Asked by: Lamar Volonte
science chemistry

What are the three types of saturated hydrocarbons?

Last Updated: 12th April, 2020

Aliphatic hydrocarbons are dividedintothree main groups according to the types ofbondsthey contain: alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes.

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Simply so, what types of hydrocarbons are saturated?

Saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest ofthehydrocarbon species. They are composed entirely ofsinglebonds and are saturated with hydrogen. The formulaforacyclic saturated hydrocarbons (i.e., alkanes)isCnH2n+2. Themostgeneral form of saturated hydrocarbonsisCnH2n+2(1-r),wherer is the number of rings.

Likewise, what are the 4 types of hydrocarbons? Hydrocarbons. The term HYDROCARBONSmeansorganic compounds which contain only carbon and hydrogen. Byusingthis definition, four classes of hydrocarbonsareincluded: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and aromatic. SATURATEDmeansthat each carbon is bonded to four other atomsthroughsingle covalent bonds.

Similarly, you may ask, what is meant by saturated hydrocarbons?

Saturated hydrocarbons are molecules withonlysingle bonds. They consist of a carbon atom bonded to amaximumnumber of hydrogen atoms. Alkanes are saturatedhydrocarbonsand classified as a type of aliphatichydrocarbon. Eachsingle bond in a saturatedhydrocarbon is a covalentbond.

How do you know if a hydrocarbon is saturated?

Unlike saturated hydrocarbons in whichallhydrogen atoms and carbon atoms are bonded together withsinglebonds, unsaturated hydrocarbons have double or eventriplebonds between the carbon atoms.

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Why saturated hydrocarbons are not good for health?

Saturated hydrocarbon have only sigma bonds,whichare very stable and difficult to break and hence theseareunreactive. In saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes),thepercentage of carbon is lower which gets easily oxidised inoxygenof the air to form CO2 completely hence do not producesootyflame.

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What does it mean when a molecule is saturated?

This chemistry definition refers toasaturated compound. A saturated substance is oneinwhich the atoms are linked by single bonds. Afullysaturated compound contains no double or triplebonds.Alternatively, if a molecule contains double ortriplebonds, it is considered to be unsaturated.

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What elements make up all hydrocarbons?

Hydrocarbon, any of a class oforganicchemical compounds composed only of the elementscarbon (C)and hydrogen (H). The carbon atoms join together toform theframework of the compound, and the hydrogen atomsattach to them inmany different configurations.

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What are the physical properties of saturated hydrocarbons?

Physical properties ofsaturatedhydrocarbons.
Saturated hydrocarbons are not soluble inwaterand have lower densities than water. Melting and boilingpointsincrease with increasing carbon chain length orringsize.

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How do you identify an alkene?

A simple test with bromine water can be used to tellthedifference between an alkane and an alkene. Analkenewill turn brown bromine water colourless as thebromine reacts withthe carbon-carbon double bond. In fact thisreaction will occur forunsaturated compounds containingcarbon-carbon doublebonds.

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Why alkane is saturated hydrocarbon?

The alkanes are a homologous seriesofhydrocarbon molecules (made of carbon and hydrogenatoms).Alkanes are referred to as'saturated'hydrocarbons because they do NOT contain acarbon C=C carbondouble bond and other atoms cannot add toalkanemolecules.

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What is alkane group?

Alkanes are organic compounds thatconsistentirely of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms and lackanyother functional groups. Alkanes have thegeneralformula CnH2n+2 and can be subdivided into the followingthreegroups: the linear straight-chain alkanes,branchedalkanes, and cycloalkanes.

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Why are alkanes unreactive?

Alkanes are generallyunreactive.Alkanes contain strong carbon-carbonsingle bonds and strongcarbon-hydrogen bonds. Alkanes can beburned, destroying theentire molecule, alkanes can reactwith some of thehalogens, breaking carbon-hydrogen bonds, andalkanes cancrack by breaking the carbon-carbonbonds.

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Which hydrocarbon is most reactive?

Hydrocarbons that have a triple bond betweentwocarbon atoms are called alkynes. These are themostreactive. Electron-poor molecules react at the pi bondofalkynes.

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Is sugar a hydrocarbon?

A hydrocarbon is a molecule with ONLY hydrogenandcarbon; sugar has oxygen. Sugar is acarbohydrate;hydrogen, carbon and oxygen.

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Is benzene a hydrocarbon?

Benzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon,whichis a chemical compound consisting of carbon and hydrogen atomswithalternating double bonds forming a ring.

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Is alcohol a hydrocarbon?

Alcohol is an homologous series in whichthecompounds contain a functional group called the hydroxylgroup(-OH). Alcohols are all derivatives of hydrocarbons inwhichone or more of the hydrogen atoms in the hydrocarbonhavebeen replaced by a hydroxyl group.

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Is petrol saturated or unsaturated?

When two carbon atoms in a hydrocarbon arelinkedtogether by two or more bonds rather than one, the moleculeistermed unsaturated. All alkanes are saturated,whichmeans they only contain single bonds between all carbonatoms.Alkanes are the basis of petroleum fuels and are foundinlinear and branched forms.

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Is oil a hydrocarbon?

DEFINITION of Hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon is an organic chemicalcompoundcomposed exclusively of hydrogen and carbonatoms.Hydrocarbon molecules naturally occur and are found incrudeoil, natural gas, coal and other important sourcesofenergy.

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Is coal a hydrocarbon?

Hydrocarbon resources are resources thatcontainhydrocarbon molecules which means it consists bothhydrogenand carbon. Hydrocarbon resources are often known asfossilfuels (natural gas, oil, and coal) sincehydrocarbonsare the primary constituent inthese.

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What is heavy hydrocarbon?

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