Asked by: Gerardina Fabrichny
medical health bone and joint conditions

What does cartilage mean in medical terms?

Last Updated: 17th February, 2020

Medical Definition of cartilage
1 : a usually translucent somewhat elastic tissue that composes most of the skeleton of vertebrate embryos and except for a small number of structures (as some joints, respiratory passages, and the external ear) is replaced by bone during ossification in the higher vertebrates.

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In this manner, what is the prefix of cartilage?

chondro- prefix. The definition of chondro means cartilage. An example of chondro is chondroid meaning resembling cartilage.

Also, what is the meaning of cartilage in science? Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue. Cartilage is composed of cells called chondrocytes which are dispersed in a firm gel-like ground substance, called the matrix. Cartilage is avascular (contains no blood vessels) and nutrients are diffused through the matrix.

Considering this, what is another word for cartilage?

Synonyms for cartilage

  • bony process.
  • ossein.
  • osseous matter.

What is cartilage What is its function?

Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in many parts of the body. It can bend a bit, but resists stretching. Its main function is to connect bones together. It is also found in the joints, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the throat and between the bones of the back.

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Lupita Avenarius


Where is cartilage found?

Cartilage is a connective tissue found in many areas of the body including: Joints between bones e.g. the elbows, knees and ankles. Ends of the ribs. Between the vertebrae in the spine.

Etha Aleluia


What word best describes cartilage?

Scientific definitions for cartilage
A strong, flexible connective tissue that is found in various parts of the body, including the joints, the outer ear, and the larynx. During the embryonic development of most vertebrates, the skeleton forms as cartilage before most of it hardens into bone.

Adjou Carrier


Does cartilage grow back?

Although articular cartilage is not capable of regrowing or healing itself, the bone tissue underneath it can. By making small cuts and abrasions to the bone underneath the area of damaged cartilage, doctors stimulate new growth. In some cases, the damaged cartilage is cleared away completely to do this procedure.

Xiomara Arrese


What does the suffix Pathy mean?

Medical Definition of pathy
pathy: A suffix derived from the Greek "pathos" meaning "suffering or disease" that serves as a suffix in many terms including myopathy (muscle disease), neuropathy (nerve disease), retinopathopathy (disease of the retina), sympathy (literally, suffering together), etc.

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What suffix means formation?

-plasia. Definition. -a suffix. -means "condition of formation, development, or growth"

Sanoussy Majety


What is the word root for brain?

cerebellum. cerebr- cerebr- of or pertaining to the brain. Latin cerebrum, brain.

Manssour Lagomazzini


What is the suffix of cancerous?

Cancers are usually named using -carcinoma, -sarcoma or -blastoma as a suffix, with the Latin or Greek word for the organ or tissue of origin as the root.

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What is the root word for artery?

artery. The word artery originally stemmed from the Greek arteria, which means "windpipe." An artery is distinct from a smaller passage that carries blood in the body, called a vein.

Tayisiya Guilloto


Where do chondrocytes come from?

Chondrocytes, or chondrocytes in lacunae, are cells found in cartilage connective tissue. They are the only cells located in cartilage. They produce and maintain the cartilage matrix, which is a type of lake in which the chondrocytes swim.

Karri Cortajarena


What is another word for ligament?

Synonyms. muscle system connective tissue musculature round ligament of the uterus falciform ligament muscular structure ligamentum teres uteri. Antonyms.

Sufian Bedmar


Where is hyaline cartilage found in the body?

Hyaline cartilage is a type of connective tissue found in areas such as the nose, ears, and trachea of the human body.

Essa Pegueroles


What are the three types of cartilage?

There are three types of cartilage:
  • Hyaline - most common, found in the ribs, nose, larynx, trachea. Is a precursor of bone.
  • Fibro- is found in invertebral discs, joint capsules, ligaments.
  • Elastic - is found in the external ear, epiglottis and larynx.

Gregoria PeribaƱez


What are the three types of cartilage What are their similarities and differences?

Cartilage is classified in three types, elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage, which differ in relative amounts of collagen and proteoglycan. Cartilage does not contain blood vessels (it is avascular) or nerves (it is aneural).

Kathryn Alocen


Iza Teevs


What is the function of bone?

Bones have many functions. They support the body structurally, protect our vital organs, and allow us to move. Also, they provide an environment for bone marrow, where the blood cells are created, and they act as a storage area for minerals, particularly calcium.

Nahila Calm


Alister Bailen


What are the characteristics of cartilage?

Cartilage is a type of connective tissue composed of special cells known as chondrocytes along with collagen or yellow elastic fibers. The fibers and the cells are embedded in a firm gel like matrix rich in mucopolysaccharides. Cartilage is not as hard and rigid as bone. It is much more flexible and elastic.

Nayomi Vosen


What is the medical term for bone?

Oste/o = Bone. Osteon = bone.

Gabija Fairbairn