Asked by: Vijay Mentadohealthy living nutrition
What is released when two amino acid undergo a reaction to form a polypeptide?
Last Updated: 1st January, 2020
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Similarly, you may ask, when two amino acids react to form a peptide bond What new functional group is created?
A peptide bond is a chemical bond formed between two molecules when the carboxyl group of one molecule reacts with the amino group of the other molecule, releasing a molecule of water (H2O). This is a dehydration synthesis reaction (also known as a condensation reaction), and usually occurs between amino acids.
Subsequently, question is, how do amino acids react to form polypeptides? To form polypeptides and proteins, amino acids are joined together by peptide bonds, in which the amino or NH2 of one amino acid bonds to the carboxyl (acid) or COOH group of another amino acid.
Similarly, you may ask, when amino acids are joined together by peptide bonds What is the result?
Peptide-Bond Formation. The linking of two amino acids is accompanied by the loss of a molecule of water. A series of amino acids joined by peptide bonds form a polypeptide chain, and each amino acid unit in a polypeptide is called a residue.
How is a polypeptide formed?
Polypeptides are formed during translation, which is the process of building a polypeptide chain from amino acids guided by the sequence of codons on mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid). During translation, the sequence of nucleotides in the mRNA determines the sequence of amino acids in a protein.