Asked by: Jolyn Ruadhainmedical health diabetes
What is Prerenal azotemia?
Last Updated: 15th March, 2020
Click to see full answer.
Then, what causes Prerenal azotemia?
Prerenal azotemia is caused by a decrease in blood flow (hypoperfusion) to the kidneys. It can occur following hemorrhage, shock, volume depletion, congestive heart failure, adrenal insufficiency, and narrowing of the renal artery among other things. The BUN:Cr in prerenal azotemia is greater than 20.
Secondly, how is Prerenal azotemia diagnosed? Azotemia is a condition that occurs when your kidneys have been damaged by disease or an injury. You get it when your kidneys are no longer able to get rid of enough nitrogen waste. Azotemia is usually diagnosed by using urine and blood tests. These tests will check your blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels.
Moreover, how is Prerenal azotemia treated?
The main goal of treatment is to quickly correct the cause before the kidney becomes damaged. People often need to stay in the hospital. Intravenous (IV) fluids, including blood or blood products, may be used to increase blood volume.
What are the symptoms of azotemia?
Signs and symptoms of prerenal azotemia include the following:
- Reduced urine production; little or no urine produced.
- Confusion and decreased alertness that progressively worsens.
- Abdominal pain.
- Rapid pulse.
- Dry mouth.
- Increased urination at night.