Asked by: Eleodora Solanilla
science chemistry

What is electron proton and neutron?

Last Updated: 9th April, 2020

Summary. Electrons are a type ofsubatomicparticle with a negative charge. Protons are a typeofsubatomic particle with a positive charge. Protons areboundtogether in an atom's nucleus as a result of the strongnuclearforce. Neutrons are a type of subatomic particle withnocharge (they're neutral).

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Thereof, what is the difference between electron proton and neutron?

The main difference between Proton,Neutronand Electrons can be found in their charges.Protonsare positively charged and neutrons areneutral whereaselectrons are negatively charged.Protons are foundin the nucleus of the atom, andthey reside together withneutrons.

Likewise, who is discovered electron proton and neutron? Chadwick repeated their experiments but sought aneutralparticle - one with the same mass as a proton, butwith zerocharge.

what are the functions of protons neutrons and electrons?

Atomic Mass

Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
Charge Location
Proton +1 nucleus
Neutron 0 nucleus
Electron −1 orbitals

How does a neutron turn into a proton and an electron?

In beta minus (β) decay,aneutron is converted to a proton, andtheprocess creates an electron and anelectronantineutrino; while in beta plus(β+) decay, aproton is converted to aneutron and theprocess creates a positron and anelectron neutrino.β+ decay is also known aspositronemission.

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Adjona Uriona


Why is proton positively charged?

A proton has positive charge of 1, thatis,equal but opposite to the charge of an electron.Thecharge is believed to be from the charge ofthequarks that make up the nucleons (protonsandneutrons).

Liviu Schmied


Where is a neutron located?

You know that neutrons are found inthenucleus of an atom. Under normal conditions, protonsandneutrons stick together in the nucleus. Duringradioactivedecay, they may be knocked out of there. Neutronnumbers areable to change the mass of atoms, because they weighabout as muchas a proton and electron together.

Edelio Ricard


What is the charge of proton?

Proton Charge
While a proton has a charge of +1, or1e,an electron has a charge of -1, or -e, and a neutron hasnocharge, or 0e. 1 elementary charge is equal to:1.602x 10^-19 coulombs.

Jefferson Macleod


Are protons and electrons the same?

Atoms are made of extremely tiny particlescalledprotons, neutrons, and electrons.Protons andneutrons are in the center of the atom, making upthe nucleus. Thecharge on the proton and electron areexactly thesame size but opposite. Since opposite chargesattract,protons and electrons attract eachother.

Vallivana Villamisar


What are the properties of a neutron?

Neutrons are ½ spin particles–fermionic statistics. Neutrons are neutral particles–no net electric charge. Neutrons have non-zeromagneticmoment. Free neutrons (outside a nucleus) areunstable anddecay via beta decay.

Stefan Trigg


Why do neutrons have no charge?

Unlike protons, which have apositivecharge, or electrons, which have anegativecharge, neutrons have zero chargewhich meansthey are neutral particles. Neutrons bind withprotons withthe residual strong force. Like all hadrons,neutrons aremade of quarks. A neutron is made of twodown quarks and oneup quark.

Alvin Vilagran


Why is electron negatively charged?

Electrons are the negativelychargedparticles of atom. Together, all of the electronsof an atomcreate a negative charge that balances thepositivecharge of the protons in the atomicnucleus.Electrons are extremely small compared to all of theotherparts of the atom.

Alieu Gajraj


What are electrons responsible for?

The electrons are responsible fortheactual chemistry happening around an atom, however the numberofelectrons in an atom is determined by the charge ofthenucleus, i.e. by the protons.

Imara Serralvo


Who discovered atom?

John Dalton was the first to adapt Democritus'theoryinto the first modern atomic model. J.J Thomson wasaphysicist who is credited for discovering the electron.Heused his research on cathode ray tube technology inthisdiscovery. 3.

Wadii Escribano


What are the properties of electron?

Electron properties
Electrons have threefundamentalproperties: charge, mass, and spin. Bydefinition, theelectric charge on an electron is −1.The mass of anelectron has been measured and found to be9.109389 ×10 31 kilograms.Electrons alsospin on their axes in much the same way thatplanetsdo.

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Why do we need neutrons?

Answer 2: Not all atoms need neutrons ---thehydrogen atom has no neutrons. This is because protonshavepositive charges and the only reason that they are willing tostaytogether in the nucleus is because the neutronseffectivelyact as "filters" for these positive charges byinteracting with theprotons themselves.

Cristobalina El Hadri


What are the mass of protons neutrons and electrons?

Protons, neutrons, and electrons:Bothprotons and neutrons have a mass of 1 amuandare found in the nucleus. However, protons have a chargeof+1, and neutrons are uncharged. Electrons haveamass of approximately 0 amu, orbit the nucleus, and haveacharge of -1.

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What does Amu mean?

atomic mass unit

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What are electrons made of?

We learn in school that matter is made ofatomsand that atoms are made of smaller ingredients:protons,neutrons and electrons. Protons and neutrons aremadeof quarks, but electrons aren't. As far as we cantell,quarks and electrons are fundamental particles, notbuiltout of anything smaller.

Precious Pujol


How do you find the electrons?

Structure of the Atom. The number of protons,neutrons,and electrons in an atom can be determined from aset ofsimple rules. The number of protons in the nucleus of theatom isequal to the atomic number (Z). The number ofelectrons in aneutral atom is equal to the number ofprotons.

Maiol Pham


Who is the father of Proton?

Image: Ernest Rutherford (30 August 1871 –19October 1937), discoverer of the proton andthefather of nuclear physics. The proton is amassive,positively charged particle made up of two up quarks andone downquark.

Ozell Pecho


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Who gave the name of Proton?

Proton was discovered by Goldstein but gavethename 'proton' by Rutherford. Neutron was discoveredandnamed by James chadwick. Electron was discovered by J JThompson butgave the name 'electron' by Jstoney.