Asked by: Guasimara Ludicke
medical health bone and joint conditions

What are the landmarks of the femur?

Last Updated: 7th March, 2020

Landmarks for the proximal femur included: the greater and lesser trochanters, the femoral head with fovea capitus, and the gluteal tuberosity to the intertrochanteric line/crest.

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Simply so, what is the bony landmark of the femur?

The lesser trochanter is a small, bony prominence that lies on the medial aspect of the femur, just below the neck. A single, powerful muscle attaches to the lesser trochanter. Running between the greater and lesser trochanters on the anterior side of the femur is the roughened intertrochanteric line.

Subsequently, question is, where is the femur located on the body? The femur is the only bone located within the human thigh. It is both the longest and the strongest bone in the human body, extending from the hip to the knee.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what are the parts of the femur?

The femur is the only bone in the thigh and the longest bone in the body. It acts as the site of origin and attachment of many muscles and ligaments, and can be divided into three parts; proximal, shaft and distal.

What happens if you break your femur?

If the femur is not set properly, there's a chance the leg will become shorter than the other one and may cause hip or knee pain many years later. Poor alignment of the femur bone may also be painful. Peripheral damage. The break may also injure the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves of the leg.

Related Question Answers

Benedicto Solano


What is the function of femur?

The femur is the longest bone in the human skeleton. It functions in supporting the weight of the body and allowing motion of the leg. The femur articulates proximally with the acetabulum of the pelvis forming the hip joint, and distally with the tibia and patella to form the knee joint.

Gra├ža Navaza


How painful is a broken femur?

A femoral shaft fracture usually causes immediate, severe pain. You will not be able to put weight on the injured leg, and it may look deformed—shorter than the other leg and no longer straight.

Niels Baleztena


Can you die from a broken femur?

A femoral shaft fracture in isolation should not cause death. Yet a patient with a femoral fracture can die from this injury. Recall that bone is vascular and fractures let marrow contents (fat especially) out into the circulation. Fat could embolize to the brain or the lungs.

Shavonda Navia


What are the major features of the proximal portion of the femur?

The major features of the proximal portion of the femur are the head, the neck, and the greater and lesser trochanters.

Paloma Chekin


What is the top of the femur called?

At the top of the femur is a rounded protrusion which articulates with the pelvis. This portion is referred to as the head of the femur, or femoral head. There are two other protrusions near the top of the femur, known as the greater and lesser trochanters.

Moad Bodden


How many bones are there in leg?

Bones of the leg, ankle and foot: There are 62 lower extremity bones. They consist of 10 hip and leg, 14 ankle and 38 foot bones. The 10 hip and leg bones are the innominate or hip bone (fusion of the ilium, ischium, and pubis), femur, tibia, fibula, and patella (kneecap) on each side.

Merrill Guneratne


What muscles attach to the femur?

Muscles of the Femur
  • Iliacus muscle Insert into the lesser trochanter of the femur.
  • Psoas major muscle Insert into the lesser trochanter.
  • Gluteus maximus muscle Insert into the gluteal tuberosity.
  • Gluteus medius muscle Insert into the lateral surface of the greater trochanter of the femur.

Niall Pulleiro


What is femur in biology?

Femur. (Science: anatomy) The large bone in the thigh that articulates with the pelvis above and the knee below.

Remedio Vitem


What is the weakest bone in the human body?

Lacrimal bone. The lacrimal bone is perhaps the most fragile bone of the face and one of the smallest bones in the body. Spanning between the middle of each eye socket, each lacrimal is thin and scalelike and serves as support for the eye. The pair of lacrimal bones are two of the fourteen facial bones.

Jayson Iratzeburu


Why is femur strongest bone in body?

The thigh bone is the strongest, heaviest, and longest bone in our body. It is a major part of the appendicular skeleton and it's strongest bone in our body because it holds up all of your body weight during any activity except sitting.

Arturas Muklevich


Where is the weakest point of the femur?

Because of the way the head of the femur attaches to the side of the shaft, the neck is the weakest point and most prone to a break.

Danuta Galve


How do you know which side of your body is the femur?

Hold the bone so that the head is on top and the trochanters are on the BACK side of the bone. If the head faces left – it is a left femur.

Kory Calleja


How do you identify the femur bone?

Because humans walk upright, the thigh bone, otherwise known as the femur, is the longest, strongest bone in the body. On the other hand, the femur will be the same length as other bones in animals. Look for the long bone starting just above the knee and extending up towards the pelvis.

Stanislas Echarren-Zia


What is the bottom of the femur called?

The distal femur is where the bone flares out like an upside-down funnel. The distal femur is the area of the leg just above the knee joint. Distal femur fractures most often occur either in older people whose bones are weak, or in younger people who have high energy injuries, such as from a car crash.

Aristoteles Altaba


Which leg bone is the femur?

The lower leg is comprised of two bones, the tibia and the smaller fibula. The thigh bone, or femur, is the large upper leg bone that connects the lower leg bones (knee joint) to the pelvic bone (hip joint).

Hagen Darghal


What are the long term effects of a broken femur?

Long-term symptoms after fracture include muscular weakness, limited standing and walking, gait abnormalities, some intermittent pain, and inability to return to preinjury work. Surgical management is rarely needed to treat femoral stress fractures; however, surgical stabilization is recommended for recalcitrant cases.

Ross Diallo


Can you walk with a fractured femur?

It is very rare for anyone to be able to walk on a broken thigh bone and it shouldn't be attempted. The leg is often unstable and does not move as one. Usually, the fractured leg will be shorter than the other one and distorted. There will be swelling and tenderness at the site of the fracture.

Renaldo Battgen


Can you fracture your femur and still walk?

Sometimes, a really bad complete fracture will not be able to carry weight or otherwise function properly. Most of the time, however, fractures can indeed support weight. The patient can probably even walk on a broken leg—it just hurts like the dickens.

So Eidelstein


When can I walk after femur surgery?

Most people who receive specialized treatment for a femur fracture are admitted in a long-term nursing or rehabilitation facility. Full recovery can take anywhere from 12 weeks to 12 months. Yet, many patients can start walking much earlier with the help of a physical therapist.