Asked by: Nadene Taltavull
medical health brain and nervous system disorders

What are the two principal cell types of the nervous system along with their functions?

Last Updated: 3rd April, 2020

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Cells of the Nervous System. There are two broad classes of cells in the nervous system: neurons, which process information, and glia, which provide the neurons with mechanical and metabolic support. Three general categories of neurons are commonly recognized (Peters, Palay, & Webster, 1976).

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Just so, what are the two types of nerve cells?

Nerve Cells[edit] The cells of the nervous system are generally of two types, neurons or glial cells, with each contributing different functions to the nervous system. Neurons act to receive, sustain, and transmit electrochemical signals throughout the nervous system, that is from one neuron to another.

Furthermore, what are the two types of cells in the brain and what are their functions? The brain and spinal cord are made up of many cells, including neurons and glial cells. Neurons are cells that send and receive electro-chemical signals to and from the brain and nervous system. There are many more glial cells; they provide support functions for the neurons, and are far more numerous than neurons.

In this regard, what are the types of cells within the nervous system?

There are two kinds of cells in the nervous system: glial cells and neurons. Glial cells, which make up the support structure of the nervous system, perform four functions: Provide structural support to the neurons. Insulate neurons.

What is the main nerve cell called?

Types of Neurons (Nerve Cells) Cells of the nervous system, called nerve cells or neurons, are specialized to carry "messages" through an electrochemical process. The human brain has approximately 86 billion neurons. Some of the biggest neurons have cell bodies that are 100 microns wide.

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