Asked by: Madeline Urigoitia
family and relationships parenting children aged 4 11

What are the criteria for narcissistic personality disorder?

Last Updated: 26th February, 2020

People with the disorder can:
  • Have an exaggerated sense of self-importance.
  • Have a sense of entitlement and require constant, excessive admiration.
  • Expect to be recognized as superior even without achievements that warrant it.
  • Exaggerate achievements and talents.

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Herein, what are the 9 traits of a narcissist?

9 official criteria for NPD

  • grandiose sense of self-importance.
  • preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love.
  • belief they're special and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people or institutions.

Beside above, how do you outsmart a narcissist? Here are the steps you should take:

  1. Don't argue about 'right' and 'wrong'
  2. Instead, try to empathise with their feelings.
  3. Use 'we' language.
  4. Don't expect an apology.
  5. Ask about a topic that interests them.
  6. Don't take the bait yourself.
  7. Remember to put yourself first.

Also to know is, what causes narcissism?

Causes of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD)

  • insensitive parenting.
  • over-praising and excessive pampering - when parents focus intensely on a particular talent or the physical appearance of their child as a result of their own self-esteem issues.
  • unpredictable or negligent care.
  • excessive criticism.
  • abuse.
  • trauma.
  • extremely high expectations.

How do you diagnose narcissistic personality disorder?

Diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder typically is based on:

  1. Signs and symptoms.
  2. A physical exam to make sure you don't have a physical problem causing your symptoms.
  3. A thorough psychological evaluation that may include filling out questionnaires.

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