Asked by: Naim Abisaloff
science chemistry

Is hydroxide positive or negative?

Last Updated: 29th March, 2020

Hydroxide is made of hydrogen and oxygen.Becausehydroxide has a negative charge, it is oftenfoundbonded to positively charged ions in what are known asioniccompounds. An ionic compound is a chemical composed ofapositively charged ion bonded to a negativelychargedion.

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Keeping this in view, does hydroxide have a positive charge?

A water molecule is charge neutral becausethereis the same number of positive charges as there arenegativecharges. When water ionizes one of the hydrogenatomsabsconds with itself and leaves it's electron behind, givingus thehydroxide ion. The extra electron giveshydroxide anet charge of -1.

Also Know, is oxygen positive or negative? The slight positive charges on the hydrogenatomsin a water molecule attract the slight negative chargesonthe oxygen atoms of other water molecules. This tinyforceof attraction is called a hydrogen bond. This bond isveryweak.

Additionally, is an acid positive or negative?

Acids are compounds that have a hydrogenionconnected to some other ion. Because the hydrogen ion isapositively charged ion, the opposite ion isanegative charged. One of the most well knownacidsout there is hydrochloric acid. It's chemicalmakeup is:HCl.

What is the difference between OH and HO?

HO is a molecule containing positiveHydrogenOxygen atoms i.e it is a cation. OH is a moleculecontainingnegative Hydrogen Oxygen atoms i.e it is an anion. Bothare ions,HO+ is Hydroxide, OH- is Oxyhydride. Both areacceptable andthe only difference is about the chargeonoxygen.

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What is hydroxide used for?

What are some uses of sodium hydroxide? Itismajor ingredient in drain and oven cleaners. It is usedinchemical manufacturing, oil refining, hydraulic fracturing,watertreatment and metal processing. It is used inthemanufacture of fabric, plastic wrap, paper andsoap.

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What does hydroxide do in the body?

Hydroxide is a diatomic anion withchemicalformula OH. It consists of an oxygen andhydrogenatom held together by a covalent bond, and carries anegativeelectric charge. It is an important but usuallyminorconstituent of water. It functions as a base, a ligand,anucleophile, and a catalyst.

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How is hydroxide formed?

Hydroxide ions. Hydroxide ionsaremolecular ions with the formula OH-, formedbythe loss of a proton from a water molecule. Thehydroxideion is the strongest base that can exist inaqueoussolution.

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Is NaOH an acid or base?

NaOH, or sodium hydroxide, is a compound.Acompound is classified as either an acid, base,orsalt. All bases contain OH- (hydroxide) ions, whileallacids contain H+ (hydrogen) ions. A salt is a compoundthatis formed when a base and an acid arecombinedbecause they neutralize each other.

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What state of matter is hydroxide?

Sodium hydroxide exists in the solid phase atroomtemperature. You would find it in the lab as hemisphericalwhitesolid pellets. The phase of a substance depends ontemperature andpressure. As you heat a solid, it will melt andchange to the liquidphase.

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What is the charge of K?

Potassium have one valence electron and has a+1charge.

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Is helium positive or negative?

A helium atom has no charge, which means it hasanoxidation number of 0. Neutrons have no charge. Since thenumbers ofprotons and electrons are equal, the positivecharge of theprotons and the negative charge of theelectrons add up tozero.

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What is the Valency of Hydroxide?

Compound Symbol Valency
Sulphate SO4 -2
Hydroxide OH -1
Carbonate CO3 -2
Nitrate NO3 -2

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What is a weak acid?

Weak Acid Definition. A weak acid isanacid that is partially dissociated into its ions inanaqueous solution or water. In contrast, a strong acidfullydissociates into its ions in water. At the sameconcentration,weak acids have a higher pH value thanstrongacids.

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What makes a solution neutral?

Neutral solutions maintain a pH of 7. Waterandhuman blood are great examples of neutral solutions.Watercan break down to form (H+) and (OH-) ions. When these ionsareequal to each other, the value is 1 *10^-7,orneutral.

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What makes a solution acidic or basic?

The solution is neither acidic or basic.Anacid is a substance that donates hydrogen ions. Because ofthis,when an acid is dissolved in water, the balance betweenhydrogenions and hydroxide ions is shifted. Now there are morehydrogenions than hydroxide ions in the solution. This kindofsolution is acidic.

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What is a strong base?

A strong base is a base that iscompletelydissociated in an aqueous solution. These compoundsionize in waterto yield one or more hydroxide ion (OH-)per molecule ofbase. In contrast, a weak base onlypartiallydissociates into its ions in water. Strong basesreact withstrong acids to form stablecompounds.

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How do acids work?

An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donatingaproton (hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capableofforming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewisacid).A lower pH means a higher acidity, and thus a higherconcentrationof positive hydrogen ions in thesolution.

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What makes a solution Basic?

A basic solution is an aqueoussolutioncontaining more OH-ions thanH+ions. In otherwords, it is an aqueous solutionwith a pH greater than7.

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What makes pure water neutral?

Since pH is defined as the negative log of thehydrogenion concentration, the pH of pure water is 7orneutral. Pure water is neutral becausethenumber of positive hydrogen ions produced is equal to the numberofnegative.

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How do acids form?

An Arrhenius acid is therefore any substancethationizes when it dissolves in water to give the H+,orhydrogen, ion. An Arrhenius base is any substance that givestheOH-, or hydroxide, ion when it dissolves inwater.Acids provide the H+ ion; bases providetheOH- ion; and these ions combine toformwater.

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Are acids corrosive?

Corrosives can also damage or even destroy metal.Theymight be hazardous in other ways too, depending on theparticularcorrosive material. Most corrosives are eitheracidsor bases. Common acids include hydrochloricacid, sulfuricacid, nitric acid, chromic acid, acetic acid andhydrofluoricacid.

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Is oxygen positive or negative in water?

The unequal sharing of electrons gives thewatermolecule a slight negative charge near itsoxygenatom and a slight positive charge near itshydrogen atoms.When a neutral molecule has a positive areaat one end and anegative area at the other, it is apolarmolecule.

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How do you know if a charge is positive or negative?

That means an atom with a neutral charge isonewhere the number of electrons is equal to the atomic number.Ionsare atoms with extra electrons or missing electrons.Whenyou are missing an electron or two, you have apositivecharge. When you have an extra electron ortwo, you havea negative charge.