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Is it important for a study to have high internal validity?

Last Updated: 18th May, 2020

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An experiment that is high in internal validity is able to prove that the independent variable caused the dependent variable and no other variable did. It is important in order to show causality between variables.

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Accordingly, what is the internal validity of a study?

Internal validity refers to how well an experiment is done, especially whether it avoids confounding (more than one possible independent variable [cause] acting at the same time). The less chance for confounding in a study, the higher its internal validity is.

Secondly, do case studies have high internal validity? Case studies can be useful for generating new research questions, for studying rare phenomena, and for illustrating general principles. However, they cannot substitute for carefully controlled experimental or correlational studies because they are low in internal and external validity.

In respect to this, how do you increase the internal validity of a study?

You can increase the validity of an experiment by controlling more variables, improving measurement technique, increasing randomization to reduce sample bias, blinding the experiment, and adding control or placebo groups.

What contributes to internal validity?

Here are some factors which affect internal validity: Subject variability. Size of subject population. Time given for the data collection or experimental treatment. History.

Related Question Answers

Djillali Cote

Professional

What is internal validity example?

Internal validity is a way to measure if research is sound (i.e. was the research done right?). It is related to how many confounding variables you have in your experiment. For example, let's suppose you ran an experiment to see if mice lost weight when they exercised on a wheel.

Saliou Maymi

Professional

What is an example of validity?

Validity refers to how well a test measures what it is purported to measure. For a test to be reliable, it also needs to be valid. For example, if your scale is off by 5 lbs, it reads your weight every day with an excess of 5lbs.

Sanae Kalihanov

Professional

What are the threats of internal validity?

Eight threats to internal validity have been defined: history, maturation, testing, instrumentation, regression, selection, experimental mortality, and an interaction of threats.

Hasier Isenaj

Explainer

What are examples of threats to internal validity?

Example threats
  • Ambiguous temporal precedence.
  • Confounding.
  • Selection bias.
  • History.
  • Maturation.
  • Repeated testing (also referred to as testing effects)
  • Instrument change (instrumentality)
  • Regression toward the mean.

Corrine Liria

Explainer

How do you measure internal validity of a study?

This type of internal validity could be assessed by comparing questionnaire responses with objective measures of the states or events to which they refer; for example comparing the self-reported amount of cigarette smoking with some objective measure such as cotinine levels in breath.

Anoir Rolle

Explainer

What are the 4 types of validity?

The four types of validity. Date published September 6, 2019 by Fiona Middleton. When you do quantitative research, you have to consider the reliability and validity of your methods and instruments of measurement. Validity tells you how accurately a method measures something.

Aldegunda Smole

Pundit

What is Reliability vs validity?

Reliability and validity are concepts used to evaluate the quality of research. They indicate how well a method, technique or test measures something. Reliability is about the consistency of a measure, and validity is about the accuracy of a measure.

Silvian Barraquinha

Pundit

How do you determine validity of a study?

Construct Validity refers to the degree to which a variable, test, questionnaire or instrument measures the theoretical concept that the researcher hopes to measure. To assess whether a study has construct validity, a research consumer should ask whether the study has adequately measured the key concepts in the study.

Hajar Vosshans

Pundit

How do you ensure validity?

When the study permits, deep saturation into the research will also promote validity. If responses become more consistent across larger numbers of samples, the data becomes more reliable. Another technique to establish validity is to actively seek alternative explanations to what appear to be research results.

Yessenia Sprau

Pundit

How do you measure validity?

A direct measurement of face validity is obtained by asking people to rate the validity of a test as it appears to them. This rater could use a likert scale to assess face validity. For example: - the test is extremely suitable for a given purpose.

Agustina Chan

Pundit

What is internal validity and why is it important?

An experiment that is high in internal validity is able to prove that the independent variable caused the dependent variable and no other variable did. It is important in order to show causality between variables.

Virgilina Wredt

Teacher

What is an example of external validity?

Some examples include: Aptitude–treatment Interaction: The sample may have certain features that interact with the independent variable, limiting generalizability. For example, comparative psychotherapy studies often employ specific samples (e.g. volunteers, highly depressed, no comorbidity).

Amarfil Subiron

Teacher

How can threats to internal validity be reduced?

Avoid assigning subjects to groups based on their extreme scores. Recruit large groups of participants or more than needed for statistical analyses. Include incentives and compensation as appropriate. Utilize random selection (sampling) and random assignment of subjects.

Yetto Stefany

Teacher

How does a control group increase validity?

Increasing Validity
Create a control group at the same time you create your study group. When studying the effects of exposure to a variable on your subjects, compare these subjects to subjects that have not been exposed to the variable. Creating a control group will give you a basis on which to draw comparisons.

Nelo Muguiro

Teacher

How do you ensure external validity?

A study is considered to be externally valid if the researcher's conclusions can in fact be accurately generalized to the population at large. (4) The sample group must be representative of the target population to ensure external validity.

Lourd Yagunov

Reviewer

What is the relationship between internal and external validity?

Internal validity represents the causal relationship between the subject variables in a study, whereas, external validity, containing procedural variables, represents the generalizability of the study and how well it generalize to a particular population.

Jacinto Orte

Reviewer

What is external and internal validity?

Internal validity refers to the degree of confidence that the causal relationship being tested is trustworthy and not influenced by other factors or variables. External validity refers to the extent to which results from a study can be applied (generalized) to other situations, groups or events.

Khrystyna Balakaev

Reviewer

Which research design has the highest internal validity?

When it comes to internal validity, experimental designs are often viewed as the ideal---with the "most" ideal being the pretest-posttest randomized control group design.

Yuleisy Rickers

Reviewer

How do confounding variables affect validity?

Confounding variables (aka third variables) are variables that the researcher failed to control, or eliminate, damaging the internal validity of an experiment.