Asked by: Bouchara Babeshkinscience geology
What are the characteristics of a useful index fossil?
Last Updated: 12th May, 2020
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Considering this, what are three characteristics of a good index fossil?
A good index fossil is one with fourcharacteristics: it is distinctive, widespread, abundant,and limited in geologic time. Because most fossil-bearingrocks formed in the ocean, the major index fossils aremarine organisms. That being said, certain land organisms areuseful in young rocks and specific regions.
One may also ask, how do you identify an index fossil? Identify Index Fossils
- They know it is about the same age as any other rock layersthat contain the same index fossil.
- * An index fossil must have lived for a relatively short periodof time an in many place.
- If geologists identify an index fossil in a rock layer, theycan be pretty sure of the age of the rock layer in which it wasfound.
Subsequently, one may also ask, what is an index fossil used for?
Index fossils (also known as guide fossilsor indicator fossils) are fossils used to define andidentify geologic periods (or faunal stages). Index fossilsmust have a short vertical range, wide geographic distribution andrapid evolutionary trends.
What is an index fossil example?
Index fossils are commonly found, widelydistributed fossils that are limited in time span.Examples of index fossils include: Ammonites werecommon during the Mesozoic Era (245 to 65 mya), They were not foundafter the Cretaceous period, as they went extinct during the K-Textinction (65 mya).