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Accordingly, what are proteins in genetics?
Most genes contain the information needed tomakefunctional molecules called proteins. (A few genesproduceother molecules that help the cell assembleproteins.) Thejourney from gene to protein is complexand tightlycontrolled within each cell. (Amino acids are thebuilding blocksof proteins.)
One may also ask, what is DNA and protein structure? Within chromosomes, DNA is held in complexeswithstructural proteins. These proteins organizetheDNA into a compact structure called chromatin.Thehistones form a disk-shaped complex called a nucleosome,whichcontains two complete turns of double-stranded DNAwrappedaround its surface.
Considering this, is DNA made of proteins?
DNA tells a cell how to makeproteinsthrough the genetic code. Both DNA andproteins arelong molecules made from strings ofshorter building blocks.While DNA is made ofnucleotides, proteins aremade of amino acids, a groupof 20 different chemicals withnames like alanine, arginine, andserine.
What is the difference between proteins and DNA?
Functionally, DNA maintainstheprotein-encoding information, whereas RNA usestheinformation to enable the cell to synthesize theparticularprotein. a.1 Differences between DNA andRNA Notes:DNA stores the genetic information, where as RNAuses theinformation to help the cell producestheprotein.