Asked by: Leslee Grother
medical health bone and joint conditions

What is Circumduction of the shoulder?

Last Updated: 19th March, 2020

Circumduction is the orderly combination of shoulder movements so that the hand traces a circle and the arm traces a cone. In order it is produced by shoulder flexion, abduction, extension and abduction (or the reverse). See also movements of the arm.

Click to see full answer.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what is Circumduction movement?

Circumduction is a conical movement of a body part, such as a ball and socket joint or the eye. Circumduction is a combination of flexion, extension, adduction and abduction.

Likewise, what does Circumduction mean in medical terms? Medical Definition of circumduction : movement of a limb or extremity so that the distal end describes a circle while the proximal end remains fixed.

Accordingly, what muscles are involved in shoulder Circumduction?

  • trapezius muscle.
  • latissimus dorsi muscle.
  • levator scapulae muscle.
  • rhomboid minor muscle.
  • rhomboid major muscle.
  • pectoralis major muscle.
  • pectoralis minor muscle.
  • serratus anterior muscle.

What is the difference between Circumduction and rotation?

Rotation is the movement around an axis, so it is rotating. Circumduction is a movement describes as "circular" that uses adduction, abduction, flexion and extension. The end of the body such as the hand with arm circumduction will remain in the same place while the arm move.

Related Question Answers

Yashi Alçuarte


Where does Circumduction occur?

Circumduction is the movement of the limb, hand, or fingers in a circular pattern, using the sequential combination of flexion, adduction, extension, and abduction motions. Adduction/abduction and circumduction take place at the shoulder, hip, wrist, metacarpophalangeal, and metatarsophalangeal joints.

Hassna Kaemena


What is an example of adduction?

Closing arms to the chest or bringing knees together are other examples of adduction. Adduction of the wrist, moving a hand toward the body at the wrist when that arm is at the person's side, is also called ulnar deviation. Swinging the hands from the side of the body up to the shoulder or higher is abduction.

Otmar Manasa


What is the difference between adduction and abduction?

Abduction is the movement of a limb or structure away from the middle of the body. Adduction is the movement a limb or structure towards the middle of the body. Abductor muscles tend to have shorter fibers than adductor muscles.

Ney Hugli


What is adduction in PE?

Short definition of Adduction:
Adduction is movement towards the mid-line of the body - also applies to movements inwards and across the body. That is, movement of the right arm inwards (so to the left) towards or even past the centre of the body would be adduction of the right arm.

Florangel Vie


What is shoulder extension?

A shoulder flexion is when you move your arms anywhere from a resting position by your sides to straight above your head. An extension is when you move your arms and stick them out behind you. For a shoulder extension, your body uses the latissimus dorsi, teres major and minor and posterior deltoid muscles.

Rodrick Avdeichikov


What is abduction of a joint?

Abduction is movement away from the mid-line of the body. That is, movement of the right arm to the right or movement of the left arm to the left would be abduction of the (right, or left) arm. abductor - a muscle that can act to cause an abduction movement at a joint is called an abductor.

Kali Usano


Can the thumb Circumduction?

Circumduction of the thumb is an essential motion for hand function. Thumb rotation is required to achieve pulp–pulp contact, which is essential for two- or three-finger pinch [13]. Many attempts to measure thumb rotation during circumduction have been made [17].

Danut Hwang


What plane does Circumduction occur in?

There is one more type of movement you should be familiar with. This one is a combination of movements through two or three planes and is called circumduction. An example of circumduction is moving your arms around your body in a windmill motion.

Ana Sari


What is a shoulder girdle?

The shoulder girdle or pectoral girdle is the set of bones in the appendicular skeleton which connects to the arm on each side. In humans it consists of the clavicle and scapula; in those species with three bones in the shoulder, it consists of the clavicle, scapula, and coracoid.

Flores Yturrart


What are shoulder muscles called?

The collection of muscles and tendons in the shoulder is known as the rotator cuff. It stabilizes the shoulder and holds the head of the humerus in the glenoid, a shallow cavity in the scapula. The muscles of the rotator cuff include the suprasinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Gioacchino Gadsch


What causes abduction at the shoulder?

The muscles responsible for abduction of the arm include the deltoid and the infraspinatus. Now, arm flexion is caused by the pectoralis major and the coracobrachialis, whereas arm extension is caused by the latissimus dorsi.

Yijing Muinelo


What is the anatomy of the shoulder?

Shoulder Anatomy. The shoulder is made up of three bones: the scapula (shoulder blade), clavicle (collarbone) and humerus (upper arm bone). Two joints in the shoulder allow it to move: the acromioclavicular joint, where the highest point of the scapula (acromion) meets the clavicle, and the glenohumeral joint.

Petrica Lade


How do shoulder muscles work?

The tendons of these muscles surround and support the humerus while the contraction of the muscles rotates, adducts, or abducts the humerus. Located superior to the shoulder joint, the deltoid muscle works with the supraspinatus to abduct the arm at the shoulder.

Tahiche Mitkova


How does the scapula affect the movement of the shoulder?

The scapula is an important bone in the function of the shoulder joint. It engages in 6 types of motion, which allow for full-functional upper extremity movement including protraction, retraction, elevation, depression, upward rotation, and downward rotation.

Buenviaje Schuettpelz


What is the shoulder bone called?

The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone) as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons. The articulations between the bones of the shoulder make up the shoulder joints.

Pacita Ladwig


What are the 4 main ligaments of the shoulder?

A joint capsule is a watertight sac that surrounds a joint. In the shoulder, the joint capsule is formed by a group of ligaments that connect the humerus to the glenoid. These ligaments are the main source of stability for the shoulder. They are the superior, middle and inferior glenohumeral ligaments.

Granada Eraña


What does the infraspinatus do?

In human anatomy, the infraspinatus muscle is a thick triangular muscle, which occupies the chief part of the infraspinatous fossa. As one of the four muscles of the rotator cuff, the main function of the infraspinatus is to externally rotate the humerus and stabilize the shoulder joint.

Legarda Strobuchin


What is opposition?

In politics, the opposition comprises one or more political parties or other organized groups that are opposed, primarily ideologically, to the government (or, in American English, the administration), party or group in political control of a city, region, state, country or other political body.

Gerrit Arricibita


What does eversion mean?

Eversion (from the verb "evert") is the process of turning inside-out. Eversion may refer to: Eversion (kinesiology), the anatomical term of motion denoting the movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane.