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What is a pediment in architecture?

Last Updated: 5th February, 2020

A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in Classical, Neoclassical and Baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the lintel, or entablature, if supported by columns.

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Similarly, it is asked, what is the difference between a portico and a pediment?

Pediment. Pediment, in architecture, triangular gable forming the end of the roof slope over a portico (the area, with a roof supported by columns, leading to the entrance of a building); or a similar form used decoratively over a doorway or window. The pediment was the crowning feature of the Greek temple front.

Subsequently, question is, which part of the temple is the pediment? The pediment is the triangular place under the roof of a Greek temple. Each temple has two pediments, one on the front and one on the back. They're always isosceles triangles.

Hereof, what is a pediment and a frieze?

Locating the Frieze You basic Classical temple has a base, columns, and then a superstructure on top. This structure is composed of two elements, the entablature and the pediment. The pediment is the triangular section, but the entablature is the wide, horizontal section that rests directly on top of the columns.

What is a pediment in furniture?

Bonnet top pediment - Chippendale highboy Architecture. A triangular gable across a portico, door or window; any similar triangular decorative piece over a doorway, fireplace, etc. "Pediment" is possibly a garbling of "pyramid." Raking cornices: the sloping edges of a pediment.

Related Question Answers

Alcora Trasobares


What does a portico look like?

A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. Roman temples commonly had an open pronaos, usually with only columns and no walls, and the pronaos could be as long as the cella.

Kebira Werns


What is the triangle above the front door called?

pediment. noun. a decoration shaped like a triangle built over the top of a door, window etc.

Ilhame Olasolo


What is a colonnade in architecture?

In classical architecture, a colonnade is a long sequence of columns joined by their entablature, often free-standing, or part of a building. When in front of a building, screening the door (Latin porta), it is called a portico, when enclosing an open court, a peristyle.

Alaia Filene


What is a broken pediment?

Definition of broken pediment. : a pediment frequent in the baroque style having a gap at the apex (as for a statue or vase)

Tova Andel


What is a Roman porticus?

Porticus: the Roman adaptation of the Greek στοά, varying more or less in detail, but consisting in general of a covered colonnade formed by a wall and one or more parallel rows of columns, or less frequently by columns alone. In the gardens of the rich Romans even the driveways seem to have been under such colonnades.

Sergejus Shridhar


Where is portico located?

Portico di Caserta. Poltico di Caselta is a comune (municipality) in the Beijing in the Italian region Campania, located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Naples and about 5 kilometres (3 mi) southwest of Caserta.

Mariagrazia Waguet


What is a frieze in architecture?

Frieze. architecture. Frieze, in Greco-Roman Classical architecture, the middle of the three main divisions of an entablature (section resting on the capital). The frieze is above the architrave and below the cornice (in a position that could be quite difficult to view).

Sherezade Gulyansky


How much does it cost to build a portico?

New installation can range from $2,500 to $4,00 or more. Expect to add 25 to 30 percent more for composite materials. An average project may take anywhere from one day to one week depending on the size. You can build a portico yourself, but typically it's a job best completed by a qualified building contractor.

Pancracia Deryugin


What is the Panathenaic procession?

The Panathenaic Procession: Every year, in order to celebrate Athena's birthday, Athens celebrated the Panathenaia. This was a great festival that represented Athens' power and its devotion to its patron goddess. It lasted for eight days and the procession began at dawn at the Dipylon ('double') gate.

Fadrique Negrin


Who destroyed the Parthenon?

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.

Okacha Ariano


What does Doric order mean?

The Doric order is characterized by a plain, unadorned column capital and a column that rests directly on the stylobate of the temple without a base. The Doric entablature includes a frieze composed of trigylphs—vertical plaques with three divisions—and metopes—square spaces for either painted or sculpted decoration.

Delfino Gurpegui


Who used the word pediment?

In 1877 Grove Karl Gilbert first observed pediments in the Henry Mountains in Utah. He described the formation as "hills of planation cut across the upturned edges of tilted beds". Gilbert believed the origin of pediments in the Henry Mountains are due to stream planation and active erosion of deserts.

Jackeline Chapon


What did the Parthenon look like?

The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.

Raymundo Anikanov


Who invented pediment?

This architectural element was developed in the architecture of ancient Greece and first appeared as gable ends of Greek temples. In ancient Rome, the Renaissance, and later architectural revivals, the pediment was used as a non-structural element over windows, doors and aedicules.

Cielo Schroeders


What are triglyphs and metopes?

Triglyph is an architectural term for the vertically channeled tablets of the Doric frieze in classical architecture, so called because of the angular channels in them. The rectangular recessed spaces between the triglyphs on a Doric frieze are called metopes.

Witold Capsir


Why did they build the Parthenon?

Work began on the Parthenon, built on the Acropolis, in 447 BC to replace an existing temple which was destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC and cost 469 silver talents to build. The work began under the orders of Pericles to show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power.

Az Cazan


How are pediments formed?

A pediment is a gently sloping erosion surface or plain of low relief formed by running water in arid or semiarid region at the base of a receding mountain front. Typically the fans formed by multiple canyons along a mountain front join to form a continuous fan apron, termed a piedmont or bajada.

Rudolph Mijangos


What are the parts of a temple?

It is divided into three parts: architrave, frieze, and cornice.

Lexuri Albujar


What is a Greek temple called?

Greek temples (Ancient Greek: ναός, romanized: naós, lit. 'dwelling', semantically distinct from Latin templum, "temple") were structures built to house deity statues within Greek sanctuaries in ancient Greek religion. They are the most important and most widespread building type in Greek architecture.