Asked by: Yosef Folmermedical health eye and vision conditions
What is the function of the superior rectus?
Last Updated: 19th May, 2020
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Similarly, it is asked, what is the superior rectus?
The superior rectus (also superior rectus muscle, superior rectus extraocular muscle, latin: musculus rectus superior) is one of the six extra-ocular muscles that are in control of eye movements. The superior rectus originates from the upper part of the common tendinous ring, above and lateral to the optic canal.
Additionally, what is the function of the superior oblique? The primary (main) action of the superior oblique muscle is intorsion (internal rotation), the secondary action is depression (primarily in the adducted position) and the tertiary action is abduction (lateral rotation). The extraocular muscles rotate the eyeball around vertical, horizontal and antero-posterior axes.
Moreover, how does the superior rectus move the eye?
The superior rectus and inferior oblique muscles working together pull the eye upward without rotating the eye. To depress the eye while looking straight ahead, the inferior rectus and superior oblique contract together as the superior rectus and inferior oblique relax.
How do you test superior rectus muscle?
To test superior rectus from the inferior oblique, the clinician asks the patient to first look out (or lateral) to orient the visual gaze axis perpendicular to the inferior oblique muscle fiber direction, then up. After the inferior oblique is trapped, the only muscle that can mediate elevation is the superior rectus.