Asked by: Ihintza Zhukovinstyle and fashion bath and shower
What is a surfactant and how does it work which properties of water do surfactants act on?
Last Updated: 30th January, 2020
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Likewise, people ask, what is a surfactant and how does it work?
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid. Surfactants may act as detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, foaming agents, and dispersants.
Additionally, how does soap act as a surfactant? Soap is a natural surfactant. This property is what makes them good for cleansing. When surfactants lower the surface tension of water, they basically make the water molecules more slippery, so they are less likely to stick to themselves and more likely to interact with oil and grease.
Accordingly, what is the purpose of a surfactant?
Surfactant, also called surface-active agent, substance such as a detergent that, when added to a liquid, reduces its surface tension, thereby increasing its spreading and wetting properties. In the dyeing of textiles, surfactants help the dye penetrate the fabric evenly.
What are some examples of a surfactant?
Here are some common examples of surfactants:
- Soaps (free fatty acid salts)
- Fatty acid sulfonates (the most common of which is sodium laryl sulfate, or SLS)
- Ethoxylated compounds, such as ethoxylated propylene glycol.
- Polygluconates, basically a glorified name for short-chain starches.