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What is narrow spectrum and broad spectrum?

Last Updated: 15th June, 2020

Narrow-spectrum antibiotics are only effective against a narrow range of bacteria, whereas broad-spectrum antibiotics are effective against a broad range of bacteria.

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Consequently, what is meant by narrow spectrum?

Medical Definition of narrow-spectrum : effective against only a limited range of organisms narrow-spectrum antibiotics effective only against gram-negative bacteria — compare broad-spectrum.

Also, is erythromycin broad or narrow spectrum? Broad-spectrum antibiotic activity and notable broad-spectrum antibiotics. In contrast, narrow-spectrum antibiotics are only effective against Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacteria. Notable broad-spectrum antibiotics include ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, and streptomycin.

Simply so, is clindamycin broad or narrow spectrum?

Introduction. Clindamycin is a broad spectrum antibiotic used orally, topically and parenterally for bacterial infections due to sensitive organisms.

Are macrolides broad or narrow spectrum?

The macrolides are bacteriostatic antibiotics with a broad spectrum of activity against many gram-positive bacteria. Currently available macrolides are well tolerated, orally available and widely used to treat mild-to-moderate infections.

Related Question Answers

Ouadie Schmith

Professional

What is a narrow spectrum antibiotic example?

Narrow-spectrum antibiotics are active against a select group of bacterial types. Examples of narrow-spectrum antibiotics are the older penicillins (penG), the macrolides and vancomycin.

Waldir Turoverov

Professional

Is Penicillin a narrow spectrum?

Benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G) is narrow spectrum antibiotic used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria. It is a natural penicillin antibiotic that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly due to poor oral absorption.

Arritxu Cirino

Professional

Which is better broad spectrum or narrow spectrum?

Narrow-spectrum antibiotics perform equally well or better than broad-spectrum ones, which can kill off more of the “good” bacteria in your body and cause other bacteria to become resistant to those antibiotics in the future.

Niamh Schoenholtz

Explainer

Why is it better to use narrow spectrum antibiotics?

Advantages. Narrow-spectrum antibiotic allow to kill only those bacteria species that are unwanted (i.e. causing disease). As such, it leaves the beneficial bacteria unaffected, hence minimizing the collateral damage effect on the microbiota.

Bubacarr Duniss

Explainer

Is ampicillin broad or narrow spectrum?

This is in contrast to a narrow-spectrum antibiotic, which is effective against only a specific group of bacteria. An example of a commonly used broad-spectrum antibiotic is ampicillin.

Holga Fraunholz

Explainer

Is vancomycin a narrow spectrum antibiotic?

Vancomycin. Vancomycin is a narrow-spectrum bactericidal antibiotic used primarily for treatment of serious staphylococcal infections. It is the alternative therapy of choice when the penicillins and cephalosporins cannot be used.

Floy Terweide

Pundit

What is selective toxicity?

Selective toxicity refers to the ability of the drug to targets sites that are relative specific to the microorganism responsible for infection. Sometimes these sites are unique to the microorganism or simply more essential to survival of the microorganism than to the host.

Eryn Murias

Pundit

Is amoxicillin a narrow spectrum antibiotic?

Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is effective against bacteria both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria [3] .

Fenfen Dempsey

Pundit

Is clindamycin hard on your liver?

It is metabolized and excreted by the liver. While clindamycin has many side effects, hepatotoxicity is a rare culprit in liver damage [4, 5].

Antoinette Simonet

Pundit

What are the side effects of taking clindamycin?

Clindamycin Side Effects
  • Skin problems, such as hives, rash, red, shedding, or peeling skin.
  • Yellow appearance of the skin, nails, or whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Vomiting, severe stomach pain, or diarrhea.
  • Signs of low blood pressure, ranging from dizziness to fainting.

Marlyn Teeuwen

Pundit

Is clindamycin safe to use?

Clindamycin doesn't kill the viruses that cause colds and flu. And like other antibiotics, clindamycin can cause overgrowth of dangerous bacteria in the large intestine. This can occur during treatment with clindamycin or up to several months after treatment has ended.

Elva Alvarez De Arcaya

Teacher

Can you put moisturizer over clindamycin?

Do not take clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide gel with moisturizer cream by mouth. Use on your skin only. If you get clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide gel with moisturizer cream in any of these areas, rinse well with water. Wash your hands before and after use.

Isrrael Kisters

Teacher

Is clindamycin a wide spectrum antibiotic?

Clindamycin is a prescription antibiotic. It is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections in the lungs, skin, blood and internal organs. "Clindamycin is a broad spectrum antibiotic that addresses a number of ailments.

Gaiska Jukhov

Teacher

Is bacitracin broad or narrow spectrum?

Narrow spectrum antibacterials have limited activity and are primarily only useful against particular species of microorganisms. For example, glycopeptides and bacitracin are only effective against Gram-positive bacteria, whereas polymixins are usually only effective against Gram negative bacteria.

Zhulieta Improta

Teacher

What bacteria does clindamycin kill?

Clindamycin is a lincosamide antibiotic that has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of anaerobic, streptococcal, and staphylococcal infections.

Glynda Bidasolo

Reviewer

How long does clindamycin stay in your system?

After oral administration of clindamycin hydrochloride, elimination half-life is increased to approximately 4.0 hours (range 3.4-5.1 h) in the elderly compared to 3.2 hours (range 2.1 - 4.2 h) in younger adults.

IƱaki Laun

Reviewer

What is the strongest antibiotic for bacterial infection?

Popular Bacterial Infection Drugs
  • amoxicillin$9.15.
  • Augmentin (amoxicillin / potassium clavulanate)$17.70.
  • Keflex (cephalexin)$11.87.
  • Cleocin (clindamycin)$35.15.
  • Zithromax (azithromycin)$11.92.
  • Acticlate (doxycycline hyclate)$11.68.
  • Morgidox (doxycycline hyclate)$11.68.
  • Vibramycin (doxycycline hyclate)$11.68.

Jama Lhuillier

Reviewer

Is ciprofloxacin broad or narrow spectrum?

Ciprofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic of the fluoroquinolone class. It is active against some Gram-positive and many Gram-negative bacteria. It functions by inhibiting DNA gyrase, and a type II topoisomerase, topoisomerase IV, necessary to separate bacterial DNA, thereby inhibiting cell division.

Boyko Volhard

Reviewer

Is aminoglycosides broad or narrow spectrum?

The aminoglycosides are broad-spectrum, bactericidal antibiotics that are commonly prescribed for children, primarily for infections caused by Gram-negative pathogens. Aminoglycosides are polar drugs, with poor gastrointestinal absorption, so intravenous or intramuscular administration is needed.