Asked by: Abdona Ciotti
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What are the boundaries of South America?

Last Updated: 15th March, 2020

South America is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the northwest and north, the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast, east, and southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. In the northwest it is joined to North America by the Isthmus of Panama, a land bridge narrowing to about 50 miles (80 km) at one point.

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Also to know is, what is considered South America?

Geographically, South America is generally considered a continent forming the southern portion of the landmass of the Americas, south and east of the Panama–Colombia border by most authorities, or south and east of the Panama Canal by some. The Caribbean territories are grouped with North America.

Subsequently, question is, what are the 4 regions of South America?

  • Four Regions of South America.
  • Label the South American Map.
  • Lightly Color the 4 regions as follows:
  • Brazil ? Green.
  • North Coast (Caribbean South America) ? Orange (Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana)
  • Andean Countries ? Purple (Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile)
  • South ? Yellow (Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina)

In respect to this, what are the main physical features of South America?

South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains. Mountains and coastal plains generally run in a north-south direction, while highlands and river basins generally run in an east-west direction.

Where does South America begin?

The border between North America and South America is at some point on the Isthmus of Panama. The most common demarcation in atlases and other sources follows the Darién Mountains watershed divide along the Colombia-Panama border where the isthmus meets the South American continent.

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What is South America famous for?

South America is famous for cocaine, potatoes, fernet, ice fields, Gabriel García Marquez, micro-basurales, cocaine, Mario Vargas Llosa, coffee, the Golden Lancehead Viper, cocaine, Jorge Amado, trees, warfare with the neighbours, the Putumayo Spindle Snake, cocaine, Jorge Luis Borges, guanacos, cannibals, Antonio

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What is unique about South America?

South America is one of the most biodiverse continents on earth. South America is home to many interesting and unique species of animals including the llama, anaconda, piranha, jaguar, vicuña, and tapir. The Amazon rainforests possess high biodiversity, containing a major proportion of the Earth's species.

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What's the smallest country in South America?

The Smallest Countries in South America
  1. Suriname - 163,820 sq km. Suriname's territory covers an area of 63,252 square miles to become the smallest state in South America.
  2. Uruguay - 181,034 sq km. Uruguay is South America's smallest nation with an area of 69,898 square miles.
  3. Guyana - 214,969 sq km.
  4. Ecuador - 276,841 sq km.
  5. Paraguay - 406,750 sq km.

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Is South America safe?

Safety overview of South America
If you're a fan of statistics then you may find it interesting to learn that, generally speaking, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile and Ecuador are considered the safest countries for tourists to visit whilst a few issues have been sporadically reported in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Peru.

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What tectonic plates make up South America?

Introduction. South American plate is a relatively large sized plate located below the continent, South America. South American plate is bounded by African plate in the east, Nazca plate in the west, Antarctic plate and Scotia plate in the south, and Caribbean plate and North American plate in the north.

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Who found South America?

Christopher Columbus

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How did South America get its name?

America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer who set forth the then revolutionary concept that the lands that Christopher Columbus sailed to in 1492 were part of a separate continent.

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What are 5 facts about South America?

General Facts about South America
  • Total Population: 428 million people.
  • Largest city: Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  • Life expectancy: 72 (males) 79 (females)
  • Highest Mountain: Aconcagua (6962 meters above the sea)
  • Land area: 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 square miles)
  • Largest Lake: Lake Titicaca.
  • Longest River: Amazon River.

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What are the two best known features of South America?

They are included in Section 5.4 "The Caribbean" on the Caribbean and are more often associated with Middle America. The main two physical features of South America are the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River.

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What are the human features of South America?

  • Population Density. 57 people per square kilometer.
  • Largest Watershed. Amazon River (7 million square kilometers/2.72 million square miles)
  • Highest Elevation. Aconcagua, Argentina (6,901 meters/22,641 feet)
  • Largest Urban Area. Sao Paulo, Brazil (20.4 million people)

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What are the major cash crops grown in South America?

Many crops thrive in the tropical climates of South America. Cashews and Brazil nuts are cultivated. Fruits such as avocado, pineapple, papaya, and guava are also native to tropical South America. Two very important cash crops are coffee and cacao, which is the source of cocoa, the base ingredient in chocolate.

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What are the biomes in South America?

There are 11 biomes in south America. There are Marine Rainforest,Alphine,Deset, Savannas,Grassland,Chaparral,DesertscrubFreshwater and Deciduous Desert.

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What are natives of South America called?

The indigenous peoples of South America are the Pre-Columbian peoples of South America and their descendants. These peoples contrast with South Americans of European ancestry and those of African descent. In Spanish, indigenous people are often referred to as indígenas or pueblos indígenas (lit. indigenous peoples).

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What part of South America is farthest south?

South America. Southernmost point can be either: Águila Islet, Diego Ramírez Islands, Chile (56°32′16″S 68°43′10″W), or, if the South Sandwich Islands are included as part of South America: Cook Island, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (59°29′20″S 27°8′40″W)

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Who controls South America?

During the first decade of the 21st century, South American governments have drifted to the political left, with leftist leaders being elected in Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela.

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When did South America take the form it has today?

Generally speaking, the form of South America was largely set 140 million years ago with the breakup of Pangaea, and the creation of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

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How do the Andes Mountains impact South America?

The Andes Mountains are one of the longest mountain ranges on Earth. The Andes form a huge barrier between the eastern Pacific Ocean and the rest of the continent of South America. This barrier impacts the climate of South America. The northern part of the Andes is typically rainy and warm.

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What region is considered Latin America?

Latin America generally refers to territories in the Americas where the Spanish, Portuguese or French languages prevail: Mexico, most of Central and South America, and in the Caribbean, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Puerto Rico.