Asked by: Cheickne Zukschwerdt
medical health heart and cardiovascular diseases

What does stenosis mean in a heart valve?

Last Updated: 8th April, 2020

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Aortic valve stenosis — or aortic stenosis — occurs when the heart's aortic valve narrows. This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which reduces or blocks blood flow from your heart into the main artery to your body (aorta) and onward to the rest of your body.

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Also asked, is aortic stenosis life threatening?

Heart failure is the most common and potentially the most life-threatening complication of aortic valve stenosis. Aortic valve stenosis causes a buildup of pressure inside the heart chamber that pumps blood to the body (the left ventricle).

Beside above, can aortic stenosis be cured? No pill can cure or even improve your aortic stenosis. But there are some medications that may help you control your symptoms and lower the chance of having certain complications. Among the medicines your doctor might prescribe are: ACE inhibitors, which can open blood vessels more fully.

One may also ask, what causes heart valve stenosis?

Aortic stenosis is narrowing of the aortic valve, impeding delivery of blood from the heart to the body. Aortic stenosis can be caused by congenital bicuspid aortic valve, scarred aortic valve of rheumatic fever, and wearing of aortic valve in the elderly.

How long can you live with aortic stenosis?

Up to 50% of people who develop severe aortic stenosis symptoms will die within an average of two years if they do not have their aortic valve replaced.

Related Question Answers

Beneranda Kreyling

Professional

Is exercise good for aortic stenosis?

Based on the severity of your condition, your doctor may limit your activity, but many patients can exercise and do most activities without restriction. However, you should increase activity or start an exercise or walking program only under the guidance of your doctor.

Issame Olofsson

Professional

How do I know if my aortic stenosis is getting worse?

If your aortic stenosis is severe, you may have the same symptoms as some people with moderate cases -- such as chest pain, tightness, shortness of breath when you're active, and fainting. These signs can also mean that the disease is starting to worsen more quickly.

Bea Jabardo

Professional

What is the most common cause of aortic stenosis?

Aortic stenosis is most commonly caused by age-related progressive calcification (>50% of cases), with a mean age of 65 to 70 years. Another major cause of aortic stenosis is the calcification of a congenital bicuspid aortic valve (30-40% of cases), typically presenting earlier (ages 40+ to 50+).

Xuhong Huberth

Explainer

How fast does aortic stenosis progress?

Aortic sclerosis is distinguished from aortic stenosis by the valve thickening and calcification without obstruction (no significant gradient) (fig 1?). However, 16% of patients with aortic sclerosis will progress to aortic stenosis in seven years time.

Isilda Canova

Explainer

Does aortic stenosis run in families?

Family history doubles aortic stenosis risk. Summary: The risk of aortic stenosis doubles when a first degree relative had the disease, according to new research. It is associated with congenital bicuspid aortic valve and previous rheumatic heart disease, but is also often caused by calcification of a normal valve.

Indra Saladie

Explainer

Does diet affect aortic stenosis?

Especially common in people over the age of 65, aortic valve stenosis can also affect people who are overweight, eat a high-fat diet, are diabetic or have a congenital abnormality.

Yuri Mendixur

Pundit

Can you fly if you have aortic stenosis?

In general, a patient with diagnosed aortic stenosis that is asymptomatic with exercise can safely fly on an airplane. In some circumstances, patients with mild symptoms who are awaiting surgery or who are not candidates for surgery may still be able to travel.

Leodegario Eihenvald

Pundit

What medications should be avoided with aortic stenosis?

Thus all afterload reducing agents (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, blockers) are contraindicated. However, in patients with mild to moderate aortic stenosis vasodilators such as hydralazine can increase cardiac output.

Karol Kadfi

Pundit

What happens with a stenotic valve?

Aortic valve stenosis — or aortic stenosisoccurs when the heart's aortic valve narrows. This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which reduces or blocks blood flow from your heart into the main artery to your body (aorta) and onward to the rest of your body.

Berna Guillemin

Pundit

How do you know if you have a heart valve problem?

Some physical signs of heart valve disease can include: Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips) Shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level.

Hassam Nicola

Pundit

Can you die from mitral valve stenosis?

Left untreated, mitral valve stenosis can lead to serious heart complications.

Ianos Hafers

Teacher

What does aortic stenosis sound like?

Aortic Stenosis Auscultation
This is often a loud murmur heard early in systole. It has a diamond shaped appearance when viewed on the phonocardiograph, which is heard when the murmur rises in sound intensity. The murmur is characterized by regular vibrations which give the murmur a musical quality ("cooing").

Goran Elguea

Teacher

How is aortic valve stenosis diagnosed?

Diagnosis. To diagnose aortic valve stenosis, your doctor may review your signs and symptoms, discuss your medical history, and conduct a physical examination. Your doctor may listen to your heart with a stethoscope to determine if you have a heart murmur that may indicate an aortic valve condition.

Afonso Sutre

Teacher

Does aortic stenosis make you tired?

Signs and Symptoms of Aortic Stenosis
Symptoms of aortic stenosis include fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain, feeling dizzy and passing out. Fatigue may mean slowing down, reduced levels of activity, or just less energy. Tasks that patients used to do may be much harder.

Roel Bluma

Teacher

Can aortic stenosis go away?

Narrowing Aortic Valve Can Be Treated Without Open Heart Surgery. Narrowing of the aortic valve, called aortic stenosis, is a common and serious heart valve problem. Without treatment, it has a prognosis worse than most cancers. Once symptoms occur, they continue to worsen and few sufferers are alive in five years.

Rayan Coalla

Reviewer

How dangerous is aortic valve replacement?

An aortic valve replacement is a major operation and occasionally the complications can be fatal. Overall, the risk of dying as a result of the procedure is estimated to be 1 to 3%. But this risk is far lower than the risk associated with leaving severe aortic disease untreated.

Rhita Villaplana

Reviewer

Is aortic valve stenosis hereditary?

A single, specific genetic cause of aortic valve stenosis (AVS) has not been identified. Isolated SVAS can be caused by mutations in the ELN gene and may be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Some individuals with SVAS have associated abnormalities such as peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis.

Espiridion Romaris

Reviewer

Does mild aortic stenosis need treatment?

Mild to moderate aortic stenosis typically does not require surgery. But, surgery is necessary for severe cases of aortic stenosis. Valves affected by stenosis limit blood flow. Your heart has to work harder to squeeze blood through the narrow valve than it does when the valve opening is normal.

Abdelkamal Jankevich

Reviewer

What happens if aortic valve is not replaced?

Aortic Valve Problems
Or, it could be from wear and tear over the years, or because of another health condition, like a heart infection. Those problems can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, fainting, and other symptoms. If you don't get the valve replaced, it can be life-threatening.