virus (bacteriophage) and then carried to another host cell when the bacteriophage initiates another cycle of infection.

Melaine Papageorge

Explainer

What is the difference between transfection and transduction?

Transfection is the process of introducing nucleic acids into cells by non-viral methods. Transduction is the process whereby foreign DNA is introduced into another cell via a viral vector. A common way to validate that a genetic material was successfully introduced into cells is to measure protein expression.

Jagjit Massip

Pundit

What is a Lysogenic infection?

Lysogenic Infection. A reductive infection that results in ongoing phage genome replication, as a prophage, and specifically does not involve virion production except following subsequent prophage induction. Contrast with productive infections where phage replication is coupled with virion production.

Generoso Uchitel

Pundit

What is the transduction problem?

Transduction in general is the transportation or transformation of something from one form, place, or concept to another. Furthermore, transduction is defined as what takes place when many sensors in the body convert physical signals from the environment into encoded neural signals sent to the central nervous system.

Abdelasis Straatmans

Pundit

What do you mean by transduction?

Medical Definition of transduction
1 : the action or process of converting something and especially energy or a message into another form. 2 : the transfer of genetic material from one organism (as a bacterium) to another by a genetic vector and especially a bacteriophage — compare transformation sense 2.

Sanson Tilmans

Pundit

What is the difference between generalized and specialized transduction quizlet?

False. Transduction is simply the transfer of DNA from one cell to another via a replicating virus. Generalized transduction is not limited to a particular DNA sequence. In specialized transduction, only certain host sequences are transferred (along with phage DNA).

Kulvir Simonie

Pundit

Does transduction increase genetic variation?

Mechanisms that Increase Genetic Variation. Paul Andersen describes mechanisms that increase the genetic variation within a population. He begins by discussing how horizontal transfer can move genetic material between bacteria. Transformation, transduction, and conjugation in bacteria are all included.

Ibraima Liste

Teacher

What are the two types of bacterial DNA?

Bacterial DNA – a circular chromosome plus plasmids
The DNA of most bacteria is contained in a single circular molecule, called the bacterial chromosome. The chromosome, along with several proteins and RNA molecules, forms an irregularly shaped structure called the nucleoid.

Chayma Zurwonne

Teacher

Is bacteriophage a prokaryote?

A bacteriophage (/bækˈt??rio?fe?d?/), also known informally as a phage (/fe?d?/), is a virus that infects and replicates within bacteria and archaea.

ICTV classification of prokaryotic (bacterial and archaeal) viruses.
Order Unassigned
Family Tectiviridae
Morphology Nonenveloped, isometric
Nucleic acid Linear dsDNA

Albino Mugaburu

Teacher

What is meant by sensory transduction?

In physiology, sensory transduction is the conversion of a sensory stimulus from one form to another. A receptor cell converts the energy in a stimulus into an electrical signal.

Hunaida Giannelli

Teacher

Which best describes transduction in bacteria?

Bacteria transfer DNA with bacteriophages is called transduction. The bacteriophage is a virus that replicates within the bacterial cell. Thus, Option A is correct. Bacteria inject DNA into other cells with the help of a tube , this process is called Conjugation.

Oton Pollmachers

Reviewer

What is transformation transduction and conjugation?

Conjugation is the transfer of circular DNA called plasmids through cell to cell contact. Transformation is the uptake of 'free' DNA from the environment. Transduction is the transfer of DNA by bacteria-specific viruses called bacteriophage.

Aisam Stir

Reviewer

Felicito Elimelech

Reviewer

Do viruses prokaryotic?

Microorganisms and all other living organisms are classified as prokaryotes or eukaryotes. Viruses are considered neither prokaryotes nor eukaryotes because they lack the characteristics of living things, except the ability to replicate (which they accomplish only in living cells).

Ken Gavaskar

Reviewer

Who Discovered transformation?

Frederick Griffith