Asked by: Noella Almena
medical health cancer

What is the difference between lymphocytic and lymphoblastic leukemia?

Last Updated: 8th March, 2020

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is also called acute lymphoblastic leukemia. “Acute” means that the leukemia can progress quickly, and if not treated, would probably be fatal within a few months. "Lymphocytic" means it develops from early (immature) forms of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.

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Moreover, what is the difference between myelogenous and lymphocytic leukemia?

If the abnormal white blood cells are primarily granulocytes or monocytes, the leukemia is categorized as myelogenous, or myeloid, leukemia. On the other hand, if the abnormal blood cells arise from bone marrow lymphocytes, the cancer is called lymphocytic leukemia.

Beside above, how can you tell the difference between leukemia? Cancer can affect any part of the body, including the blood. Leukemia and lymphoma are both forms of blood cancer. The main difference is that leukemia affects the blood and bone marrow, while lymphomas tend to affect the lymph nodes.

Subsequently, one may also ask, is lymphocytic the same as lymphoblastic?

Acute lymphocytic leukemia, also called lymphoblastic or lymphoid, accounts for about 75 percent of the childhood leukemias. In this form of the disease, the lymphocyte cell line is affected. The lymphocytes normally fight infection.

What are the 4 types of leukemia?

There are 4 main types of leukemia, based on whether they are acute or chronic, and myeloid or lymphocytic:

  • Acute myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (CML)
  • Acute lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia (ALL)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

Related Question Answers

Harpal Kasp

Professional

What is the most aggressive type of leukemia?

AML is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). With CLL, the most common chronic adult leukemia, you may feel well for years without needing treatment. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).

Mireilla Kaiser

Professional

What is the first sign of leukemia?

The symptoms of leukemia may be very subtle at first and include fatigue, unexplained fever, abnormal bruising, headaches, excessive bleeding (such as frequent nosebleeds), unintentional weight loss, and frequent infections, to name a few. These, however, can be due to a wide range of causes.

Augusta Andratschke

Professional

What is the life expectancy of a person with leukemia?

Long term survival of leukemia varies greatly, depending upon multiple factors, including type of leukemia and age of the patient. ALL: In general, the disease goes into remission in nearly all children who have it. More than four out of five children live at least five years. The prognosis for adults is not as good.

Penda Queiros

Explainer

Which type of leukemia is curable?

Acute leukemias can often be cured with treatment. Chronic leukemias are unlikely to be cured with treatment, but treatments are often able to control the cancer and manage symptoms. Some people with chronic leukemia may be candidates for stem cell transplantation, which does offer a chance for cure.

Yanis Verheugen

Explainer

How long can you live with chronic leukemia?

According to UpToDate, a clinical database by and for doctors, about a third of people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia live for 10 to 20 years after a diagnosis. However, some people live for only a few years after diagnosis. Others live for up to 10 years.

Narjis Gambara

Explainer

What foods should I avoid with chronic myeloid leukemia?

When following a neutropenic diet, you generally must avoid:
  • all uncooked vegetables.
  • most uncooked fruits, except those with a thick peel like banana or citrus fruits.
  • raw or rare meat.
  • uncooked fish.
  • uncooked or undercooked eggs.
  • most foods from salad bars and deli counters.

Romelia Traeger

Pundit

Which is worse acute or chronic leukemia?

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood. It forms when blood cells in the bone marrow malfunction and form cancerous cells. Chronic leukemia is a slow-growing leukemia. Acute leukemia is a fast-growing leukemia that progresses quickly without treatment.

Gordana Behrns

Pundit

Is there a mild form of leukemia?

The types of leukemia
The onset of leukemia can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (slow onset). In acute leukemia, cancer cells multiply quickly. In chronic leukemia, the disease progresses slowly and early symptoms may be very mild.

Maryline Galy

Pundit

What is the rarest form of leukemia?

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare cancer in adults that is usually found during testing for a low blood count. Read more about what doctors at MSK are looking for when they diagnose HCL. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a rare cancer in adults, but it is the most common form of leukemia in children.

Bogumil Arenilla

Pundit

Why is leukemia so deadly?

They can keep the body from making normal, healthy cells. Eventually, a person will start to lack RBCs that carry oxygen, platelets that prevent easy bleeding, and WBCs that protect the body from diseases. That's because their body is too busy making the leukemic blast cells. The result can be deadly.

Ermes Loitzyansky

Pundit

What are the signs and symptoms of acute lymphocytic leukemia?

Signs and symptoms of acute lymphocytic leukemia may include:
  • Bleeding from the gums.
  • Bone pain.
  • Fever.
  • Frequent infections.
  • Frequent or severe nosebleeds.
  • Lumps caused by swollen lymph nodes in and around the neck, underarm, abdomen or groin.
  • Pale skin.
  • Shortness of breath.

Agatha Eckmeier

Teacher

Is acute lymphoblastic leukemia curable?

What are the survival rates for acute lymphoblastic leukemia? About 98% of children with ALL go into remission within weeks after starting treatment. About 90% of those children can be cured. Patients are considered cured after 10 years in remission.

Nena Reinl

Teacher

Is acute lymphoblastic leukemia deadly?

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia invades the blood and can spread throughout the body to other organs, such as the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes. It is an acute type of leukemia, which means it can progress quickly. Without treatment, it can be fatal within a few months.

Heloise Hurbil

Teacher

Is lymphocytic leukemia hereditary?

Leukemia is generally not considered a hereditary disease. However, having a close family member with leukemia increases your risk of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. According to a 2013 paper published in Seminars in Hematology, research points to an inherited factor for CLL.

Fabriciana Medha

Teacher

Does acute lymphoblastic leukemia have stages?

Stages of Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Once adult ALL has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if the cancer has spread to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) or to other parts of the body. There is no standard staging system for adult ALL.

Cian Godeker

Reviewer

Are you born with leukemia?

Leukemia can develop due to a problem with blood cell production. It usually affects the leukocytes, or white blood cells. Leukemia is most likely to affect people over the age of 55 years, but it is also the most common cancer in those aged under 15 years.

Honesta Liccardo

Reviewer

How long can you live with acute lymphoblastic leukemia?

About these statistics. The terms 1 year survival and 5 year survival don't mean that you will only live for 1 or 5 years. They relate to the number of people who are still alive 1 year or 5 years after their diagnosis of cancer. Some people live much longer than 5 years.

Borislava Weiskopf

Reviewer

Can you have lymphoma for years without knowing?

Low-Grade Lymphoma
These grow so slowly that patients can live for many years mostly without symptoms, although some may experience pain from an enlarged lymph gland. After five to 10 years, low-grade disorders begin to progress rapidly to become aggressive or high-grade and produce more severe symptoms.

Basem Carres

Reviewer

What foods should you avoid if you have lymphoma?

Now, Zheng says, it seems clear that a major factor in the mysterious rise of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a diet high in meat, saturated fats, dairy products, and eggs and low in fiber, fruits, and vegetables.