Asked by: Gleice Agadzhanov
home and garden indoor environmental quality

What causes plastic to expand?

Last Updated: 30th March, 2020

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Plastics are made up of van-der-wallforces(secondary bonding) which is used to join the already presentbonds (primary bonds). The tech details can be found here :José Luis Giordano . So, when the temperature increases, thebonds breaks, which makes the plastic expand.

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Similarly, does plastic expand?

Yes, if a plastic shrinks upon heating, it willusually expand when cooled within that same range. Thisphenomenon is known as negative thermal expansion (NTE), andis seen in other materials besidesplastics/polymers.

does plastic shrink when hot? When reheated, the polymer tends to soften and getgummy, but does not shrink. Certain polymerplastics have the ability to shrink when heated dueto their manufacturing process.

Accordingly, does plastic expand more than metal?

If you're simply asking about the magnitude of thermalexpansion, then plastics typically have a largercoefficient of thermal expansion compared to metals.So, subjected to the same change in temperature, a plasticwill generally expand more (or contract more)than a metal. However, one is plastic and oneis metal.

Does heat cause things to expand or contract?

When a material is heated, the kinetic energy ofthat material increases and its atoms and molecules move aboutmore. This means that each atom will take up more space due to itsmovement so the material will expand.

Related Question Answers

Lyuba Thioune

Professional

Does cold water shrink plastic?

Sufficiently hot water will shrink aplastic bottle, because the bottles are a thermoplastic.When heated to a certain point, the plastic becomes moreplastic, and will deform. This can be seen asshrinking. The reason why water put in a freezerwill pop the top is because water expands when itfreezes.

Sotero Esono

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Does plastic expand when frozen?

No, plastic expands with heat and contracts withcold. This property is called the coefficient of thermalexpansion. All plastic moves to one degree or anotherand it is very important to keep in mind when designing parts.Especially parts of different materials that have very closetolerances.

Mekki Estager

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Does PVC shrink over time?

Shrinkage in PVC tends to be between one and twopercent but can vary based on a number of factors includingmaterial durometer (hardness), gate size, holding pressure, holdingtime, melt temperature, mold wall thickness, moldtemperature, and the percentage and type of additives.

Yajaira Spadaro

Explainer

Does PVC expand in heat?

Like all materials, PVC expands with increasingtemperatures and contracts with decreasing temperatures. Becausethe length-to-diameter ratios of PVC pipe and conduitproducts are generally very large, length change from temperaturevariation is the most noticeable.

Yoshie Gelli

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Does acrylic expand with heat?

All materials expand and contract to a greater orlesser degree due to changes in temperature and humidity.Acrylic sheet is subject to greater dimensional change, dueto thermal expansion and contraction, than other materialswith which it is used in construction.

Peg Lachhein

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Does HDPE expand?

How much does HDPE sheet expand andcontract? Indoor applications experience little to noexpansion as the temperature is constant. HDPEsheet expands more in length than in width, due to its molecularstructure.

Alita Napoletano

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Does Teflon expand when heated?

At about 325° C, Teflon starts tocr.vstallize on cooling and becomes opaque and wax~r in appearance(3). The expansion due to the transitions at 20° and30° C is reversible on heating and cooling if thetempera ture is slowly changed.

Zurine Chursin

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Does nylon expand?

Nylon and Moisture Absorption. Nylonresins absorb moisture from the air. The properties of nylonmoldings are directly affected by the amount of moisture theycontain. Moisture acts as a plasticizer in nylon andtherefore reduces strength and stiffness properties but increaseselongation and toughness.

Saikou Cossio

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Does Aluminium expand more than steel?

(Steel has the same value as iron.) Thecoefficient for aluminum is 2.4, twice that of iron orsteel. This means that an equal temperature change willproduce twice as much change in the length of a bar ofaluminum as for a bar of iron. Lead is among the mostexpansive solid materials, with a coefficient equal to3.0.

ConceiƧao Winklharrer

Pundit

Does water expand when heated?

Solids, liquids and gases expand when heated.Water expands about four percent when heated fromroom temperature to its boiling point. The ocean will expandwhen heated. Depending on what is available, heating thewater can be done at school by using Bunsen burners, a hotplate, or a propane camp unit.

Doha Mogena

Pundit

Does water expand when frozen?

Water is one of the few exceptions to thisbehavior. When liquid water is cooled, it contracts like onewould expect until a temperature of approximately 4 degrees Celsiusis reached. After that, it expands slightly until it reaches thefreezing point, and then when it freezes it expandsby approximately 9%.

Peligros Panta

Teacher

What metal does not expand when heated?

At extremely low temperatures, silicon and germaniumexpand with cooling rather than heating. The effectis called negative thermal expansion. The same applies tocarbon fibres and certain exotic glass-like materials andmetal alloys.

Wilma Westenberg

Teacher

Which metal expands most heated?

Answer and Explanation:
In referring to a table of coefficients of linearexpansion (CLE) for pure metals, one will find thatpotassium metal expands the most as it hasthe

Lakenya Pesquera

Teacher

Does heating metal shrink it?

Many forms of rust contain "chemically bound water" andwill lose that water (and shrink) when heatedsufficiently. Metal arranged in a ring expands outward whenheated.

Ramil Tolg

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Does stainless steel expand when heated?

Stainless doesn't transfer heat as fast asregular steel so you get more effect (expansion ordistortion) where the heat is applied.

Castor Hachero

Reviewer

What is the expansion rate of aluminum?

Thermal Expansion Coefficients at 20 C
Material Fractional expansion per degree C x10^-6 Fractional expansion per degree F x10^-6
Quartz, fused 0.59 0.33
Aluminum 24 13
Brass 19 11
Copper 17 9.4

Ametz Holeva

Reviewer

Does a hole get bigger when heated?

Metals expand when you heat them, so the circleshould expand. There's no real difference between the circle and ahole (of the same size) cut out of it. The circle is, ineffect, the circumference of the hole you put into it. Sothe hole will get larger.

Piere Persaud

Reviewer

Is shrink plastic toxic?

Shrinky Dinks and other shrink plastic crafts aresafe because the oven temperatures are low enough thattoxins like dioxin are not released. Many people see theplastic melting in the oven and worry about harmfulchemicals, but shrink plastic crafts use much lowertemperatures.

Diamantino Coffey

Reviewer

What happens to plastic when heated?

These types of plastics do not soften whenheat is applied, they do not melt. Once enough heathas been applied the primary bonds between the monomers break whichdestroys the crosslinks between the polymers as well as the polymerchains themselves. The plastic degrades andburns.