Asked by: Hilaria Veenstrascience genetics
What does mitochondria mean in biology?
Last Updated: 1st May, 2020
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Furthermore, what is the definition of mitochondria in biology?
Definition. noun, plural: mitochondria. A spherical or rod-shaped organelle with its own genome, and is responsible for the generation of most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate through the process of cellular respiration. Supplement. The mitochondrion is regarded as the powerhouse of eukaryotic cells.
One may also ask, what is the meaning of mitochondrion in plant cell? Mitochondrion Definition. The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a membrane-bound organelle found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. It is the power house of the cell; it is responsible for cellular respiration and production of (most) ATP in the cell. The organelles are labelled.
People also ask, what is the function of the mitochondria?
The membrane is where the chemical reactions occur and the matrix is where the fluid is held. Mitochondria are a part of eukaryotic cells. The main job of mitochondria is to perform cellular respiration. This means it takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy.
What are the parts of mitochondria and its function?
Structure of Mitochondria The outer membrane covers the surface of the mitochondrion, while the inner membrane is located within and has many folds called cristae. The folds increase surface area of the membrane, which is important because the inner membrane holds the proteins involved in the electron transport chain.