Asked by: Lashonda Triay
medical health bone and joint conditions

What are the six external rotators of the hip?

Last Updated: 15th June, 2020

Anatomical terms of muscle
The lateral rotator group is a group of six small muscles of the hip which all externally (laterally) rotate the femur in the hip joint. It consists of the following muscles: Piriformis, gemellus superior, obturator internus, gemellus inferior, quadratus femoris and the obturator externus.

Click to see full answer.

Accordingly, what are external rotators of the hip?

There are five muscles found in the deep gluteal region known as the short external rotators of the hip joint. They include the piriformis, superior and inferior gemelli, obturator internus, and quadratus femoris. Stretching programs have been shown to decrease symptoms relating to posterior hip and buttock pain.

Similarly, what muscles are used for hip external rotation? Hip external rotation muscles

  • the piriformis.
  • the gemellus superior and inferior.
  • the obturator internus and externus.
  • the quadratus femoris.
  • the gluteus maximus, medius, and minimus.
  • the psoas major and minor.
  • the sartorius.

Keeping this in view, what are the 6 deep external rotators?

The six deep external rotator muscles of your hip are the piriformis, superior gemellus, inferior gemellus, obturator internus, obturator externus, and quadratus femoris.

What are the external rotators?

Infraspinatus & Teres Minor These two muscles lies below the scapular spine and are external rotators of the shoulder. Infraspinatus primarily acts with the arm in neutral and Teres Minor is more active with external rotation in 90 degrees of abduction.

Related Question Answers

Adeela Elizondo


How do you stretch your hip rotator?

Internal hip rotator stretch
Lift the right leg and place the right ankle on the left thigh with the right knee pointing out to the side. Gently press down on the right thigh with one hand until you feel resistance. Lean forward slightly at the hips, keeping the back straight. Slowly breathe out while doing this.

Adele Katzenelenbaum


Where is the abductor muscle located?

The abductor muscle group is located on the lateral side of the thigh and moves the thigh away from the body's midline. These muscles include the piriformis, superior gemellus, inferior gemellus, tensor fasciae latae, sartorius, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus muscles.

Ibane Kerejeta


What are symptoms of tight hip flexors?

Symptoms of hip flexor strain
  • sudden, sharp pain in the hip or pelvis after trauma to the area.
  • a cramping or clenching sensation in the muscles of the upper leg area.
  • the upper leg feeling tender and sore.
  • loss of strength in the front of the groin along with a tugging sensation.
  • muscle spasms in the hip or thighs.

Anika Oberstrass


Why does my hip keep rotating?

It occurs when the pelvis rotates backward, causing the front to rise and the back to drop. It is caused by lengthening of the hip flexors and shortening of the hip extensors. As with anterior pelvic tilt, sitting for long periods of time, inactivity, and poor posture all contribute to posterior pelvic tilt.

Laurencia Ayns


What are the lateral rotators of the hip?

The lateral rotators are: the superior gemellus, inferior gemellus, obturator externus, obturator internus, quadratus femoris, and the piriformis. These muscles all originate on the pelvic area and insert onto the greater trochanter of the femur.

Olga Ayoso


What is normal hip external rotation?

Hip internal and external rotations occur along the same axis. The ranges of motion of the two movements are both 45°. This means that methods (1) and (2) use 90° flexion of both the hip and knee, while methods (3) and (4) use 0° hip extension and 90° knee flexion.

Taina Pedrosa


What muscle rotates the leg outward?

The lateral rotator group of muscles (externus and internus obturators, the piriformis, the superior and inferior gemelli, and the quadratus femoris) turns the anterior surface of the femur outward. This motion is aided by the gluteus maximus and the adductor magnus.

Ramil Gerbecks


Which gluteal muscle medially rotates the hip?

Medial rotation is performed by the gluteus medius and gluteus minimus, as well as the tensor fasciae latae and assisted by the adductors brevis and longus and the superior portion of the adductor magnus.

Celena Turupanov


Does the gluteus maximus laterally rotate the thigh?

The gluteus maximus muscle can extend the thigh from a flexed position when the pelvis is fixed. It also helps in strong lateral rotation of the thigh. Its upper fibers are active in strong abduction at the hip. This muscle is innervated by the inferior gluteal nerve (L5 to S2).

Georgianna Urgell


Which gluteal muscle laterally rotates the hip?

The muscles that work together to laterally rotate your hip are referred to as the lateral rotators, and they include the piriformis, gemellus superior, obterator internus, gemellus inferior, obturator externus, and quadratus femoris.

Alodia Leria


Which muscles flex the hip and laterally rotate the thigh?

Sartorius helps the flex, abduct and laterally rotate the thigh at the hip joint. It also aids in the flexion of the knee joint, helping medial rotation of the leg in this position. The quadriceps include four large muscles, rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis and vastus intermedius.

Pepi Zannetti


What nerves innervate the hip joint?

The hip joint is innervated primarily by the sciatic, femoral and obturator nerves. These same nerves innervate the knee, which explains why pain can be referred to the knee from the hip and vice versa. Fig 2 – The medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries are the major blood supply to the hip joint.

Duryodhana Betriu


What are the deep rotators of hip?

There are 6 external rotators of the hip – piriformis, gemellus superior, obturator internus, gemellus, inferior, obturator externus, and quadrates femoris.

Mohammed Moidu


Why can't I sit with my legs crossed?

Sitting with your legs crossed won't cause a medical emergency. However, it can cause a temporary increase in your blood pressure and lead to poor posture. For optimum health, try to avoid sitting in any one position, whether you cross your legs or not, for long periods of time.

Proculo Thaysen


How do you strengthen your outer hip?

Hip-Strengthening Exercises:
  1. Bulgarian Split Squat — 12-15 reps each leg.
  2. Step Up to Reverse Lunge — 12-15 reps each leg.
  3. Dumbbell Sumo Squat — 8-10 reps each leg.
  4. Kickstand Romanian Deadlift — 5-8 reps each leg.
  5. Explosive Sprinters Lunge — 5-8 reps each leg.
  6. Banded Jump Squat — 5-8 reps each leg.
  7. Kettlebell Swing — 10-12 reps.
  8. Lateral Lunge — 10-12 reps.

Henda Formanns


How do you measure hip muscle strength?

Test 1: The Glute Bridge
The first is a test for hip strength. By doing a “glute bridge” exercise, then slowly lifting up one leg, putting it down, and then lifting up the other, you can check how stable your pelvis is when it must be supported by your hip abductor and external rotator muscles.

Baltasara Schultheiss


What muscles internally rotate hips?

Hip internal rotation muscles
  • the tensor fasciae latae (outer hip)
  • parts of the gluteus medius and the gluteus minimus (upper buttocks)
  • the adductor longus, brevis, and magnus (inner thigh)
  • the pectineus (upper frontal thigh)

Honorato Marcer


What muscles does external rotation work?

The external rotation exercise targets the infraspinatus muscle which is a very important muscle of the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff muscles help to provide some stability for the shoulder joint. The main function of the infraspinatus muscle is to rotate the humerus, or long arm bone, away from the body.

Laina Cantin


What muscle is responsible for external rotation?

The prime muscle groups that externally rotate the glenohumeral joint are the posterior deltoid, infraspinatus, and teres minor.