Asked by: Maqbool Zerah
religion and spirituality atheism

What is the Kalam cosmological argument by Al Kindi?

Last Updated: 18th January, 2020

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The Kalām cosmological argument is a modern formulation of the cosmological argument for the existence of God; named for the kalam (medieval Islamic scholasticism), it was popularized by William Lane Craig in his The Kalām Cosmological Argument (1979).

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Consequently, what does the cosmological argument state?

In natural theology, a cosmological argument is an argument in which the existence of a unique being, generally seen as some kind of god or demiurge is deduced or inferred from facts or alleged facts concerning causation, change, motion, contingency, or finitude in respect of the universe as a whole or processes within

Similarly, what are the 5 arguments for the existence of God? They are:

  • the argument from "first mover";
  • the argument from causation;
  • the argument from contingency;
  • the argument from degree;
  • the argument from final cause or ends ("teleological argument").

Likewise, people ask, what is infinite regress in the cosmological argument?

Infinite regress is the idea of a process going back into the past with no beginning. Several versions of the Cosmological Argument (Motion and Causality) make it one of their premises that infinite regress is impossible. The idea of an infinite set of things (an "actual infinity") produces absurd conclusions.

Who came up with the cosmological argument?

The history of this argument goes back to Aristotle or earlier, was developed in Neoplatonism and early Christianity and later in medieval Islamic theology during the 9th to 12th centuries, and re-introduced to medieval Christian theology in the 13th century by Thomas Aquinas.

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Markel Holzheimer

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Why the cosmological argument fails?

The form of the mistake is this: Every member of a collection of dependent beings is accounted for by some explanation. Therefore, the collection of dependent beings is accounted for by one explanation. This argument will fail in trying to reason that there is only one first cause or one necessary cause, i.e. one God .

Louetta Montagud

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What is the cosmological argument also known as?

This argument or proof proceeds from a consideration of the existence and order of the universe. This popular argument for the existence of God is most commonly known as the cosmological argument.

Yongsheng Imbert

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How does the cosmological argument work?

Cosmological Argument. The cosmological argument is less a particular argument than an argument type. It uses a general pattern of argumentation (logos) that makes an inference from particular alleged facts about the universe (cosmos) to the existence of a unique being, generally identified with or referred to as God.

Lissett Leduck

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What is a cosmological theory?

Definition & History. According to NASA, the definition of cosmology is "the scientific study of the large scale properties of the universe as a whole." Cosmologists puzzle over exotic concepts like string theory, dark matter and dark energy and whether there is one universe or many (sometimes called the multiverse).

Raza Guajardo Fajardo

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What is the cosmological argument simple?

Cosmological argument. The cosmological argument is an attempt to prove the existence of God by the fact that things exist. It assumes that things must have a cause, and that the chain of causes can only end by a supernatural event. The first cause is claimed to be God.

Icram Ballaz

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What is Descartes cosmological argument?

Descartes' cosmological (or causal) arguments for the existence of God are often thought to be among the least plausible aspects of his philosophy and, perhaps as a result, have been relatively neglected by commentators.

Silvestru Gaedt

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What is the ontological argument for the existence of God?

As an “a priori” argument, the Ontological Argument tries to “prove” the existence of God by establishing the necessity of God's existence through an explanation of the concept of existence or necessary being . Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury first set forth the Ontological Argument in the eleventh century.

Qiu Hruska

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What is Craig's cosmological argument?

The Kalām cosmological argument is a modern formulation of the cosmological argument for the existence of God; named for the kalam (medieval Islamic scholasticism), it was popularized by William Lane Craig in his The Kalām Cosmological Argument (1979).

Aoued Lamb

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What is the epistemic regress problem?

The regress argument is the argument that any proposition requires a justification; However, any justification itself requires support; This means that any proposition whatsoever can be endlessly (infinitely) questioned. It is a problem in epistemology and in any general situation where a statement has to be justified.

Eufemia Moita

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What is the first cause argument for the existence of God?

Many philosophers and theologians in this tradition have formulated an argument for the existence of God by claiming that the world that man observes with his senses must have been brought into being by God as the first cause. The classic Christian formulation of this argument came from the medieval theologian St.

Ilhan Diefenthal

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What is a necessary being?

logical necessity: a logically necessary being is a being whose non-existence is a logical impossibility, and which therefore exists either timeless or eternally in all possible worlds.

Asha Mariz

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When was the ontological argument created?

The first, and best-known, ontological argument was proposed by St. Anselm of Canterbury in the 11th century C.E. In his Proslogion, St. Anselm claims to derive the existence of God from the concept of a being than which no greater can be conceived.

Waneta Hahlbohm

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What did Thomas Aquinas argue?

Aquinas argues that if everything can not-be, then at one time there was nothing in existence. If at one time nothing was in existence, it would have been impossible for anything to have begun to exist; and thus even now nothing would be in existence – which is absurd.

Napoleon Labako

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Is it possible for something to come from nothing?

Quantum mechanics tells us that "nothing" is inherently unstable, so the initial leap from nothing to something may have been inevitable. Then the resulting tiny bubble of space-time could have burgeoned into a massive, busy universe, thanks to inflation.

Muela Heynkes

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Can the past be infinite?

Since there's no negative infinite number, there's no infinitely past year or earliest year. There never was a time when the past became infinite because no set can become infinite by adding any finite number of members. So, if the past is infinite, then it has always been infinite.

Asdrubal Vocking

Reviewer

Who came up with infinite regress?

Aristotle (Nicomachean Ethics, 1094a) thought that some things were good because we desire them for the sake of something else that is good. But if everything that is good is good simply because it aims at something else that is good, this would lead to a regress and “all desire would be futile and vain”.

Natalija Brandelstein

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Is the design argument inductive or deductive?

The Teleological Argument for the existence of God is an inductive argument. This means that if you believe the premises are true; it is highly probable that the conclusion is true. There is no guarantee that the conclusion is true as in the deductive argument.

Alaide Pendleton

Reviewer

How does Anselm define God?

Anselm defined God as "a being than which no greater can be conceived", and argued that this being must exist in the mind, even in the mind of the person who denies the existence of God.

Imran Negros

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What is the teleological argument for the existence of God?

The teleological or physico-theological argument, also known as the argument from design, or intelligent design argument is an argument for the existence of God or, more generally, for an intelligent creator based on perceived evidence of deliberate design in the natural world.