Asked by: Marçal Salzedas
medical health first aid

What is Loc in nursing assessment?

Last Updated: 24th March, 2020

LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS (LOC) indicates a patient's level of arousal and awareness. These three criteria are used in the Glasgow Coma Scale, designed primarily for patients with impaired consciousness following brain injury.

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Keeping this in consideration, how do you describe Loc?

Level of consciousness (LOC) is a measurement of a person's arousability and responsiveness to stimuli from the environment. A mildly depressed level of consciousness or alertness may be classed as lethargy; someone in this state can be aroused with little difficulty.

Likewise, how do you assess patient orientation? Orientation - Determine if the person is "awake, alert, and oriented, times three (to person, place, and time)." This is frequently abbreviated AAOx3 which also serves as a mnemonic. The assessment involves asking the patient to repeat his own full name, his present location, and today's date.

Keeping this in view, what does AVPU stand for?

alert, verbal, pain, unresponsive

What are the 5 levels of consciousness?

You will find inside this lesson, underneath the video (above), a schematic drawing of these five levels of Consciousness.

  • Level 1: I-AM Consciousness.
  • Level 2: Points of View.
  • Level 3: The Unconscious / Beliefs.
  • Level 4: The Subconscious / Feelings.
  • Level 5: The Conscious Mind / Thought.

Related Question Answers

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What is the medical term for LOC?

LOC. Abbreviation for level of consciousness; loss of consciousness.

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Do unconscious patients hear?

Hearing is one of the last human senses retained during the dying process. Unconscious people may still hear you – keep talking, touching and providing comfort.

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What are 4 levels of consciousness?

The Four Levels of Performance Consciousness
  • Unconscious Incompetent.
  • Unconscious Competent.
  • Conscious Incompetent.
  • Conscious Competent.

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What are the 6 levels of consciousness?

The Six Levels of Consciousness
  • Life happens to you.
  • Life happens by you.
  • Life happens in you.
  • Life happens for you.
  • Life happens through you.
  • Life is you.

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What are the three levels of consciousness?

Sigmund Freud divided human consciousness into three levels of awareness: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. Modern psychological approaches to understanding consciousness include developmental, social, and neuropsychological; each contribute a different understanding of what consciousness might be.

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What is a stupor?

Definition of stupor. 1 : a condition of greatly dulled or completely suspended sense or sensibility a drunken stupor specifically : a chiefly mental condition marked by absence of spontaneous movement, greatly diminished responsiveness to stimulation, and usually impaired consciousness.

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What classifies a coma?

Neurology, Psychiatry. A coma is a deep state of prolonged unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awakened; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.

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What are neuro checks in nursing?

Neurological assessments include (at a minimum) pulse, respiration, and blood pressure measurements; assessment of pupil size and reactivity; and equality of hand grip strength. Completing the Glasgow Coma Scale immediately, then once each shift following a head injury, helps keep findings objective.

Marinka Jully


What are neuro vital signs?

Vital signs:
Vital signs include respiratory rate & pattern, oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature. Changes in vital signs in the patient with neurological problems may be an indicator of neurological deterioration, in particular for patients with brainstem pathology or increased ICP.

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What are the 5 components of a neurological examination?

The neurological exam can be organized into 7 categories: (1) mental status, (2) cranial nerves, (3) motor system, (4) reflexes, (5) sensory system, (6) coordination, and (7) station and gait. You should approach the exam systematically and establish a routine so as not to leave anything out.

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What is the most sensitive indicator of neurologic change?

Consciousness is the most sensitive indicator of neurological change; as such, a change in the LOC is usually the first sign to be noted in neurological signs when the brain is compromised.

Daniell Camañez


What is used to assess an infant's neurological functioning?

A neurological exam, also called a neuro exam, is an evaluation of your child's nervous system that can be done in the healthcare provider's office. It may be done with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers. It usually does not cause any pain to the child.

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Why is neurological assessment important?

The purpose of a neurological assessment is to detect neurological disease or injury in your patient, monitor its progression to determine the type of care you'll provide, and gauge the patient's response to your interventions (Noah, 2004).

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What are neurological observations?

Neurological observation is the collection of information on a patient's central nervous system (consisting of the brain and spinal cord). As baseline observations; Following a neurosurgical procedure; Post-trauma.

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What happens at your first neurologist appointment?

During your first appointment, a Neurologist will likely ask you to participate in a physical exam and neurological exam. Neurological exams are tests that measure muscle strength, sensation, reflexes, and coordination. Because of the complexity of the nervous system, you may be asked to undergo further testing.

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How do you measure consciousness?

Neuroimaging tools such as EEG, MEG, fMRI and transcranial magnetic stimulation (each with their own strengths and weaknesses), are able to provide information on activity happening within the brain even in coma and vegetative patients.

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What is the difference between unconscious and unresponsive?

The term “unconscious” is vague in a medical sense but commonly refers to someone who simply is not awake. Coma is deep unconsciousness from which you cannot be awakened at all–truly “unresponsive.” Emergency medical dispatch protocols usually recognize only two mental states: conscious and unconscious.

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What is EMS sample?

SAMPLE” is a first aid mnemonic acronym used for a person's medical assessment. The questions that are asked to the patient include Signs & Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Past medical history, Last oral intake, and Events leading up to present injury (SAMPLE).

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What are the 4 levels of response first aid?

AVPU (Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive)
  • Alert: The patient is aware of the examiner and can respond to the environment around them on their own.
  • Verbally Responsive: The patient's eyes do not open spontaneously.
  • Painfully Responsive: The patient's eyes do not open spontaneously.
  • Unresponsive: The patient does not respond spontaneously.