Asked by: Yanfen Saks
music and audio tv and film podcasts

What is microphone and types of microphone?

Last Updated: 5th March, 2020

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The most common are the dynamic microphone,whichuses a coil of wire suspended in a magnetic field; thecondensermicrophone, which uses the vibrating diaphragm asacapacitor plate; and the piezoelectric microphone,whichuses a crystal of piezoelectric material.

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In respect to this, what are the different types of microphone?

In this article I'll go through all the 4 most commonanduseful microphone types and what they do best.

  • Dynamic Microphones. Dynamic Mics are the workhorses ofthemicrophone world.
  • Large Diaphragm Condenser Microphones.
  • Small Diaphragm Condenser Microphones.
  • Ribbon Microphones.

Subsequently, question is, what is a microphone capsule? A microphone is a very unique audio tool inthatit is a mix of mechanical and electrical components. Whethertheyare low cost Chinese mics or moderately expensive US orEuropeanbrands, the same basic capsule design can be foundbehindthe grille under hundreds of brand names.

Simply so, what are the three types of microphones?

There are a few great overall mics to have but there'sareason for the wide array – depends on the job.

  • First a word on patterns. There are 4 main types ofmicrophones:cardioid, super cardioid, omni and figure 8.
  • Dynamic mics.
  • Condenser mics.
  • Ribbon mics.

What are the uses of microphone?

Microphones are used in manyapplicationssuch as telephones, hearing aids, public addresssystems forconcert halls and public events, motion pictureproduction, liveand recorded audio engineering, sound recording,two-way radios,megaphones, radio and television broadcasting, andin computers forrecording voice,

Related Question Answers

Marinela Hapaev

Professional

What are the two main types of microphones?

There are three main types of microphones:
  • Dynamic Mics.
  • Condenser Mics.
  • and Ribbon Mics.

Xiaolong Bigorra

Professional

What is an omnidirectional microphone used for?

Omni. Also called Omnidirectional, this typeofpolar pattern picks up sound equally around themicrophone.These are meant to sound very natural and openare well suitedenvironments that have good acoustics. They are alsogreat inrecording situations where natural, open sounds arethegoal.

Eba Rahalsky

Explainer

How does a microphone record sound?

Inside the microphone, the diaphragm (muchsmallerthan you'd find in a loudspeaker and usually made of verythinplastic) moves back and forth when the sound waves hitit.The electric current flows out from the microphone toanamplifier or sound recording device.

Luise Oramas

Explainer

Do you need an amp for a microphone?

A preamp is one of those essential items for yourstudio.If you use a condenser microphone, whichrequires 48vphantom power to work, you'll need apreamp to provideit! In most cases today, any cheap audiointerface will havebuilt-in preamps already, but that doesn't meanyou don'trequire an externalpre-amplifier.

Hermelinda Mahabala

Explainer

What type of microphone is best for voice over?

15 Best voice-over microphones for home recording
  • Sennheiser MKH416-P48U3.
  • Newmann TLM 103.
  • Electro-Voice RE20.
  • Blue Microphone Bottle Tube.
  • Blue Yeti USB Microphone.
  • Blue Microphones Snowball.
  • Shure SM7B.
  • CAD Large Diaphragm Condenser.

Lavonda Urizcestau

Pundit

When would you use a dynamic microphone?

Dynamic microphones for vocals and amplifiersandall purpose recording. The Shure SM57 microphone isanindustry standard mic that is a must-have in yourstudio.They are extremely durable and are perfect for recordinghighvolume and percussive instruments such as snare drums,guitaramplifiers and even vocals.

Katalina Monserrat

Pundit

How are microphones classified?

A diaphragm, either metal or plastic, vibratesinresponse to a sound wave and transmits the movement toanelectrical component causing an induction of an electricalcurrent.Microphones can be classified according tothe waythe diaphragm transmits sound or the way they pick upthesounds.

Shabnam Derkachenko

Pundit

What's the difference between a condenser microphone and a dynamic microphone?

The difference between a dynamic andacondenser microphone is a dynamic microphoneisbetter for capturing loud, strong sounds (drums or loudvocals),particularly in a live setting, whereas acondensermicrophone is used to capture more delicate soundsand higherfrequencies (studio vocals for example),particularly

Chistopher Winkelmaier

Pundit

What is the difference between cardioid and supercardioid microphones?

A Supercardioid polar pattern is moredirectionalthan Cardioid; Hypercardioid even more so.UnlikeCardioid, both of these polar patterns have sensitiverearlobes (smaller in the Supercardioid) that pick upsound,which can make positioning these highly-directionalmicssomewhat tricky.

Moulay Maraidou

Pundit

What kind of microphones do singers use?

Some top singers use relativelyinexpensivedynamic mics such as the iconic Shure SM58,rather thancondenser models, because the dynamic mic givesthem awarmer, thicker sound and tends to wear better over time. Ontheother hand, a breathy, delicate voice can benefit from thedetailedhigh end of a condenser mic.

Lazara Secio

Teacher

What is phantom power mic?

Phantom Power or +48V is a method of sendinganelectrical current through a microphone cable. It ismostwidely used as a power source forcondensermicrophones. Phantom power provides avoltage forboth these purposes. Dynamic microphones do notrequirephantom power.