Asked by: Llanos Eilbrecht
technology and computing operating systems

What is another term for the operating system a computer uses?

Last Updated: 1st April, 2020

Operating System. An operating system, or"OS," is software that communicates with the hardware andallows other programs to run. Windows and Linux can be installed onstandard PC hardware, while OS X is designed to run on Applesystems.

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Similarly, it is asked, what is another name for the operating system?

Most people use the operating system that comeswith their computer, but it's possible to upgrade or even changeoperating systems. The three most common operatingsystems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows, macOS,and Linux. Modern operating systems use a graphical userinterface, or GUI (pronounced gooey).

Beside above, is an operating system used with special purpose computers? The operating system (OS) controls acomputer's hardware and provides a common set of commandsfor writing programs. Most computing devices(enterprise-class server computers, PCs, phones, set-topboxes, video games, cars, the Mars Rover) have an operatingsystem.

Just so, what is an operating system used for?

Types of operating systems A mobile OS allows smartphones, tablet PCs and othermobile devices to run applications and programs. Mobileoperating systems include Apple iOS, Google Android,BlackBerry OS and Windows 10 Mobile.

What program is used to start and shutdown a computer?

MS-DOS and Windows command line Press the Windows key, type cmd, and then press Enterto open the command line. In the prompt that appears, typeshutdown -s and press Enter. After a few moments, thecomputer will shut down.

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How do operating systems work?

An Operating System (OS) is a collection ofsoftware that manages computer hardware and provides services forprograms. Specifically, it hides hardware complexity, managescomputational resources, and provides isolation and protection.Most importantly, it directly has privilege access to theunderlying hardware.

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How do I install operating system?

  1. Insert the installation disk or flash drive.
  2. Restart your computer.
  3. Wait for the computer's first startup screen to appear.
  4. Press and hold Del or F2 to enter the BIOS page.
  5. Locate the "Boot Order" section.
  6. Select the location from which you want to start yourcomputer.

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How many operating systems are there?

Five of the most common operating systems areMicrosoft Windows, Apple macOS, Linux, Android and Apple'siOS.

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What is meant by operating system?

An operating system (OS), in its most generalsense, is software that allows a user to run other applications ona computing device. The operating system manages acomputer's hardware resources, including: Input devices such as akeyboard and mouse.

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What is an operating system simple definition?

An operating system, or "OS," is softwarethat communicates with the hardware and allows other programs torun. Every desktop computer, tablet, and smartphone includes anoperating system that provides basic functionalityfor the device. Common desktop operating systems includeWindows, OS X, and Linux.

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What is batch operating system?

Batch processing is a technique in which anOperating System collects the programs and data together ina batch before processing starts. An operating systemdoes the following activities related to batch processing− The OS defines a job which has predefined sequence ofcommands, programs and data as a single unit.

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What do you mean by booting?

Booting is a startup sequence that starts theoperating system of a computer when it is turned on. A bootsequence is the initial set of operations that the computerperforms when it is switched on. Every computer has a bootsequence.

Ausencia Parrizas


What is GUI in computer?

A graphical user interface (GUI) is ahuman-computer interface (i.e., a way for humans to interactwith computers) that uses windows, icons and menus and whichcan be manipulated by a mouse (and often to a limited extent by akeyboard as well). Icons are used both on the desktop and withinapplication programs.

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What are the characteristics of operating system?

Characteristics of an Operating System
  • Most modern operating systems allow running multiple tasksboth: a computer can, while executing a user program, read the datafrom a disk or display results on a terminal or printer.
  • The fundamental notion of multi-tasking operating systems isthe process.
  • A process is a program instance being run.

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Can I still use Windows 7 after Jan 2020?

Yes, you can continue using Windows 7 evenafter January 14, 2020. But we advise you upgrade toWindows 10 before 2020 as Microsoft won'tprovide technical support, software updates, security updates, andfixes after January 14, 2020. This means that yourWindows 7 PC will not be as secure as it'stoday.

Lieselotte Rotthaus


What is operating system and its examples?

Some examples include versions of MicrosoftWindows (like Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, andWindows XP), Apple's macOS (formerly OS X), ChromeOS, BlackBerry Tablet OS, and flavors of the opensource operating system Linux.

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What is the world's most popular operating system?

Most popular operating system by computer
  • Windows 7 is the most popular operating system for desktop andlaptop computers.
  • Android is the most popular smartphone operating system.
  • iOS is the most popular tablet operating system.
  • Variants of Linux are most widely used in the Internet ofthings and smart devices.

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What operating system does Apple use?

Launch of Mac OS X
Mac OS X was originally presented as the tenth majorversion of Apple's operating system for Macintosh computers;current versions of macOS retain the major version number"10".

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Who invented operating system?

Answer and Explanation: The first operatingsystem sold along with a computer was invented by IBM in1964 to operate its mainframe computer. It was called the IBMSystems/360

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What are the different types of OS?

Following are some of the most widely used types ofOperating system.
  • Simple Batch System.
  • Multiprogramming Batch System.
  • Multiprocessor System.
  • Desktop System.
  • Distributed Operating System.
  • Clustered System.
  • Realtime Operating System.
  • Handheld System.

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What do you mean by folder?

When talking about file systems, a folder (alsocalled directory, or catalog) is a way to organize computer files.A folder is a storage space where many files can beplaced into groups and organize the computer. A folder canalso contain other folders.

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What is the meaning of CPU?

CPU (pronounced as separate letters) is theabbreviation for central processing unit. Sometimes referred tosimply as the central processor, but more commonly called aprocessor, the CPU is the brains of the computer where mostcalculations take place.

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What are the 4 types of operating system?

A computer has four general types ofmemory. In order of speed, they are: high-speed cache, main memory,secondary memory, and disk storage. The operating systemmust balance the needs of each process with the differenttypes of memory available. Device management.

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What is the purpose of hardware?

Uses of Computer Hardware Components. By ShoaibKhan. In computing, hardware refers to all the physical,tangible components that take up space. Unlike software, which areprograms necessary for the computer to run, hardware can beseen and touched.