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What is descriptive research study?

Last Updated: 7th April, 2021

Descriptive research is defined as a research method that describes the characteristics of the population or phenomenon that is being studied. In other words, descriptive research primarily focuses on describing the nature of a demographic segment, without focusing on “why” a certain phenomenon occurs.

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Similarly, what is descriptive research with example?

Descriptive research generally precedes explanatory research. For example, over time the periodic table's description of the elements allowed scientists to explain chemical reaction and make sound prediction when elements were combined. Hence, descriptive research cannot describe what caused a situation.

Also Know, what is a descriptive case study? A descriptive case study is one that is focused and detailed, in which propositions and questions about a phenomenon are carefully scrutinized and articulated at the outset. The main goal of the descriptive case study is to assess a sample in detail and in depth, based on an articulation of a descriptive theory.

Regarding this, what is the purpose of descriptive research?

While it's not grounded in statistics, and usually leans towards more qualitative methods, it can include quantifiable data as well. The purpose of descriptive research is, of course, to describe, as well as explain, or validate some sort of hypothesis or objective when it comes to a specific group of people.

What is descriptive research design according to?

A. Research Design According to Gay (1992: 217), descriptive research involves collecting data in order to test hypotheses or to answer questions concerning the current status of the subject of the study. A descriptive study determines and reports the way things are.

Related Question Answers

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Is a descriptive study qualitative or quantitative?

Descriptive research does not fit neatly into the definition of either quantitative or qualitative research methodologies, but instead it can utilize elements of both, often within the same study.

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What are the advantages of descriptive research?

Some of the major advantages of descriptive research are: Data collection: Descriptive research can be conducted by using specific methods like observational method, case study method and survey method. Between these 3, all major methods of data collection are covered which provides a lot of information.

Amma Schnackel


What are the major forms of descriptive research?

There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods. This article will briefly describe each of these methods, their advantages, and their drawbacks.

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What is descriptive method of analysis?

Descriptive statistics are used to describe the basic features of the data in a study. They provide simple summaries about the sample and the measures. Together with simple graphics analysis, they form the basis of virtually every quantitative analysis of data. Or we may measure a large number of people on any measure.

Livia Portomeñe


What is descriptive quantitative research design?

Quantitative research designs are either descriptive (subjects usually measured once) or experimental (subjects measured before and after a treatment). A descriptive study establishes only associations between variables. In an experiment, try to measure variables that might explain the mechanism of the treatment.

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What is an example of causal research?

The investigation into an issue or topic that looks at the effect of one thing or variable on another. For example, causal research might be used in a business environment to quantify the effect that a change to its present operations will have on its future production levels to assist in the business planning process.

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What are the 4 types of research design?

There are four main types of Quantitative research: Descriptive, Correlational, Causal-Comparative/Quasi-Experimental, and Experimental Research. attempts to establish cause- effect relationships among the variables. These types of design are very similar to true experiments, but with some key differences.

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What is a descriptive title?

Descriptive Titles
A descriptive title announces the topic of the work clearly and succinctly. It's the “obvious” title and generally lacks flair. Despite its lack of imaginativeness (or perhaps because of), this type of title is always appropriate and is usually expected in academic writing.

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Why is descriptive research design used?

Descriptive research. Descriptive research aims to accurately and systematically describe a population, situation or phenomenon. It can answer what, when, where, when and how questions, but not why questions. To determine cause and effect, experimental research is required.

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What is the purpose of correlational research?

One purpose for doing correlational research is to determine the degree to which a relationship exists between two or more variables.

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What is descriptive data?

Descriptive statistics is the term given to the analysis of data that helps describe, show or summarize data in a meaningful way such that, for example, patterns might emerge from the data. They are simply a way to describe our data.

Elden Vonderheidt


What do you mean by description?

(plural descriptions) A sketch or account of anything in words; a portraiture or representation in language; an enumeration of the essential qualities of a thing or species. The act of describing; a delineation by marks or signs. A set of characteristics by which someone or something can be recognized.

Iñake Leaburu


What are strengths of a study?

Qualitative method
Strengths Limitations
Complement and refine quantitative data Findings usually cannot be generalised to the study population or community
Provide more detailed information to explain complex issues More difficult to analyse; don't fit neatly in standard categories

Armindo Antonio


What are the two major types of research?

The two basic research approaches are quantitative and qualitative research. Both types have different purposes.

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What are the different types of case studies?

These types of case study include the following:
  • Illustrative Case Studies. These are primarily descriptive studies.
  • Exploratory (or pilot) Case Studies. These are condensed case studies performed before implementing a large scale investigation.
  • Cumulative Case Studies.
  • Critical Instance Case Studies.

Oilda Baldo


What is a qualitative descriptive case study?

The case study is a descriptive qualitative methodology that is used as a tool to study something specific in a complex phenomenon. The case study is the comprehensive study of one or very few research subjects, allowing obtaining a broad and detailed knowledge of the latter.

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What is an example of a descriptive study?

Descriptive, or qualitative, methods include the case study, naturalistic observation, surveys, archival research, longitudinal research, and cross-sectional research.

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What are the characteristics of descriptive research?

Descriptive research. Descriptive research is used to describe characteristics of a population or phenomenon being studied. It does not answer questions about how/when/why the characteristics occurred. Rather it addresses the "what" question (what are the characteristics of the population or situation being studied?)