Asked by: Hilaria Veenstra
science genetics

What does mitochondria mean in biology?

Last Updated: 1st May, 2020

Mitochondria - Turning on the Powerhouse
Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell. The biochemical processes of the cell are known as cellular respiration.

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Furthermore, what is the definition of mitochondria in biology?

Definition. noun, plural: mitochondria. A spherical or rod-shaped organelle with its own genome, and is responsible for the generation of most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate through the process of cellular respiration. Supplement. The mitochondrion is regarded as the powerhouse of eukaryotic cells.

One may also ask, what is the meaning of mitochondrion in plant cell? Mitochondrion Definition. The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a membrane-bound organelle found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. It is the power house of the cell; it is responsible for cellular respiration and production of (most) ATP in the cell. The organelles are labelled.

People also ask, what is the function of the mitochondria?

The membrane is where the chemical reactions occur and the matrix is where the fluid is held. Mitochondria are a part of eukaryotic cells. The main job of mitochondria is to perform cellular respiration. This means it takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy.

What are the parts of mitochondria and its function?

Structure of Mitochondria The outer membrane covers the surface of the mitochondrion, while the inner membrane is located within and has many folds called cristae. The folds increase surface area of the membrane, which is important because the inner membrane holds the proteins involved in the electron transport chain.

Related Question Answers

Umbelina Neumeister


How do you say mitochondria?

Mitochondrion, plural mitochondria (noun, “MITE-oh-CON-dree-on”, plural “MITE-oh-CON-dree-ah”)



What are the 4 parts of the mitochondria?

They are:
  • the outer mitochondrial membrane,
  • the intermembrane space (the space between the outer and inner membranes),
  • the inner mitochondrial membrane,
  • the cristae space (formed by infoldings of the inner membrane), and.
  • the matrix (space within the inner membrane).

Auxiliadora Getta


Where is mitochondria found?

Mitochondria are found in all body cells, with the exception of a few. There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell. Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm of cells along with other organelles of the cell.

Enoc Ludovicy


How do you heal mitochondria?

Make sure you eat plenty of protein food such as meat, fish, nuts, seeds, beans/lentils and eggs to support amino acids like glutathione that protect the mitochondria. You can boost your protein in the morning by adding in a green protein-rich smoothie.

Myesha Depold


Where is the origin of mitochondria?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts likely evolved from engulfed prokaryotes that once lived as independent organisms. At some point, a eukaryotic cell engulfed an aerobic prokaryote, which then formed an endosymbiotic relationship with the host eukaryote, gradually developing into a mitochondrion.

Martino Lange


What is cytoplasm in biology?

Function of Cytoplasm. The jelly-like fluid that fills a cell is called cytoplasm. It is made up of mostly water and salt. Cytoplasm is present within the cell membrane of all cell types and contains all organelles and cell parts. Cytosol is the part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles.

Furqan Wenzel


What is chloroplast made of?

Chloroplasts. The chloroplast is made up of 3 types of membrane: A smooth outer membrane which is freely permeable to molecules.

Krystian Opgemoort


What does ATP mean?

Scientific definitions for atp
Short for adenosine triphosphate. An organic compound, C10H16N5O13P3, that is composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups. It serves as a source of energy for many metabolic processes. ATP releases energy when it is broken down into ADP by hydrolysis during cell metabolism.

Magan Canto


What is ATP used for?

The Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the "molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ATP also plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleic acids.

Nafissa Otrokhov


What is mitochondria in simple words?

Mitochondria - Turning on the Powerhouse
Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell. The biochemical processes of the cell are known as cellular respiration.

Xinyuan Aguzaroff


What is mitochondria short answer?

Mitochondria (sing. mitochondrion) are organelles, or parts of a eukaryote cell. They are in the cytoplasm, not the nucleus. They make most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a molecule that cells use as a source of energy. This means mitochondria are known as "the powerhouse of the cell".

Rosalie Hautschildt


What supplements help mitochondria?

Oral natural supplements containing membrane phospholipids, CoQ10, microencapsulated NADH, l-carnitine, α-lipoic acid, and other nutrients can help restore mitochondrial function and reduce intractable fatigue in patients with chronic illnesses.

Ainhoa Grethlein


Why are mitochondria so important?

Known as the “powerhouse of the cell” they are primarily responsible for converting the air we breathe and the food we eat into energy that our cells can use to grow, divide and function. Mitochondria produce energy by turning glucose and oxygen into a chemical called ATP.

Margherita Cis


How is ATP made?

Although cells continuously break down ATP to obtain energy, ATP also is constantly being synthesized from ADP and phosphate through the processes of cellular respiration. Most of the ATP in cells is produced by the enzyme ATP synthase, which converts ADP and phosphate to ATP.

Rosalbina Gallego


How big is a mitochondria?

The size and shape of mitochondria, like the number in a cell, vary from one tissue to another and with the physiological state of the cells. Most mitochondria are ovoid bodies having a diameter between 0.5 and 1.0 µm and a length up to 7 µm.

Annita Luthers


What is the function of microtubules?

The Function Of Microtubules. Microtubules are hollow, fibrous shafts whose main function is to help support and give shape to the cell. They also serve a transportation function, as they are the routes upon which organelles move through the cell.

Shuangfen Schmittel


How is ATP produced in the mitochondria?

Mitochondria, using oxygen available within the cell convert chemical energy from food in the cell to energy in a form usable to the host cell. NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In ATP the energy is stored in the form of chemical bonds.

Almudena Garnschroeder


How many Mitochondrias are in a plant cell?

Three organelles are involved in the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis and energy transduction: the nucleus, plastid, and mitochondrion. Plant mitochondria contain two terminal oxidases: complex IV (cytochrome oxidase; COX), and alternative oxidase (AOX).

Wenwei Duronov


Is there mitochondria in plant cells?

Plant Cells. Structurally, plant and animal cells are very similar because they are both eukaryotic cells. They both contain membrane-bound organelles such as the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and peroxisomes.