Asked by: Rameez Kleinke
medical health infectious diseases

What is the difference between dengue malaria and chikungunya?

Last Updated: 10th February, 2020

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They are both viral infections spread by the Aedes mosquito (in contrast to the Anopheles mosquito, which is associated with malaria). However, they are caused by different forms of virus; chikungunya is caused by a Togaviridae alphavirus, while dengue is caused by a Flavirideae flavivirus.

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Also asked, how can you tell the difference between dengue and chikungunya?

Initial symptoms for chikungunya include fever, joint and muscle pain, eye infection and rashes while for dengue initially the symptoms involve fever, pain in joints, eye pain and rashes. In chikungunya, rashes appear on the torso and the arms while in dengue, they appear on the arms and the face.

One may also ask, how does dengue chikungunya and malaria diseases are spread? Unlike Malaria, which is associated with Anopheles mosquito, Dengue and Chikungunya are infections spread by the Aedes mosquito. While both Dengue and Chikungunya are insect-borne viral diseases, Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium that normally spread through infected mosquitoes.

In this regard, are dengue and malaria the same?

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium - a single-celled parasite that is transmitted through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. Dengue, on the other hand, is also transmitted by a mosquito bite - the Aedes mosquito to be precise.

Can dengue and chikungunya occur together?

INTRODUCTION: Dengue and chikungunya (CHIK) infections appear to be increasing in all parts of India. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are common vectors for dengue virus (DENV) and CHIK virus (CHIKV). In areas where both viruses cocirculate, they can be transmitted together.

Related Question Answers

Kyla Zoonekynd

Professional

Is there a blood test for chikungunya?

The type of testing performed is typically dictated by the timing and volume of samples available. Blood test is the only reliable way to identify chikungunya since the symptoms are similar to much more deadly dengue fever. Common laboratory tests for chikungunya include for instance RT-PCR and serological tests.

Peña Shadhan

Professional

Can you have chikungunya without fever?

However, some have symptoms persisting for months; others have symptoms come and go without having a new infection. Most symptoms resolve in days or within one to two weeks, particularly for those who are younger. Fever often lasts only two to three days and ends abruptly.

Stefani Ordines

Professional

How do you get rid of chikungunya joint pain?

Treat the symptoms:
  1. Get plenty of rest.
  2. Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
  3. Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.
  4. Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding).

Orazio Manke

Explainer

What is the best treatment for chikungunya?

There are no specific treatments for chikungunya. There is no vaccine currently available. Chikungunya is treated symptomatically, usually with bed rest, fluids, and medicines to relieve symptoms of fever and aching such as ibuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophen, or paracetamol. Aspirin should be avoided.

Jammie Weinheimer

Explainer

Does platelet count decrease in chikungunya?

The common symptoms of chikungunya and dengue are continuous high fever for more than three days, extreme weakness, red or brown rashes on the body (occasional bruising), followed by joint pain and low blood (platelets) count. Although not contagious, they can be transmitted if bitten by the aedes aegypti mosquito.

Mariza Mohlenhoff

Explainer

Which is worse dengue or chikungunya?

Dengue fever and chikungunya are viral infections spread by types of mosquito. Both infections have similar symptoms, including fever, malaise and fatigue. However, they are caused by different forms of virus; chikungunya is caused by a Togaviridae alphavirus, while dengue is caused by a Flavirideae flavivirus.

Miluda Kabisch

Pundit

Can chikungunya cause rheumatoid arthritis?

The reported case was caused by chikungunya virus infection during an epidemic in Saint Martin in October 2013. Although the proportion of patients with chronic disease has decreased, post-chikungunya chronic inflammatory rheumatism, mostly rheumatoid arthritis, develops in ≈5% of these patients (8).

Lynsey Iruguruzeta

Pundit

How can Chikungunya be diagnosed?

Diagnosis. Several methods can be used for diagnosis. Serological tests, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), may confirm the presence of IgM and IgG anti-chikungunya antibodies. IgM antibody levels are highest 3 to 5 weeks after the onset of illness and persist for about 2 months.

Flerida Fraunhofer

Pundit

What are the warning signs of dengue?

These warning signs typically accompany a decrease in temperature (below 38 deg C) and include:
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Rapid breathing.
  • Persistent vomiting.
  • Blood in vomit.
  • Fluid accumulation in the body.
  • Mucosal (gums and nose) bleeding.
  • Liver enlargement.
  • Rapid decrease in platelet count.

Agricio Almanzar

Pundit

How is dengue and malaria treated?

Treatment for Dengue Fever
There is no specific medicine to treat dengue infection. If you think you may have dengue fever, you should use pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoid medicines with aspirin, which could worsen bleeding. You should also rest, drink plenty of fluids, and see your doctor.

Iesha Altshuler

Pundit

How many days does it take to recover from dengue?

Symptoms of dengue typically last 2–7 days. Most people will recover after about a week.

Michiel Adamenko

Teacher

How do I know if I have malaria or a mosquito bite?

Malaria signs and symptoms typically begin within a few weeks after being bitten by an infected mosquito. However, some types of malaria parasites can lie dormant in your body for up to a year.

Symptoms
  1. Fever.
  2. Chills.
  3. Headache.
  4. Nausea and vomiting.
  5. Muscle pain and fatigue.

Rosemeire Cue

Teacher

Is Dengue fever on and off?

Dengue (DEN-gee) fever is a tropical disease caused by a virus carried by mosquitoes. The virus can cause fever, headaches, rashes, and pain throughout the body. Most cases of dengue fever are mild and go away on their own after about a week.

Natali Kalinka

Teacher

How do you test for dengue?

Two primary types of testing are available: Molecular testing (polymerase chain reaction, PCR)—this type of test detects the genetic material of the dengue virus in blood within the first week after symptoms appear (fever) and can be used to determine which of the 4 serotypes is causing the infection.

Sumiko Escarate

Teacher

What should we eat in dengue?

Healthy diet tips for dengue patients
  • Vegetables. Vegetables such as spinach, pumpkin, paprika, carrot, watercress, celery, broccoli and beet root will trigger your platelet levels and help you purify your body.
  • Fruits.
  • Papaya leaves.
  • Green Coconut water.
  • Nuts.
  • Gooseberry.
  • Aloe Vera.
  • Yogurt.

Neptali Uriola

Reviewer

Is itching a sign of dengue?

Cutaneous manifestations provide an important clue to dengue fever. In patients with dengue fever, those with skin rash tend to have itching and swelling of the palms/soles, however, those without skin rash tend to have more complications and poor disease outcomes.

Anselm Admoni

Reviewer

Can dengue and typhoid happen together?

If not treated early, dengue and typhoid together, may lead to multi-organ involvement and further undesired consequences.

Yoel Jegunov

Reviewer

How many humans have mosquitoes killed?

Nearly 700 million people get a mosquito-borne illness each year resulting in over one million deaths.

Ashanti Gavara

Reviewer

Does Chikungunya spread by touch?

Like most mosquito-borne infections, the virus can only be transmitted by blood-to-blood contact, through a mosquito bite or transfusion with infected blood. There is no risk of contracting Chikungunya from an infected patient by touching or caring for them.