Asked by: Artus Laspiur
medical health skin and dermatology

What are the chances of melanoma recurrence?

Last Updated: 5th March, 2020

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Patients with melanoma are also at risk of recurrence of their original cancer. Second primary melanomas develop at a rate of approximately 0.5 percent per year for the first five years and at a lower rate thereafter. The incidence of a second primary tumor is especially high in patients aged 15 to 39 or 65 to 79.

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Beside this, how likely is melanoma to come back?

Melanoma is most likely to return within the first 5 years of treatment. If you remain melanoma free for 10 years, it's less likely that the melanoma will return. But it's not impossible. Studies show that melanoma can return 10, 15, and even 25 years after the first treatment.

Secondly, what does a melanoma recurrence look like? When melanomas recur, they usually do so by appearing as lumps beneath the skin, often around where the melanoma was growing, or further up the limb, or as lumps in the lymph nodes. This means that they don't look like the original melanoma.

Then, does melanoma always recur?

Recurrence of Melanoma. When melanoma comes back after it has been treated, it is called a recurrence. Recurrent melanoma may appear locally (at or near the site of the original primary melanoma tumor), or in another part of the body. Melanoma can come back as many as 10 or more years after it was first treated.

Is it common to have more than one melanoma?

SAN DIEGO — The chances of a patient's developing multiple primary melanomas over a lifetime is a real phenomenon, with an incidence ranging from 2% to 8% among patients who have had a first melanoma, or an average of about 5%.

Related Question Answers

Antal Aullon

Professional

Does melanoma return in the same spot?

The chances of your melanoma coming back depend on its stage. Those who have had melanoma are at greater risk for developing another melanoma. It can return in the same spot or elsewhere on your body, even 10 years after initial treatment.

Onesimo Kampfer

Professional

Why do I keep getting melanoma?

It's likely that a combination of factors, including environmental and genetic factors, causes melanoma. Still, doctors believe exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and from tanning lamps and beds is the leading cause of melanoma.

Kuldip Nasonov

Professional

How long does it take for melanoma to spread to organs?

It can become life-threatening in as little as six weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly dangerous form of melanoma that looks different from common melanomas.

Neide Hoffschmidt

Explainer

Can melanoma disappear by itself?

Melanoma can go away on its own. Melanoma on the skin can spontaneously regress, or begin to, without any treatment.

Santi Amfaldern

Explainer

Why does melanoma keep coming back?

How can a returning melanoma appear in a new place? Melanoma spreads when cancer cells break off from the original melanoma. When the cells break off, they may stay where they are or travel to another part of the body. Because the cancer cells are from the original melanoma, the cancer is said to have returned.

Elisandra Debruijn

Explainer

Can you live a long life with melanoma?

Fortunately, most cases of melanoma are caught early enough that only surgery is needed to cure the disease. The five-year survival rate of people with melanoma is 91 percent, meaning that this percentage of people are alive five years after their melanoma is diagnosed.

Tareixa Aichwald

Pundit

What stage is recurrent melanoma?

Recurrent melanoma cancer
Lymph node recurrence develops in the lymph node(s) in the area nearest your original melanoma tumor. It's considered distant recurrence when melanoma cells enter the bloodstream and develop into tumors at another location in the body.

Camino Gittel

Pundit

How many years can you live with melanoma?

The overall average 5-year survival rate for all patients with melanoma is 92%. This means 92 of every 100 people diagnosed with melanoma will be alive in 5 years. In the very early stages the 5-year survival rate is 99%.

Ibrahim Agnelli

Pundit

How often does melanoma in situ recur?

If a melanoma is going to recur, it will usually recur within the first two to five years after the original diagnosis and treatment. Patients having a local recurrence are strongly at risk of recurrence elsewhere in the body.

Eugeniya Saraguro

Pundit

How can you prevent skin cancer from coming back?

No matter what type of skin cancer you had, follow these tips to keep the cancer from coming back:
  1. Keep all follow-up appointments.
  2. Do a self-exam to check for skin cancer at least once a month.
  3. Avoid sun exposure.
  4. Put about two tablespoons of sunscreen on your skin 30 minutes before going out in the sun.

Saaida Ugidos

Pundit

Can you go in the sun after melanoma?

If you've had melanoma, you should avoid spending too long in the sun. Use a product with at least an SPF of 15 and apply generously. For continued protection you need to re apply sunscreen regularly while in the sun. Using suncreen does not mean you can safely sunbathe.

Adulfo Geerlings

Teacher

Does skin cancer always come back?

After being removed, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the skin does recur at some other spot on the body in about 40% of people. Routine skin examinations can find repeat cancers while they are still small.

Mireilla Camurca

Teacher

What other cancers are linked to melanoma?

The most common second cancers after melanoma were breast, prostate, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Over the span of the study, doctors diagnosed 1,156 female breast cancers, 2,200 prostate cancers and 481 non-Hodgkin's lymphomas among the more than 89,000 melanoma survivors.

Ganesh Goja

Teacher

What percentage of people spread melanoma?

Superficial spreading melanoma — About 70 percent of patients diagnosed with melanoma have this common form. This type of cancer tends to enlarge gradually on the surface of the skin before growing into deeper layers of skin. Nodular melanomas — This type comprises 15 percent of melanomas.

Recesvinto El Khatib

Teacher

What foods to avoid if you have melanoma?

Studies have found that higher intake of retinol-rich foods, such as fish, milk, eggs, dark green leafy vegetables, and orange/yellow fruits and vegetables led to a 20 percent reduced risk of developing melanoma.

Sohayla Bodensteiner

Reviewer

Does Melanoma go away and come back?

Most melanomas are successfully treated with surgery. Sometimes melanoma cells can remain, and in some people the melanoma might come back – sometimes many years later. The clusters are in the same area as the original melanoma, but a bit further away. Doctors sometimes call these satellite or in-transit lesions.

Irineo Celinho

Reviewer

Where is melanoma most likely to spread?

The most common places melanoma spreads to are the: lungs. liver. bones.

Nadezhda Jahnsmuller

Reviewer

How do you know if melanoma has returned?

You should see your doctor if you find any new lump or change in your skin. You should also report any new symptoms (for example, pain, cough, fatigue, loss of appetite) that don't go away. Melanoma can sometimes come back many years after it was first treated.

Aja Satyavrat

Reviewer

What happens if you are diagnosed with melanoma?

If you've been diagnosed with melanoma, you've already had a skin biopsy. This is where melanoma usually goes when it begins to spread. It usually travels to the lymph nodes closest to the melanoma. If there is a risk the cancer could have spread, your dermatologist may recommend that you have a lymph node biopsy.