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What did Arthur Evans find at Knossos?

Last Updated: 19th April, 2020

Sir Arthur Evans, in full Sir Arthur John Evans, (born July 8, 1851, Nash Mills, Hertfordshire, England—died July 11, 1941, Youlbury, near Oxford, Oxfordshire), British archaeologist who excavated the ruins of the ancient city of Knossos in Crete and uncovered evidence of a sophisticated Bronze Age civilization, which

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Furthermore, what was found in the palace of Knossos?

Among the items found in Knossos is a Minoan depiction of a goddess flanked by two lionesses that shows a goddess who appears in many other images. John Davies Evans (no relation to Arthur Evans) undertook further excavations in pits and trenches over the palace, focusing on the Neolithic.

Likewise, what did Arthur Evans call the language and writing found at Knossos? Origin of the Linear A script Late in the 19th century CE, the English archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans published a paper named 'Cretan pictographs and the prae-Phoenician script', based on the study of a number of signs and short inscriptions found on Crete and mainland Greece.

Moreover, what is Arthur Evans famous for?

Sir Arthur John Evans FRS FBA FREng (8 July 1851 – 11 July 1941) was an English archaeologist and pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. He is most famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete.

When did Arthur Evans excavated Knossos?


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What creature is the central element of one of the best preserved frescoes of Knossos?

Unique to Crete is emphasis on the Bull, the central element of one of the best-preserved frescoes at Knossos. Ample archaeological evidence tells us that the Minoans in Crete worshipped female dieties.

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What did Minoans eat?

“During both the Minoan era, and in modern Crete, people consume food from the sea, such as small and large fish, barnacles, cuttlefish and sea snails. They also ate meat from animals they bred or hunted such as goat, sheep, hare, pigs and cattle, while in later Minoan periods they also ate wild deer.

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What ended the Minoan civilization?

Volcanic explosion. Three and a half thousand years ago, the tiny Aegean island of Thera was devastated by one of the worst natural disasters since the Ice Age - a huge volcanic eruption. This cataclysm happened 100km from the island of Crete, the home of the thriving Minoan civilisation.

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What did the Minoans call themselves?

The citizens of Crete were called KOURITES. It is those that help the baby Zeus to hide from his father Cronos. Minos was a son of Zeus and Europe. If U read ancient scripts from Hesiodos to Plotin, Platon, Ploutarch and many many others the Minoans had a “national” name before Minos the famous king.

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Where did the Minoans go?

The Minoan period saw extensive trade between Crete, Aegean, and Mediterranean settlements, particularly the Near East. Through their traders and artists, the Minoans' cultural influence reached beyond Crete to the Cyclades, the Old Kingdom of Egypt, copper-bearing Cyprus, Canaan and the Levantine coast and Anatolia.

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What does bull leaping mean?

Bull-leaping (Ancient Greek: ταυροκαθάψια, taurokathapsia) is a form of non-violent bull fighting based on an ancient ritual involving an acrobat leaping over the back of a charging bull (or cow). It is often interpreted as a depiction of a rite performed in connection with bull worship.

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Where is the labyrinth located?

Labyrinth of Crete

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What was the significance of Heinrich Schliemann and Sir Arthur Evans?

Along with Arthur Evans, Schliemann was a pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. The two men knew of each other, Evans having visited Schliemann's sites. Schliemann had planned to excavate at Knossos but died before fulfilling that dream.

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When did Arthur Evans die?

July 11, 1941

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What do we know about the Minoans?

The Minoans have an important place in world history, as building the first civilization to appear on European soil. Minoan civilization emerged around 2000 BCE, and lasted until 1400 BCE. It was located on the island of Crete, which is now a part of Greece.

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Who discovered Mycenae?

Heinrich Schliemann

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Why is the bull leaping fresco important?

Description. The act of bull-leaping is very significant to Minoan culture for it gives expression to a tension that underlies man's somewhat tenuous mastery of nature. This is reaffirmed each time human triumphs over animal.

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Who discovered the Mycenaean civilization?

The Mycenaean civilization refers to a Bronze Age civilization on mainland Greece, inhabiting the area from around 1600-1100 BCE. The name "Mycenaean" refers to the city of Mycenae, which was excavated by Heinrich Schliemann beginning in 1876.

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Who is Minos in Greek mythology?

In Greek mythology, Minos (/ˈma?n?s, -n?s/; Greek: Μίνως, Minōs) was the first King of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. Every nine years, he made King Aegeus pick seven young boys and seven young girls to be sent to Daedalus's creation, the labyrinth, to be eaten by the Minotaur.

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Which culture did Sir Arthur Evans uncover?

The English archeologist Sir Arthur John Evans (1851-1941) discovered and excavated the most important sites of Minoan civilization in Crete and thus made the greatest single contribution to the knowledge of European and Mediterranean prehistory.

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Who were the Minoans and where did they live?

The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two of the early civilizations that developed in Greece. The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built a huge palace on the island of Crete. The Mycenaeans lived mostly on mainland Greece and were the first people to speak the Greek language.

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Who did the mycenaeans worship?

The Linear B tablets not only confirmed this, but also refined the details. The major gods of classical Greece that were worshipped in Mycenaean Greece included Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hermes, Artemis, Ares, Athena, and Dionysus.

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Did the Minoans have a writing system?

Linear A is a writing system used by the Minoans (Cretans) from 1800 to 1450 BCE to write the hypothesized Minoan language. Linear A was the primary script used in palace and religious writings of the Minoan civilization. It was discovered by archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans. No texts in Linear A have been deciphered.