Asked by: Policarpo Casellas
science chemistry

What is the Lewis structure for NaCl?

Last Updated: 11th January, 2020

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The Lewis Structure for the Salt NaCl,shows two ions which have their (Now) outer shells of electronsfilled with a complete octet. In the case of the sodium cation, thefilled shell is the outermost of the 'core' electron shells. In theChloride ion, the outer shell of valence electrons is complete with8 electrons.

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Also to know is, what is the name of the formula NaCl?

Sodium chloride

Similarly, what is the electron configuration of NaCl? The electron configurations of sodium andchloride ions—the components of table salt(NaCl)—provide a useful insight to the octet rule.Sodium (Na) with an electron configuration of1s22s22p63s1 sheds itsoutermost 3s electron and, as a result, the Na+ion has an electron configuration of 1s22s2 2p6.

Subsequently, question is, what is the structure of NaCl?

NaCl has a cubic unit cell. It is best thought ofas a face-centered cubic array of anions with an interpenetratingfcc cation lattice (or vice-versa). The cell looks the same whetheryou start with anions or cations on the corners. Each ion is6-coordinate and has a local octahedral geometry.

What is the Lewis symbol for Na+?

The dots in the Lewis dot structuresymbolize an atom's elements. Since Na^+ is a positive ion (cation)with a charge of +1, it indicates that it has lost an electron.Since Na had one electron, to begin with, and it is now lost, Na^+will have no dots.

Related Question Answers

Jahangir Martaler

Professional

What is NaCl used for?

Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt.Sodium is an electrolyte that regulates the amount of water in yourbody. Sodium also plays a part in nerve impulses and musclecontractions. Sodium chloride is used to treat orprevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive sweating, orother causes.

Tijuana Rutzel

Professional

Is NaCl an acid or base?

NaCl is formed by the reaction of HCl and NaOH.Both are strong acids and bases. When a strongacid and a strong base react together the resultantis salt and water.Therefore NaCl is a salt.

Mykola Burghaus

Professional

How dangerous is sodium chloride?

SODIUM CHLORIDE. Human Health Effects: HumanToxicity Excerpts: /SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS/ The oral ingestion oflarger quantities of sodium chloride, eg 1000 g in 600 mL ofwater, is harmful and can induce irritation of thegastrointestinal tract, vomiting, hypernatremia, respiratorydistress, convulsions, and death.

Hitomi Marrazes

Explainer

How is NaCl formed naturally?

Sodium chloride is formed when sodiumatoms interact with chlorine atoms. When this occurs, sodium willdonate an electron (which is a negatively-charged particle) tochlorine. As a salt, sodium chloride dissolves wellin water and the ions in the crystals will separate when insolution.

Season Herrerias

Explainer

How do you identify NaCl?

To test for the chloride ion: Add a few drops of anaqueous solution of silver nitrate or AgNO3 (which is colourless)to an aqueous solution of sodium chloride or NaCl(which is also colourless). You will observe a curdy whiteprecipitate, silver chloride, which is insoluble in cold water anddilute nitric acid.

Heloisa Ortez

Explainer

What is the structure and bonding of sodium chloride?

Sodium will lose an electron to becomeNa+ whilst chloride will gain an electron to formCl-. These charged atoms are called ions. The strongforces or attraction between the two oppositely charged ions willhold them close together, forming the ionicbond.

Ginette Avlov

Pundit

Is sodium and chloride the same?

Technically salt can be any ionic compound formed byreacting an acid and a base, but most of the time the word is usedto refer to table salt, which is sodium chloride or NaCl.So, you know salt contains sodium, but the two chemicalsaren't the same thing.

Aron Venditti

Pundit

Is NaCl ionic or covalent?

Ionic bonds usually occur between metal andnonmetal ions. For example, sodium (Na), a metal, andchloride (Cl), a nonmetal, form an ionic bond to makeNaCl. In a covalent bond, the atoms bond by sharingelectrons. Covalent bonds usually occur betweennonmetals.

Lier Inhetpanhuys

Pundit

Is NaCl a CCP?

Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Crystal. With molarmasses of 22.99 and 35.45 g/mol respectively, 100 g of NaClcontain 39.34 g Na and 60.66 g Cl. The salient features of itsstructure are: Chloride ions are ccp type of arrangement,i.e., it contains chloride ions at the corners and at the center ofeach face of the cube.

Iulia Hammerl

Pundit

What is the Bravais lattice of NaCl?

NaCl is a crystal structure with a face centeredcubic Bravais lattice and two atoms in the basis. TheBravais lattice is fcc. The lattice paramters of theconventional unit cell are:a=b=c,α=90∘,β=90∘,γ=90∘.

Iordan Vikhirev

Pundit

Are NaCl and KCl Isomorphous?

Two or more substances having the same crystal structureare said to be isomorphous (iso – same, morphous– form) solids and the phenomenon is calledisomorphism.” Thus, NaCl and KCl are notisomorphous !

Frantisek Varges

Teacher

Deanna Holtzl

Teacher

Is KCl BCC or FCC?

KCl has a face-centered cubic unit cell in whichthe Cl-occupy the corners and the face, while thecations fit into theholes between adjacent anions.

Samra Haag

Teacher

What type of crystal is NaCl?

The Bravais lattice of NaCl crystal is aface-centred cube as shown in Fig. 2.16. NaCl is an ioniccrystal. It consists of two FCC sub-lattices, one of Cl ions having origin at (000) and the other of Na+ ion having origin at one half of the body diagonal ofthe unit cell.

Yamilex Bertge

Teacher

Is NaCl aqueous?

NaCl - or pure sodium chloride is neitherat room temperature and is, in fact a white, ionic, crystallinesolid. You seem to be thinking of sodium chloride SOLUTIONwhich is a mixture of sodium chloride and water. Water, asthe solvent, gives the aqueous solution its liquidproperties.

Vica XXXV

Reviewer

Tamer Loran

Reviewer

What is salt made of?

The chemical name for salt is sodium chloride, orNaCl; it's made of sodium and chlorine connected by an ionicbond. Deposits from mines or ocean water are purified and thensupplemented with iodine to make iodized salt, or tablesalt.

Montes Segbert

Reviewer

What type of bond is sodium chloride?

Sodium Chloride, NaCl. The classic case ofionic bonding, the sodium chloride molecule forms bythe ionization of sodium and chlorine atoms and theattraction of the resulting ions. An atom of sodium has one3s electron outside a closed shell, and it takes only 5.14 electronvolts of energy to remove that electron.

Tiara Alexandre

Reviewer

What are the ions present in NaCl?

NaCl is sodium chloride, a combination ofthe name of the cation (sodium) and the anion (chloride). MgO ismagnesium oxide.