Asked by: Jenise Hurst
medical health foot health

What does Equinus mean?

Last Updated: 1st March, 2020

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Equinus is a condition in which the upward bending motion of the ankle joint is limited. Someone with equinus lacks the flexibility to bring the top of the foot toward the front of the leg.

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Herein, what causes Equinus?

Causes. Equinus is often it is due to tightness in the Achilles tendon or calf muscles. For some, this may be congenital (present at birth) or an inherited trait. Infrequently, equinus can be caused by spasms in the calf muscle, which may be a sign of an underlying neurologic disorder.

Additionally, what is Equinovarus deformity? A clubfoot, also known as club foot, congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), or talipes equinovarus (TEV) is a congenital deformity (present at birth) in which the affected foot appears rotated internally at the ankle - the foot points down and inwards and the soles of the feet face each other.

Similarly, is Equinus painful?

Without clinical research to guide us, we are left with equinus being a potential cause of foot problems. Much like degenerative arthritis or ankle instability may be the cause of ankle pain, in some cases, an equinus deformity may cause a collapse of the arch and medial ankle pain.

What is forefoot equinus?

When the front of your foot is lower than your heel it is called forefoot equinus. Even when your foot is on a flat surface, it will have an unusually high arch.

Related Question Answers

Chunping Spitz

Professional

How do you fix Equinus?

In addition, the patient is treated for the equinus itself through one or more of the following options:
  1. Night splint. The foot may be placed in a splint at night to keep it in a position that helps reduce tightness of the calf muscle.
  2. Heel lifts.
  3. Arch supports or orthotic devices.
  4. Physical therapy.

Sohra Casorran

Professional

What can be used for the patient suffering from Equinus with an element of drop foot?

An ankle foot orthosis (AFO) provides an option for the patient suffering from an equinus with an element of drop foot. AFOs improve walking and reduce the risk of falling in individuals with paretic dorsiflexory muscles, providing clearance through the swing phase of gait by limiting the speed of plantar flexion.

Jesenia Gago

Professional

What is an equinus gait?

True equinus refers to a gait characterized by plantarflexion of the foot and ankle with respect to the leg and may be seen in stance and/or the swing phase of gait. Observational gait analysis confirms that the child is toe walking with an extended knee and hip in stance.

Germano Ehrat

Explainer

What does PES Planovalgus mean?

Pes plano valgus is the medical term that refers to an abnormal foot due to a flattened arch, a rolled-in appearance of the ankle, and a heel that appears to be rolled-out from under the ankle.

Mahassine Browacki

Explainer

What causes short Achilles tendon?

Causes. As "overuse" disorders, Achilles tendonitis and tendonosis are usually caused by a sudden increase of a repetitive activity involving the Achilles tendon. Such activity puts too much stress on the tendon too quickly, leading to micro-injury of the tendon fibers.

Sausan Naharros

Explainer

What is hindfoot varus?

Hindfoot varus describes a relatively varus position of the calcaneus which is adducted and rotated under the talus. This is best appreciated on a weightbearing DP foot radiograph as a relative reduction in the angle formed between the mid-talar and mid-calcaneal axes (the talocalcaneal angle).

Kheira Nauck

Pundit

What does dorsiflexion mean?

Dorsiflexion is the backward bending and contracting of your hand or foot. Dorsiflexion occurs in your ankle when you draw your toes back toward your shins. You contract the shinbones and flex the ankle joint when you dorsiflex your foot.

Leonido Ruthenschroer

Pundit

Is short Achilles tendon hereditary?

A congenital shortening of the Achilles tendon can be hereditary, can take place over time as the result of abnormal foot structure which shortens the tendon, or can shorten over time if its full length is not being used.

Tiare Reinelt

Pundit

What does the calcaneus do?

The calcaneus, also called the heel bone, is a large bone that forms the foundation of the rear part of the foot. The calcaneus connects with the talus and cuboid bones. The connection between the talus and calcaneus forms the subtalar joint. This joint is important for normal foot function.

Aitane Becht

Pundit

Can tight Achilles cause foot pain?

For many of us, this muscle is short or tight which can lead to problems including flat feet, bunions, metatarsalgia, hammertoes, sesamoiditis, plantar fasciitis (heel pain) and Achilles tendon inflammation, tendinitis, and even Achilles tendon rupture. Return to your original position with both feet together.

Hamza Mollerhenn

Pundit

What causes tight heel cords?

Another cause of tight heel cords can be increased force on the heel. Added pressure occurs not only from thumping the heel down, but from wearing shoes with little to no cushion in the heel, or walking on flat hard surfaces. High heels provide the perfect environment for the foot to develop tight heel cords.

Amaru Viterbo

Teacher

What causes tight ankle muscles?

Tendinitis. Inflammation of any of the ankle tendons (on the sides or back of the ankle or the top of the foot) can cause stiffness. This can result from injury, overuse, or inflammatory conditions. The Achilles tendon is most commonly affected.

Issame Becho

Teacher

How do I make my Achilles tendon longer?

Place the other leg, with the knee bent, in front of the straight leg and push your hips toward the wall. Stretch your calf to the point where you feel a strong pull but no pain. Do not let your heels come off the ground. Hold the position for 10 seconds, then relax.

Abdessalam Foja

Teacher

What is Silfverskiold test?

The test used to determine Gastrocnemius contracture is the “SILFVERSKIOLD TEST”. It measures the dorsiflexion (DF) of the foot at the ankle joint (AJ) with knee extended & flexed to 90 degrees. The test is considered positive when DF at the AJ is greater with knee flexed than extended.

Arlen Zarzana

Teacher

What is gastrocnemius recession?

Gastrocnemius recession, which involves release of the gastrocnemius tendon and subsequent lengthening of the calf muscle, is specifically indicated for patients with equinas contractures. The gastrocnemius muscle is seldom completely resected to avoid lower extremity gait and stability issues.

Lonny Haidar

Reviewer

Why is my Achilles tendon twitching?

With Achilles tendonitis, there is usually an abnormal inward rolling of the foot. This causes the muscles and tendons of the Achilles tendon to spasm as it tries to balance the foot. This results in pain as the tendon becomes inflamed from the tork of the imbalance.

Acaimo Ketty

Reviewer

What is used to measure the degree of dorsiflexion?

The most commonly described method of ankle joint dorsiflexion measurement is with the Silfverskiöld test, which measures the angle between the lateral aspect of the foot in relation to the lateral aspect of the leg.

Kumba Albuschat

Reviewer

What is Talipes?

Club foot (also called talipes) is a birth defect that can affect one or both feet. Early treatment usually helps correct it. Club foot is quite common, affecting about 1 baby in every 1,000 born in the UK. Both feet are affected in about half of these babies.

Chiara Nierenstein

Reviewer

What is Talipes valgus?

Medical Definition of talipes valgus
: a congenital deformity of the foot in which it is rotated inward so that walking is done on the inner side of the sole.