Asked by: Mckenzie Kalimullin
science chemistry

What are 3 physical properties of mercury?

Last Updated: 25th March, 2020

Mercury is a silvery-white, shiny metal, which is liquid at room temperature. Due to its high surface tension, mercury has the ability to wet metals.

Physical Properties.
Temperature (°C) Pressure (Pa) Mercury content in air (mg/m3)
20 0.170 14.06
30 0.391 31.44
100 36.841 2,404.00

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Moreover, what are some of the physical and chemical properties of mercury?

Mercury has a melting point of -38.9oC, a boiling point of 356.7oC, and is the only metal to remain in liquid form at room temperature. Droplets of liquid mercury are shiny and silver-white with a high surface tension, appearing rounded when on flat surfaces.

Subsequently, question is, what property of mercury makes it dangerous? density

Thereof, what are three physical properties of mercury?

The Physical Properties of Mercury are as follows:

  • Color : Silver-White mirror-like appearance.
  • Luster : Mirror like.
  • Conductivity : Good transmission of heat or electricity.
  • Surface Tension : High surface tension.
  • Density : High Density.

What is the chemical structure of Mercury?

Mercury is an element with atomic symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59; a heavy, silvery-white metal, liquid at room temperature, a rather poor conductor of heat and a fair conductor of electricity.

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Is Mercury an acid or base?

Chemical properties
Mercury does not react with most acids, such as dilute sulfuric acid, although oxidizing acids such as concentrated sulfuric acid and nitric acid or aqua regia dissolve it to give sulfate, nitrate, and chloride. Like silver, mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulfide.

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Which is a chemical property?

A chemical property is any of a material's properties that becomes evident during, or after, a chemical reaction; that is, any quality that can be established only by changing a substance's chemical identity. They can also be useful to identify an unknown substance or to separate or purify it from other substances.

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What physical properties does mercury have?

Physical Properties. Mercury is a silvery-white, shiny metal, which is liquid at room temperature. Due to its high surface tension, mercury has the ability to wet metals. When the solubility limit of a metal in mercury is exceeded, mercury still can wet the metal forming a thick silvery amalgam paste.

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Is mercury a liquid?

Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at normal temperatures and pressure. Because of the behavior of the valence electrons, mercury has a low melting point, is a poor electrical and thermal conductor, and doesn't form diatomic mercury molecules in the gas phase.

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Is boiling point a chemical property?

A physical property is a characteristic of a substance that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the substance. Physical properties include color, density, hardness, and melting and boiling points. A chemical property describes the ability of a substance to undergo a specific chemical change.

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Is density a physical property?

DENSITY is a physical property of matter, as each element and compound has a unique density associated with it. Density defined in a qualitative manner as the measure of the relative "heaviness" of objects with a constant volume.

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What is the pH of mercury?

pH Ranges of Chemical compounds
Code Name pH-Max
GHJ Potassium tetrabromo aurate (III) 6.3
HAA (acetato-o)methylmercury 7.8
HAB Methyl (nitrato-o) mercury 8.0
HAC Chloromethylmercury 8.0

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What are the physical properties of matter?

Physical Properties: Physical properties can be observed or measured without changing the composition of matter. Physical properties are used to observe and describe matter. Physical properties include: appearance, texture, color, odor, melting point, boiling point, density, solubility, polarity, and many others.

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Is Mercury magnetic?

At room temperature, the element mercury is not very magnetic at all. It has a very small, negative magnetic susceptibility, meaning that when you put mercury in a magnetic field, it magnetizes just a little tiny bit in the opposite direction. We say that mercury is a weakly diamagnetic substance at room temperature.

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Is mercury soluble in water?

Pure mercury is stable and does not tarnish at ordinary temperatures. It will form alloys with most metals. It is not soluble in water or most other liquids, but will dissolve in lipids (fats and oils). Mercuric chloride is soluble in water, methyl mercury is not.

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Is Mercury a polar molecule?

When you put water in a test tube, adhesion makes the water along the edges move slightly upward and creates a concave meniscus. Liquid mercury, on the other hand, is not polar and therefore not attracted to glass.

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Can you touch mercury?

Mercury is a very toxic or poisonous substance that people can be exposed to in several ways. If it is swallowed, like from a broken thermometer, it mostly passes through your body and very little is absorbed. If you touch it, a small amount may pass through your skin, but not usually enough to harm you.

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Is Mercury flammable?

Mercury is non-combustible. The agent itself does not burn, but it may react upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive, and/or toxic gases.

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Does mercury react with water?

Mercury does not react with water. Mercury can react with oxygen molecules at high temperatures, so if the water were to be chemically altered, such as through electrolysis, the mercury could bond and form a salt.

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Why is Mercury heavy?

Mercury is really heavy, as it weighs 13.6 times as much as the same volume of water, according to CNR. Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature.

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What does Mercury smell like?

Mercury is a shiny, silvery liquid metal that can cause serious health problems. Liquid mercury vaporizes (evaporates) at room temperature causing elevated levels of mercury in indoor air. Mercury vapor is not irritating and has no odor, so people do not know when they are breathing it.

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Where is mercury used in everyday life?

Today, mercury is used for the manufacture of industrial chemicals and for electrical and electronic applications. It can be found in meteorological equipment like thermometers and barometers. Gaseous mercury is used in mercury-vapor lamps which light highways at night.

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Is Mercury a metalloid?

Mercury does not have any semiconducting properties. No, it is not thought of as such. The elements commonly recognised as metalloids are semiconductors (boron, silicon, germanium, tellurium) or known in semiconducting forms (arsenic, antimony). Mercury does not have any semiconducting properties.

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What are the functions of mercury?

Mercury can be used to make thermometers, barometers and other scientific instruments. Mercury conducts electricity and is used to make silent, position dependent switches. Mercury vapor is used in streetlights, fluorescent lamps and advertising signs.