Asked by: Dany Delarue
science genetics

What is the function of mitochondria in biology?

Last Updated: 1st March, 2020

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Mitochondria are a part of eukaryotic cells. The main job of mitochondria is to perform cellular respiration. This means it takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy. This energy is then in turn used by the cell to carry out various functions.

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Keeping this in view, what are the three functions of mitochondria?

Function. The most prominent roles of mitochondria are to produce the energy currency of the cell, ATP (i.e., phosphorylation of ADP), through respiration, and to regulate cellular metabolism. The central set of reactions involved in ATP production are collectively known as the citric acid cycle, or the Krebs cycle.

Beside above, what is the definition of mitochondria in biology? Definition. noun, plural: mitochondria. A spherical or rod-shaped organelle with its own genome, and is responsible for the generation of most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate through the process of cellular respiration. Supplement. The mitochondrion is regarded as the powerhouse of eukaryotic cells.

Likewise, what are the parts of mitochondria and its function?

Structure of Mitochondria The outer membrane covers the surface of the mitochondrion, while the inner membrane is located within and has many folds called cristae. The folds increase surface area of the membrane, which is important because the inner membrane holds the proteins involved in the electron transport chain.

Why is the mitochondria structure important?

The membranes create two compartments. The intermembrane space, as implied, is the region between the inner and outer membranes. It has an important role in the primary function of mitochondria, which is oxidative phosphorylation. The matrix contains the enzymes that are responsible for the citric acid cycle reactions.

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Radmila Otaolaurruchi

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What are the main functions of mitochondria?

Mitochondria are a part of eukaryotic cells. The main job of mitochondria is to perform cellular respiration. This means it takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy. This energy is then in turn used by the cell to carry out various functions.

Charlie Emmery

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Where is mitochondria found?

Mitochondria are found in all body cells, with the exception of a few. There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell. Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm of cells along with other organelles of the cell.

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What is the main function of the cytoplasm in a plant cell?

Most of the important activities of the cell occur in the cytoplasm. Cytoplasm contains molecules such as enzymes which are responsible for breaking down waste and also aid in metabolic activity. Cytoplasm is responsible for giving a cell its shape. It helps to fill out the cell and keeps organelles in their place.

Carola Wirthz

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What is chloroplast made of?

Chloroplasts. The chloroplast is made up of 3 types of membrane: A smooth outer membrane which is freely permeable to molecules.

Sophio Risoto

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What is the main function of vacuole?

Write the functions of vacuoles???
The vacuole in cells have three main functions which are to provide the plant with support or rigidity, a storage area for nutrients and waste matter and can decompose complex molecules, according to British Society for Cell Biology. In plant cells, the vacuole also can store water.

Gamal Krauhs

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How big is a mitochondria?

The size and shape of mitochondria, like the number in a cell, vary from one tissue to another and with the physiological state of the cells. Most mitochondria are ovoid bodies having a diameter between 0.5 and 1.0 µm and a length up to 7 µm.

Jonahtan Detje

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What supplements help mitochondria?

Oral natural supplements containing membrane phospholipids, CoQ10, microencapsulated NADH, l-carnitine, α-lipoic acid, and other nutrients can help restore mitochondrial function and reduce intractable fatigue in patients with chronic illnesses.

Hassan Machlejt

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What is the function of the cytoplasm?

Most of the important activities of the cell occur in the cytoplasm. Cytoplasm contains molecules such as enzymes which are responsible for breaking down waste and also aid in metabolic activity. Cytoplasm is responsible for giving a cell its shape. It helps to fill out the cell and keeps organelles in their place.

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What are the functions of chloroplast?

Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells. The entire process is called photosynthesis and it all depends on the little green chlorophyll molecules in each chloroplast. Plants are the basis of all life on Earth.

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What are plastids and their functions?

Plastids are double-membrane organelle which are found in the cells of plants and algae. Plastids are responsible for manufacturing and storing of food. These often contain pigments that are used in photosynthesis and different types of pigments that can change the colour of the cell.

Caiqin Jurke

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What is mitochondria in plants?

Mitochondria (or mitochondrion, if there is only one) are small, organ-like structures inside of cells (known as organelles), and they are the power house of the cell. They take raw material and transform it into a form of energy that the plant can easily use.

Ilya Perowne

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How do you heal mitochondria?

Make sure you eat plenty of protein food such as meat, fish, nuts, seeds, beans/lentils and eggs to support amino acids like glutathione that protect the mitochondria. You can boost your protein in the morning by adding in a green protein-rich smoothie.

Mamady Pfortner

Teacher

What are the parts of a mitochondria?

They are:
  • the outer mitochondrial membrane,
  • the intermembrane space (the space between the outer and inner membranes),
  • the inner mitochondrial membrane,
  • the cristae space (formed by infoldings of the inner membrane), and.
  • the matrix (space within the inner membrane).

Kirsa Gorne

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What is the structure and function of chloroplast?

A chloroplast is an organelle unique to plant cells that contains chlorophyll (which is what makes plants green) and is responsible for enabling photosynthesis to occur so that plants can convert sunlight into chemical energy.

Tadas Zaumseil

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What is an organelle in biology?

Organelle, any of the specialized structures within a cell that perform a specific function (e.g., mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum). Organelles in unicellular organisms are the equivalent of organs in multicellular organisms.

Celerino Da Cuña

Reviewer

How do you say mitochondria?

Mitochondrion, plural mitochondria (noun, “MITE-oh-CON-dree-on”, plural “MITE-oh-CON-dree-ah”)

Ailing Reinken

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What does ATP mean?

Scientific definitions for atp
Short for adenosine triphosphate. An organic compound, C10H16N5O13P3, that is composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups. It serves as a source of energy for many metabolic processes. ATP releases energy when it is broken down into ADP by hydrolysis during cell metabolism.

Aixiang Iriarte-Churio

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What is chloroplast in biology?

chloroplast. The chloroplast is the place in a plant cell where photosynthesis happens. If you're reading about plant biology, you'll probably recognize chloros in chlorophyll, which is one of the pigments important to photosynthesis, which takes place in chloroplasts.

Jeffry Albers

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What does vacuole mean in biology?

A cell is a tiny world of elements, one of which is the vacuole. Found in both plant and animal cells, a vacuole is a fluid-filled pocket in the cell's cytoplasm that serves varying functions depending on the cell's requirements. Look at the word vacuole.