Asked by: Visnu Ahlbornmedical health lung and respiratory health
What are the histological and functional difference between the upper and lower airways?
Last Updated: 7th March, 2020
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Considering this, what is the difference between the upper and lower respiratory system?
The upper airways or upper respiratory tract includes the nose and nasal passages, paranasal sinuses, the pharynx, and the portion of the larynx above the vocal folds (cords). The lower airways or lower respiratory tract includes the portion of the larynx below the vocal folds, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles.
Similarly, what structural and functional features are different in the upper and lower respiratory systems? structurally different: upper respiratory system contains the nose, pharynx, and associated structures, the lower respiratory system consists of larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
Moreover, what divides the upper and lower airway?
The nasal cavity, pharynx, and larynx make up the upper respiratory tract. The trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli constitute the lower respiratory tract. The trachea divides into two branches, which lead to the bronchi.
What are the functions of the upper airway?
The upper airway not only provides a passage for air to be breathed in and out of the lungs, but it also heats, humidifies and filters the air and is involved in cough, swallowing and speech.