Asked by: Zhixiang Schonthalscience genetics
What is a 3 poly A tail?
Last Updated: 20th April, 2020
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Hereof, what does the poly A tail do?
Function. In nuclear polyadenylation, a poly(A) tail is added to an RNA at the end of transcription. On mRNAs, the poly(A) tail protects the mRNA molecule from enzymatic degradation in the cytoplasm and aids in transcription termination, export of the mRNA from the nucleus, and translation.
Similarly, how is the poly A tail added to pre mRNA What is the purpose of the poly A tail? PAP adds approximately 10 adenine nucleotides to the 3′ end of the pre-mRNA molecule. The addition of the short poly(A) tail allows for the binding of the poly(A) binding protein (PABII) to the tail. PABII increases the rate of polyadenylation, which subsequently allows for more PABII protein to bind the tail.
One may also ask, how many is a poly A tail?
Poly(A) tails of mRNAs have an initial length of 70–80 nucleotides in yeast and ∼250 nucleotides in mammalian cells. These long tails have a stabilizing function: Throughout the cytoplasmic lifetime of the mRNA, they are gradually shortened from their 3 ends.
What are 3 important functions of these modifications to the 5 and 3 ends?
The pre-mRNA molecule undergoes three main modifications. These modifications are 5' capping, 3' polyadenylation, and RNA splicing, which occur in the cell nucleus before the RNA is translated.