Asked by: Dany Delaruescience genetics
What is the function of mitochondria in biology?
Last Updated: 1st March, 2020
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Keeping this in view, what are the three functions of mitochondria?
Function. The most prominent roles of mitochondria are to produce the energy currency of the cell, ATP (i.e., phosphorylation of ADP), through respiration, and to regulate cellular metabolism. The central set of reactions involved in ATP production are collectively known as the citric acid cycle, or the Krebs cycle.
Beside above, what is the definition of mitochondria in biology? Definition. noun, plural: mitochondria. A spherical or rod-shaped organelle with its own genome, and is responsible for the generation of most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate through the process of cellular respiration. Supplement. The mitochondrion is regarded as the powerhouse of eukaryotic cells.
Likewise, what are the parts of mitochondria and its function?
Structure of Mitochondria The outer membrane covers the surface of the mitochondrion, while the inner membrane is located within and has many folds called cristae. The folds increase surface area of the membrane, which is important because the inner membrane holds the proteins involved in the electron transport chain.
Why is the mitochondria structure important?
The membranes create two compartments. The intermembrane space, as implied, is the region between the inner and outer membranes. It has an important role in the primary function of mitochondria, which is oxidative phosphorylation. The matrix contains the enzymes that are responsible for the citric acid cycle reactions.